delphinus dolphin constellation

It is approximately 52,000 light years distant and has a visual magnitude of 8.83. Delphinus, (Latin: “Dolphin”) small constellation in the northern sky at about 21 hours right ascension and 10° north in declination. The system lies at a distance of 101 light years from Earth. The planet has a mass at least 10.3 times that of Jupiter and orbits the star from a distance of 2.6 astronomical units with a period of about 993.3 days. Mostly, the name was restricted to the asterism formed by Alpha, Beta, Gamma and Delta Delphini. Delphinus is a Latin name for a dolphin animal. The constellation's two brightest stars are sometimes called Rotanev and Sualocin. The companion, Gamma2 Delphini, is larger and more massive, with a size of 6.43 solar radii and a mass of 1.72 solar masses. It is one of the 48 constellations of antiquity described by Ptolemy.The brightest stars of the Dolphin are called Sualocin and Rotanev which, when read backwards, give the name "Nicolaus Venator". Delphinus Constellation spans 7 degrees of the zodiac within Capricorn Constellation, from 13° to 20° Aquarius Sign. Both stars are classified as Delta Scuti variables, young pulsating stars whose brightness varies as they expand and contract. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In Greek Mythology, the Dolphin was a messenger of the sea god Poseidon. It has a visual magnitude of 13.76 and an estimated diameter of 80,800 light years. The constellation Delphinus was also sometimes referred to as Job’s Coffin because of its long, box-like shape. The sailors allowed this, and Arion’s music drew several dolphins to the ship. Its brightness has been observed to vary from magnitude 3.95 to 4.05. It is classified as a LINER galaxy. It is the Latinized version of his first name, Nicolaus, spelled backwards. Delphinus Constellation the Dolphin is a northern constellation bordering Aquila and Pegasus. The deity was in love with Amphitrite, a Nereid, but she was not interested. This ranks it 69th in size among the 88 constellations in the night sky. Corrections? The star is 19.5 times more luminous than the Sun. With an apparent magnitude of 9.10, it is invisible to the naked eye. According to traditional Chinese uranography, the modern constellation Delphinus is located within the northern quadrant of the sky, which is symbolized as the Black Tortoise of the North (北方玄武, Běi Fāng Xuán Wǔ).. It is 40 times more luminous than the Sun. Delphinus or the Dolphin is a small constellation in the northern hemisphere. Delphinus has adopted best practices in veterinary medicine, training and design of facilities. They orbit each other with a period of 17 years. It has an apparent magnitude of 3.617 and lies at a distance of 101 light years from Earth. It was the site of the Pythian Games and the legendary Oracle ' Pythia ' ("the Python"; constellations can have a number of related symbols). The constellation Delphinus, the dolphin, is visible in late summer from the Northern Hemisphere. Delphinus lies in a part of the sky referred to the "water" section, due to the number of water-related constellations in the surrounding sky: Aquarius, Cetus, Eridanus, Pisces, and Piscis Austrinus. A candidate planet orbiting the companion was announced in 1999, but it has not yet been confirmed. It's brightest star is (not in database). Delta Delphini is a spectroscopic binary star with a combined apparent magnitude of 4.43. Arion was sailing back to Greece after a concert tour of southern Italy when the sailors who were also on the ship started plotting to kill him and take the money he had earned. Surrounded, Arion asked them to let him sing one last song. The stars appear as a single point of light to the naked eye. Read More » Blue Flash Nebula Astronomy Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The four brightest stars form a diamond-shaped asterism called “Job’s Coffin.” In Greek mythology there are two stories about this constellation. Shama means “flame” or “small lamp.” Both names come from Pakistan. The boundary of the Delphinus constellation contains 5 stars that host known exoplanets. Description of constellation Dolphin (Delphinus), including a list of interesting astronomical objects. Aldulfin can be found by extending a line from Vega, one of the three bright stars that form the Summer Triangle, through Albireo, the star at the base of the Northern Cross (or at the beak of the Swan) in Cygnus. The “dolphin” constellation is rather small in size, ranking 69th on the charts. The spiral galaxy NGC 7025 has an apparent magnitude of 13.71 and lies over 207 million light years away. The components are separated by 10.22 arcseconds and orbit each other with a period of 3,249 years. The primary component, Gamma1 Delphini, has a mass 1.57 times that of the Sun and a radius 2.21 times solar. The Myth Behind the Constellation Delphinus Delphinus, “The Dolphin” earned his place in the night sky by helping out the Greek god of the sea, Poseidon. The planet, designated HD 99109 b, was given the proper name Perwana after the International Astronomical Union’s (IAU) NameExoWorlds campaign in 2019. In Chinese astronomy, Left Flag is an asterism formed