Los Angeles experienced a significant decline in crime in the 1990s and late 2000s and reached a 50-year low in 2009 with 314 homicides. The Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Tongva (Gabrieleños) and Chumash tribes. Associated Press The Associated Press is an independent, not-for-profit news cooperative headquartered in … The busiest streets in Los Angeles in California, United States of America are listed below. With notable exceptions, the skyline is primarily horizontal rather than vertical. The lifestyle of Los Angeles residents (who are called Angelenos) relies on the automobile, idealizes the single-family dwelling, and favours informality. The Korea Times is the city's major daily Korean language paper while The World Journal is the city and county's major Chinese newspaper. Further afield, the highest point in the Greater Los Angeles area is San Gorgonio Mountain, with a height of 11,503 feet (3,506 m). Los Angeles is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity, Hollywood entertainment industry, and its sprawling metropolis. The LA County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LA County Metro) and other agencies operate an extensive system of bus lines, as well as subway and light rail lines across Los Angeles County, with a combined monthly ridership (measured in individual boardings) of 38.8 million as of September 2011[update]. The performing arts play a major role in Los Angeles's cultural identity. However, between 1908 and 1915, Los Angeles City Council created various exceptions to the broad proscriptions that applied to these three residential zones, and as a consequence, some industrial uses emerged within them. The region also has three PBS stations, as well as KCET (Channel 28), the nation's largest independent public television station. All regions may change in the future. Los Angeles , city, seat of Los Angeles county, southern California, U.S. Los Angeles lies in a basin in Southern California, adjacent to the Pacific Ocean, with mountains as high as 10,000 feet (3,000 m), and deserts.  Temperatures in the San Fernando and San Gabriel Valleys are considerably warmer. , New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, and the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.  In the United States House of Representatives, it is split among ten congressional districts. Visit top-rated & …  Native plants include: the California poppy, matilija poppy, toyon, Ceanothus, Chamise, Coast Live Oak, sycamore, willow and Giant Wildrye. In the California State Assembly, Los Angeles is split between fourteen districts. Los Angeles would eventually be founded on the village of iyáangẚ or Yaanga (written "Yang-na" by the Spanish), meaning "poison oak place. Calship built hundreds of Liberty Ships and Victory Ships on Terminal Island, and the Los Angeles area was the headquarters of six of the country's major aircraft manufacturers (Douglas Aircraft Company, Hughes Aircraft, Lockheed, North American Aviation, Northrop Corporation, and Vultee). During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. , According to the Los Angeles Police Department, the city is home to 45,000 gang members, organized into 450 gangs. The segment of the fault passing through Southern California experiences a major earthquake roughly every 110 to 140 years, and seismologists have warned about the next "big one", as the last major earthquake was the 1857 Fort Tejon earthquake. As of 2018[update], the total number of light rail stations is 93. Los Angeles is subject to earthquakes because of its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire. A significant number of art galleries are on Gallery Row, and tens of thousands attend the monthly Downtown Art Walk there.. Some early movies or video shows it pronounced with a hard "G" (/lɔːs ˈænɡələs/).  Enclaves of unincorporated areas are served by branches of the County of Los Angeles Public Library, many of which are within walking distance to residents. The Port of Los Angeles is in San Pedro Bay in the San Pedro neighborhood, approximately 20 miles (32 km) south of Downtown. Los Angeles and New York City are the only two media markets to have seven VHF allocations assigned to them.. When the tenth Olympic Games were hosted in 1932, the former 10th Street was renamed Olympic Blvd. Hispanic origin based on the White population of Spanish mother tongue. The Fashion District spans 90 blocks and is the hub of the apparel industry on the West Coast of the United States. Smog is expected to continue to drop in the coming years because of aggressive steps to reduce it, which include electric and hybrid cars, improvements in mass transit, and other measures. The Forum, SoFi Stadium, Dignity Health Sports Park, the Rose Bowl, Angel Stadium and Honda Center are also in adjacent cities and cities in Los Angeles's metropolitan area. With an estimated population of nearly four million people, it is the second most populous city in the United States (after New York City) and the third most populous city in North America (after Mexico City and New York City).  Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles.  Mexican Fan Palms, Canary Island Palms, Queen Palms, Date Palms, and California Fan Palms are common in the Los Angeles area, although only the last is native. The city’s defenders admire its mild climate and geographic variety. Los Angeles is the second-largest city in the United States but hosted no NFL team between 1995 and 2015. [b] The present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic archdiocese in the United States. During the peak rush hour there is 80% congestion, according to the index.. , The 2010 United States Census reported Los Angeles had a population of 3,792,621.  Yang-na has also been translated as "the valley of smoke". , Los Angeles has twice hosted the Summer Olympic Games: in 1932 and in 1984, and will host the games for a third time in 2028. , The Dragna crime family and the Cohen crime family dominated organized crime in the city during the Prohibition era and reached its peak during the 1940s and 1950s with the battle of Sunset Strip as part of the American Mafia, but has gradually declined since then with the rise of various black and Hispanic gangs in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Immigrants from Asia for example, have formed a number of significant Buddhist congregations making the city home to the greatest variety of Buddhists in the world.  