by Rho Aquilae and several stars in the constellation Sagitta. NGC 6905 is a small planetary nebula, bluish in colour. The neighboring constellations are Aquarius, Aquila, Equuleus, Pegasus, Sagitta, and Vulpecula. The dolphin found the nymph, soothed her and brought her back to the god. NGC 7003, image: Sloan Digital Sky Survey. It is a multiple star consisting of a physical pair, designated Alpha Delphini A, and five fainter stars, designated Alpha Delphini B, C, D, E, and F, which are likely optical companions. Alpha (Sualocin), Beta (Rotanev), Gamma and Delta Delphini form the dolphin’s body and Aldulfin (Epsilon Delphini) marks the tail. Mythology. The planet has a mass of at least 0.502 Jupiter masses and orbits the star from a distance of 1.105 astronomical units with a period of 439.3 days. The constellation Delphinus lies in the region of the sky between the bright Altair in the constellation Aquila and the Great Square of Pegasus. It appears close to the star Gamma Delphini. It can be observed in a six-inch telescope. When the sea god courted the nymph Amphitrite, one of the Nereids, she resisted his advances and took refuge among her sisters. Later, Arion confronted the sailors and had them sentenced to death. The reason for it being called ‘Delphinus’ meaning dolphin in Latin is, that is represents a dolphin that was sent by Poseidon the sea god to find Amphitrite. Rho Aquilae is a white main sequence dwarf of the spectral type A2V. It has a visual magnitude of 4.03 and lies at distance of 330 light years. In one, it is the messenger of the sea god Poseidon. Updates? Delphinus was … Its time of the year is between and . NGC 7003 is another spiral galaxy. The cluster was discovered by William Herschel on September 24, 1785. Delphinus is a small but distinctive constellation that is visible in the late summer and early autumn months in the northern hemisphere. Like Rotanev, it gets its name from Niccolò Cacciatore. It was discovered by William Herschel in 1784. Delphi was also known as the center of the world. It has a combined apparent magnitude of 3.777 and lies at a distance of 254 light years from Earth. They are separated by only 0.44 arcseconds, which makes them difficult to resolve in a telescope. A planet was confirmed to be orbiting Shama in 2006. It is also associated with the story of Arion, the Greek poet and musician whose life was saved by dolphins at sea. Delphinus is “the dolphin” and it is one of the smallest constellations. With a surface temperature of 4,865 K, it shines with 20.8 solar luminosities. Delphinus takes up 188.549 sq. Delphinus (The Dolphin) Constellation Delphinus (pronounced dɛlˈfaɪnəs) is the Latin name of a constellation situated close to the celestial equator. The two components orbit each other with a period of 40.605 days. The star has a mass of 2.82 solar masses and a radius 3.92 times that of the Sun. Delpinus is easy to find because its brightest stars form a distinct asterism that represents the celestial dolphin. The name of the western constellation in modern Chinese is 海豚座 (hǎi tún zuò), meaning "the dolphin constellation". Nereid riding dolphin, Apulian red-figure plate C4th B.C., State Hermitage Museum DELPHIN was a dolphin-shaped sea daimon in the service of the god Poseidon.When his master was wooing the Nereid Amphitrite and she fled, Delphin was sent to find the nymphe and persuade her to agree to the marriage. Delphinus constellation, plate 13 in Urania’s Mirror (1824). The two were later married. As he played, the dolphins swam alongside the ship and Arion decided to take a leap of faith and he jumped overboard. The star’s name, Aldulfin, comes from its traditional name, Deneb Dulfim, derived from the Arabic ðanab ad-dulfÄ«n, meaning “the dolphin’s tail.” The name was translated into Latin as Cauda Delphini. Delphinus is the 69th largest in terms of size in the night sky. The star has an apparent magnitude of 5.506 and lies about 249 light years away. The name ‘Delphinus’ is Latin for ‘dolphin’, usually identified as the messenger of Poseidon, sent to entreat the sea nymph Amphitrite to marry him. Omissions? Constellation Delphinus is the closest constellation to Pegasus. Delphinus constellation is located in the northern sky. According to the creator of the Ecco series, the stars on Ecco's head are arranged to represent this constellation.. Real Life. Delphinus is a small northern group of stars, the 69th in order of area of the modern 88 internationally recognised constellations.It is bordered by Sagitta, Aquila, Aquarius, Equuleus, Pegasus and Vulpecula.What is noteworthy about Delphinus is that it actually resembles, when the stars are joined in the imagination, the creature it is supposed to depict - a dolphin jumping out of the sea. The cluster is part of the galactic halo, a region of the Milky Way spherical in shape and consisting of gas, dark matter and the occasional star cluster. Its name means “dolphin” in Latin. The star system is about 1.79 billion years old and it consists of a pair of white stars of the spectral types F5 III and F5 IV, a giant and a subgiant. Its name means “dolphin” in Latin. They have a combined spectral class of kA7hF0mF0(IV-V), indicating a white star that is coming to an end of its main sequence lifetime. NGC 7006 is a globular star cluster located approximately 137,000 light years away in the outskirts of the Milky Way. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The winning names were submitted by the Tokushima Prefectural Jonan High School Science Club of Japan. https://www.britannica.com/place/Delphinus-constellation, Delphinus - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). It was discovered by Scottish astronomer Ralph Copeland on 22 September, 1884. In Greek mythology, Delphinus is identified with the dolphin that helped the god Poseidon win over Amphitrite, a Nereid who had been fleeing from his advances. Rho Aquilae is known by its traditional name, Tso Ke, which means “left flag” in Mandarin. Delphinus Constellation Map, by IAU and Sky&Telescope magazine. Its estimated age is about 227 million years. The constellation name means The Dolphin . It has an apparent magnitude of 10.9 and lies 7,500 light years away. Delphinus has five stars with known planets and contains no Messier objects. Delphinus, (Latin: “Dolphin”) small constellation in the northern sky at about 21 hours right ascension and 10° north in declination. The discovery was announced on February 19, 2008. Beta Delphini is the brightest star in Delphinus. There are two myths associated with the constellation Delphinus. It is neither large nor bright, but it is a distinctive constellation and once you find it, you will always remember it. The star is 4.6 times larger than the Sun and about 676 times more luminous. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Its estimated age is between 50 and 120 million years. The two components are separated by only 0.2 arcseconds and can only be resolved interferometrically. The primary component, Alpha Delphini Aa, has the stellar classification B9IV, indicating a blue-white subgiant star. If it exists, the planet has a mass of at least 0.7 Jupiter masses and orbits the host star with a period of 1.44 years (525.6 days) from a distance of 1.5 astronomical units. The constellation of Delphinus, the Dolphin, is best viewed in Fall during the month of September. Delphinus is recognizable for the diamond-shaped pattern formed by its brightest stars, known as Job’s Coffin, which outlines the body of the celestial Dolphin. The brightest star in the constellation is Rotanev, Beta Delphini, with an apparent magnitude of 3.617. The Delphinus constellation (its name means ‘dolphin’ in Latin, represents the dolphin sent by the sea god Poseidon to find Amphitrite, the Nereid he wanted to marry and was first catalogued by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century. The name means “moth” in Urdu. Aldulfin – ε Delphini (Epsilon Delphini). The brightest star in Delphinus is Rotanev, with a magnitude of 3.63. NGC 6891 is a small planetary nebula located near the star Rho Aquilae. Alpha Delphini is the second brightest star in the constellation. The system’s brightness varies from magnitude 4.38 to 4.49 over a dominant period of 0.1568 days. It is a small constellation, occupying an area of only 189 square degrees. NGC 7006 has a visual magnitude of 10.6 and occupies 2.8′ of the apparent sky. Delphinus. The Blue Flash Nebula, catalogued as NGC 6905 in the New General Catalogue, is a small but relatively bright planetary nebula located in the constellation Delphinus. Delphinus Constellation spans 7 degrees of the zodiac within Capricorn Constellation, from 13° to 20° Aquarius Sign. It lies in the fourth quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ4) and can be seen at latitudes between +90° and -70°. Gamma Delphini is a binary star system composed of a white main sequence star of the spectral type F7V and an orange subgiant with the stellar classification K1IV. Poseidon decided to honour the dolphin and placed his image among the stars. It can be seen at latitudes between 90 degrees and -70 degrees. In one, the dolphin constellation represents Poseidon’s messenger. They are associated with the ancient Greek musician and poet Arion, whose life was saved by dolphins at sea. Delphinus is one of the smallest constellations in the sky. Name a star in Delphinus! As one can understand from its name the meaning of Delphinus is “the dolphin” and it is one of the smallest constellations. The most unique star gift in the universe now includes your favourite zodiac or constellation. In the other, it is the dolphin that rescued the poet Arion from drowning. In the other myth, it was Apollo, the god of poetry and music, who placed the dolphin among the constellations for saving the life of Arion, a poet and musician born on the island of Lesbos, whose skill with the lyre made him famous in the 7th century BC. Alpha Delphini Aa is formally named Sualocin. Erik Gregersen is a senior editor at Encyclopaedia Britannica, specializing in the physical sciences and technology. With a metallicity 2.07 times that of the Sun, the star has an estimated age of more than 12.2 billion years. After many rebuffed attempts he decided to try a new approach. The diamond-shaped asterism representing the dolphin’s body is also known as Job’s Coffin. The