LA County Metro recorded over 397 million boardings for the 2017 calendar year, including about 285 million bus riders and about 113 million riding on rail transit. The city has many departments and appointed officers, including the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD), the Los Angeles Board of Police Commissioners, the Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD), the Housing Authority of the City of Los Angeles (HACLA), the Los Angeles Department of Transportation (LADOT), and the Los Angeles Public Library (LAPL). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The charter of the City of Los Angeles ratified by voters in 1999 created a system of advisory neighborhood councils that would represent the diversity of stakeholders, defined as those who live, work or own property in the neighborhood. Los Angeles is often characterized by the presence of low-rise buildings. The Greater Los Angeles Area, or the Southland, is a term used for the group of metropolitan areas over five counties in the southern part of California. Other events in the city during the 1970s included the Symbionese Liberation Army's South Central standoff in 1974 and the Hillside Stranglers murder cases in 1977–1978. Among the major highways that connect LA to the rest of the nation include Interstate 5, which runs south through San Diego to Tijuana in Mexico and north through Sacramento, Portland, and Seattle to the Canada–US border; Interstate 10, the southernmost east–west, coast-to-coast Interstate Highway in the United States, going to Jacksonville, Florida; and U.S. Route 101, which heads to the California Central Coast, San Francisco, the Redwood Empire, and the Oregon and Washington coasts. Current local time in USA – California – Los Angeles. Los Angeles is the most populous city of California and the second most populous city of the United States after New York City.  According to the 2016 American Community Survey, 9.2% of working Los Angeles (city) residents made the journey to work via public transportation.. The Texas Transportation Institute, which publishes an annual Urban Mobility Report, ranked Los Angeles road traffic as the most congested in the United States in 2005 as measured by annual delay per traveler. The usual pattern is year to year variability, with a short string of dry years of 5–10 in (130–250 mm) rainfall, followed by one or two wet years with more than 20 in (510 mm). Non-Hispanic whites were 28.7% of the population in 2010, compared to 86.3% in 1940.  Los Angeles has plenty of sunshine throughout the year, with an average of only 35 days with measurable precipitation annually. Author of. The population of Los Angeles County alone would place it tenth in population behind only the states of California, Texas, Florida, New York, Illinois, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Georgia, and North Carolina. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Los Angeles County Office of Education operates the Los Angeles County High School for the Arts. It also has the busiest container port in the Americas. In 2016, the E Line was extended to the Pacific Ocean at Santa Monica. This has led to the city being referred to as the "Gang Capital of America".. Issues of air quality in Los Angeles and other major cities led to the passage of early national environmental legislation, including the Clean Air Act. The current charter was adopted on June 8, 1999, and has been amended many times. It has the third-largest metropolitan economy in the world, with a Nominal GDP of more than $700 billion. The proscriptions included barns, lumber yards, and any industrial land use employing machine-powered equipment. In addition to the major papers, numerous local periodicals serve immigrant communities in their native languages, including Armenian, English, Korean, Persian, Russian, Chinese, Japanese, Hebrew, and Arabic.  Other hilly parts of Los Angeles include the Mt.  Los Angeles will be the third city after London (1908, 1948 and 2012) and Paris (1900, 1924 and 2024) to host the Olympic Games three times. You may occasionally receive promotional content from the Los Angeles Times. All but a few are of low intensity and are not felt. Los Angeles has a diverse economy and hosts businesses in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Rarely, an incursion of moist air from the south or east can bring brief thunderstorms in late summer, especially to the mountains. , By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000, putting pressure on the city's water supply. Several small sections of Los Angeles are in the Las Virgenes Unified School District. The city's subway system is the ninth busiest in the United States and its light rail system is the country's busiest.  The Los Angeles metropolitan area also has a gross metropolitan product of $1.0 trillion (as of 2017[update]), making it the third-largest city by GDP in the world, after the Tokyo and New York City metropolitan areas. Regions are composed by surrounding states, countries, counties, or cities. The Los Angeles metro area is the second-largest broadcast designated market area in the U.S. (after New York) with 5,431,140 homes (4.956% of the U.S.), which is served by a wide variety of local AM and FM radio and television stations.  The rail system includes the B and D subway lines, as well as the A, C, E, and L light rail lines. The Los Angeles metropolitan area is home to a large population of Armenians, Assyrians, and Iranians, many of whom live in enclaves like Little Armenia and Tehrangeles. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Years of average rainfall are rare.  In the California State Senate, the city is split between eight districts. Explore Los Angeles's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. The discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. Los Angeles is rich in native plant species partly because of its diversity of habitats, including beaches, wetlands, and mountains. The age distribution was 874,525 people (23.1%) under 18, 434,478 people (11.5%) from 18 to 24, 1,209,367 people (31.9%) from 25 to 44, 877,555 people (23.1%) from 45 to 64, and 396,696 people (10.5%) who were 65 or older. Sunrise, sunset, day length and solar time for Los Angeles.  The Metropolitan Community Church also had its origins in the Los Angeles area. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood. The Los Angeles County Museum of Art lays claim to being the largest art museum in the western United States, with almost 130,000 pieces spanning from antiquity through to modern times.  The elected government consists of the Los Angeles City Council and the mayor of Los Angeles, which operate under a mayor–council government, as well as the city attorney (not to be confused with the district attorney, a county office) and controller. Downtown Los Angeles averages 14.93 in (379 mm) of precipitation annually, mainly occurring between November and March, generally in the form of moderate rain showers, but sometimes as heavy rainfall during winter storms. In 1984, the city hosted the Summer Olympic Games for the second time.  It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Los Angeles metropolitan area (MSA) is home to 13.1 million people, making it the second-largest metropolitan area in the nation after New York.  Hours of sunshine total more than 3,000 per year, from an average of 7 hours of sunshine per day in December to an average of 12 in July.  Ethnic enclaves like Chinatown, Historic Filipinotown, Koreatown, Little Armenia, Little Ethiopia, Tehrangeles, Little Tokyo, Little Bangladesh, and Thai Town provide examples of the polyglot character of Los Angeles. Archived. , In 1994, the 6.7 Northridge earthquake shook the city, causing $12.5 billion in damage and 72 deaths. The neighborhood councils are relatively autonomous and spontaneous in that they identify their own boundaries, establish their own bylaws, and elect their own officers. Los Angeles, city, seat of Los Angeles county, southern California, U.S. One of the five major film studios, Paramount Pictures, is within the city limits, its location being part of the so-called "Thirty-Mile Zone" of entertainment headquarters in Southern California.  Together, both ports are the fifth busiest container port in the world, with a trade volume of over 14.2 million TEU's in 2008.  Atheism and other secular beliefs are also common, as the city is the largest in the Western U.S. Unchurched Belt.  The median age was 34.1 years. It includes Los Angeles County, Orange County, San Bernardino County, Riverside County and Ventura County. Los Angeles also hosted 8 FIFA World Cup soccer games at the Rose Bowl in 1994, including the final, where Brazil won.  More recently, the state of California has led the nation in working to limit pollution by mandating low-emission vehicles. Home | All Almanac Topics | Population Los Angeles County Population vs. State Populations. The Metro G and J lines are bus rapid transit lines with stops and frequency similar to those of light rail. In fact, some observers regard it as the most modern and quintessential American city. Metropolitan areas have +150,000 according to source at the time estimated. Near La Brea Tar Pits.  This included 15 officer-involved shootings. 4 Many port operations rely on fossil fuel or diesel to power ships, trucks, and other transportation. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones. , The city is divided into many different districts and neighborhoods, some of which were incorporated cities that merged with Los Angeles. According to a 2014 study by the Pew Research Center, Christianity is the most prevalently practiced religion in Los Angeles (65%).  After Proposition 13 was approved in 1978, urban school districts had considerable trouble with funding. Talent is locally cultivated at premier institutions such as the Colburn School and the USC Thornton School of Music. In winter, they average around 68 °F (20 °C) giving it a tropical feel although it is a few degrees too cool to be a true tropical climate on average due to cool night temperatures.  Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1,838,822 persons (48.5%). Other major nearby commercial airports include: One of the world's busiest general-aviation airports is also in Los Angeles, Van Nuys Airport (IATA: VNY, ICAO: KVNY).. The city sprawls across a broad coastal plain situated between mountains and the Pacific Ocean; the much larger Los Angeles… Hotel website. Washington area north of Downtown, eastern parts such as Boyle Heights, the Crenshaw district around the Baldwin Hills, and the San Pedro district. For the county, see, Climate data for Los Angeles (LAX), 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1944–present. Many cities adjacent to Los Angeles also have their own daily newspapers whose coverage and availability overlaps into certain Los Angeles neighborhoods. , The city and the rest of the Los Angeles metropolitan area are served by an extensive network of freeways and highways. The Rams and the Chargers would soon moved to the newly-built SoFi Stadium, located in nearby Inglewood during the 2020 season. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Los Angeles, California on Tripadvisor: See 729,267 traveler reviews and photos of Los Angeles tourist attractions. What to do today, this weekend, or in December Clean air Act of 1970 in California. ” Alumni. [ 44 ], in the Western United States, boasting the largest non–state-level government entity in the area. As shipbuilding and aircraft every week 4,070 square miles ( 1,207 square ). Largest urban oil field pollution by mandating low-emission vehicles million boardings per.! Creating an iconic image States that border the Great Lakes have a population that 's roughly twice the of... Hours in traffic each year Almost 60 percent of the most populous of. [ 110 ], the 1908 Residence District ordinance and later zoning laws the! 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