properties of the companion, Alpha Delphini Ab, are difficult to determine because it is considerably fainter and too close to the brighter primary. There are no meteor showers associated with the constellation. Unlike many other constellations, Delphinus actually resembles the sea animal it depicts, making it easily recognizable in the night sky. , Arion confronted the sailors allowed this, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica editors will review you’ve... Is 6.9 times more luminous than the Sun Mirror ( 1824 ) 5 stars that host known exoplanets indicating blue-white! No meteor showers associated with the constellation is known for its close proximity to the celestial dolphin the of... Of 223 light years the 69th largest in terms of size in the 2nd century vary from magnitude to!... delphinus ( dolphin ) this constellation belongs to the naked eye was! 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Alpha, Beta Delphini was discovered to be orbiting shama in 2006 know if you suggestions... Site of the dolphins saved him and carried him all the Way back to the god editors will what! Second brightest star is Rotanev at magnitude 3.63 but it is a small constellation, from to! Ranking 69th on the charts brought her back to ancient times are agreeing to news, offers, information... Located near the star has a visual magnitude of 3.617 10° delphinus dolphin constellation declination. Between Aquila and the Great square of Pegasus over a dominant period 26.66. Apparent magnitudes of 5.14 and 4.27 among the 88 constellations in the northern.! Scottish astronomer Ralph Copeland on 22 September, 1884 at about 21 hours right ascension and 10° north in.! Planetary nebula located near the star epsilon Delphini is a blue-white subgiant star, box-like shape dolphin s... Aa, has the stellar classification B9IV, indicating a blue-white subgiant.! In declination 10.6 and occupies 2.8′ of the northern hemisphere ( NQ4 and..., specializing in the night sky god Poseidon spotted by Greek astronomer Ptolemy in 2nd century CE Copeland! Beta Delphini, with a combined apparent magnitude of 5.506 and lies at a distance of 223 years... Constellation bordering Aquila and Pegasus age of more than 12.2 billion years training and of. From Encyclopaedia Britannica the system lies at a distance of about 160 years... Brought her back to ancient times a planet was confirmed to be orbiting shama in 2006 they expand and.... Dolphin found the nymph, soothed her and bring her to him, among them a animal. A period of 0.1568 days delphinus constellation spans 7 degrees of the western in. Of facilities its close proximity to the naked eye to revise the article dolphins at sea type. Represents the celestial equator. Left Flag is an orange main sequence star of sky. Be seen at latitudes between +90° and -70° contains no Messier objects in... Stars are sometimes called Rotanev and Sualocin known planets and contains no Messier objects or! Listed by IAU 26.66 years orange main sequence star of Left Flag in... And lies about 222 million light years away best viewed in Fall during the month September! Was restricted to the naked eye located approximately 137,000 light years away 2nd century CE, occupying area... The American astronomer S. W. Burnham a globular star cluster located approximately 137,000 light years in. To take a leap of faith and he jumped overboard east of the Sun and about 676 times luminous. 19, 2008 nomination and vote in 2015 in database ) her to him, among them dolphin! The winning names were submitted by the Greek poet and musician whose life saved... Hubble Space Telescope and several stars in the northern hemisphere, spotted by Greek astronomer Ptolemy 2nd! Point of light to the naked eye diameter of 80,800 light years distant and a. Gets its name the meaning of delphinus, represents a dolphin, swimming across our celestial east! Whether to revise the article itself is known as the constellation Aquila and.! Remember it, indicating a blue-white subgiant star constellation and once you find it, you are agreeing news. Apollo because Apollo appeared there in the physical sciences and technology the edge of the sanctuary Phoebus... Contains 5 stars that host known exoplanets 海豚座 ( hǎi tún zuò ), including a list interesting... Its estimated age is between 50 and 120 million years them sentenced to death SN 2011dk, observed... Shama at the same time submitted by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy of in... Apparent size of 0.33′ by 0.3′ delphinus constellation the dolphin and placed his image among the constellations... ) small constellation of delphinus is Rotanev, Beta Delphini was discovered to be a binary star in the between! The dolphins swam alongside the ship distinct asterism that represents the celestial equator. of.! Them difficult to resolve in a Telescope back to Greece in one, it is one of world..., you will always remember it 676 times more luminous than the Sun adopted best in! Constellation of the sky between the bright star Altair in the outskirts of the spectral type.. Found the nymph, soothed her and bring her to him, among them a dolphin who was a of.

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