Its wood is hard and dark brownish-yellow. Wood Species in the Philippines - Mahogany, Acacia and Ash . Under the Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines, ownership of natural resources, including forests, rests with the State. From the organization of the Bureau of Forestry under the American regime in 1900 until 1941, the Philippine lumber and timber industry had a remarkable growth and development. Communal Forests and Pastures. FALCATA Falcata (Albizia) is a very fast grown Philippine plantation species which is mainly used for plywood core, and exported in quite big quantity for ply-board and packaging materials. Window sills are generally made of yakal. TOOG - Philippine Rosewood or Toog is a natural species which is currently no longer being harvested. In the Philippines, the national railways depend on such durable species as ipil, molave and yakal for sleepers, but as reserves of these species become more and more depleted their replacement by treated secondary species - if not by other materials than wood - looks like being the only solution. Under present laws and regulations, a reasonable quantity of timber is granted free for public works and to religious institutions. Forests of this type, found on high and very rough mountainous regions, are essentially protection forests. Before the outbreak of World War II, there were 3,688 ordinary hunting licenses and 22 special permits issued, as against 1,283 ordinary and 9 special hunting licenses and permits issued during the fiscal year 1947-48. Bangkirai wood is difficult to dry as it easily splits, checks, and deforms. This is the forest type in which members of the Dipterocarp family form the predominating timber species, about 75 percent by volume. To ensure natural reproduction and as a means of regulating the cut on permanent timberlands, diameter limits have been adopted, below which no cut is allowed. ft.) of logs shipped to Manila, representing a value of P44,804,383 in trade. Manila is the principal lumber and timber market for domestic consumption. The principal trees are talisai, Terminalia catappa; dapdap, Erythrina variegata var. Yakal wood block thickness stoppers were used corresponding to the actual board thickness in between the plywood plates. Yakal lumber is very much in demand by our builders. Eucalyptus Cladocalyx is a yellowish and very hard plantation species (can be sourced as FSC® Certifed) often used as replacement for Yakal and similar hard and durable species. DENSITY @ GREEN. Apitong is the most abundant of the heavier and stronger structural timbers of the dipterocarp family. It’s not quite as strong as oak, but it does still offer durability. Free use. Scientific Name: Pterocarpus soyauxii. Wood wool cement is a cheap and durable panel product for housing produced from mixed indigenous wood species and cement. At the beginning of the American occupation, investigation work of various kinds was started and carried on by the Bureau of Forestry, in some cases in co-operation with the Bureau of Science and other agencies. Beech is widespread in Northern Europe, and is used for anything from indoor furniture to flooring, doors and joinery. Tomorrow, we are launching yet ano, The Tropical Architecture For The 21st Century book series by BluPrint features contemporary houses designed by Southeast Asian architects for Southea, Blueprints for 2050 gives Filipinos a glimpse of our future built environment. 123.56 (g) MOE. Narra is reddish yellow to dark red. The wood seasons slowly with a high risk of distortion and checking; once dry it is moderately stable in service. Tapulau is not as important commercially as Benguet pine. Bangkirai is the Indonesian name for Yakal. Principal Timber Species. 5. They are not suitable for heavy structure and exposure to the weather, except when the structure is so made that water sheds off, as in shiplap or in the so-called rizal or rustic siding. Forest Improvement4. Most of the forest is of the tropical rain type, complex in its composition. Accounting, 1. The general work of forest reconnaissance, all forms of forest surveys, and preparation of forest maps are handled by this division. Mayapis (scientific name: Shorea palosapis) Also called Philippine mahogany, this is another large tree species that is indigenous to the Philippines. With the adoption of concrete foundations, even woods of moderate durability can be expected to last for many years. This wood is resistant to decay, which makes it particularly suitable for structures exposed to the weather. MOR. Acacia vs Eucalyptus wood. For field laboratories it uses the Bureau of Forestry nursery and plantations and the Makiling National Park of about 5,000 hectares. ft.) in logs or lumber. Public Relations2. Excellent for: furniture, surface finishes, small weapons, and outdoor constructions. Above high-tide limits are sandy beaches, where the original vegetation has been left undisturbed. Acer saccharum. Exposed to strong winds, the trees are mostly dwarfed and usually covered with mosses, liverworts, filmy ferns, and epiphytic orchids. Another type of high-density-fiberboard, MDL, has a core similar to MDF, but instead of wood veneer, it has a tough plastic material glued to both sides. Forest Surveys and Maps3. Narra wood planks is one of the most beautiful exotic tropical hardwoods available,highly durable ... Verde 1- 6 ,White Plains , Magallanes… Previous: price of decking in south africa COLOR. Working Plans2. The preparation of rules and regulations and proposed legislation, as well as the rendering of legal opinions, also come under its activities. Silvics & Silviculture2. ft.) of squared timber and 36,500 m3 ® (8,050,000 bd. Registered capital invested in the lumber industry represents a total of P49,642,029. We have many wood choices for beautiful and durable trellis, whether for indoor or outdoor applications. Easy to work Gamari timber saws easily and has only slight blunting effects on tools. This makes it durable and strong when used in furniture. Volume of production. Properly treated, apitong is the equal in durability of molave, dungon, Tarrietia sylvatica, ipil, and yakal for structures exposed to the weather and is superior to any of these for saltwater piling. One of the most beautiful types of wood, kamagong, is known for its color that ranges from dark brown to a deep black. Investigation work deals mostly with silvics and silviculture, growth and volume measurements of trees and unit areas, establishment of sample plots, study of the influence of forests upon soil, waterflow, and erosion; the identification and classification of trees and woods; study of the chemical, physical, and mechanical properties of wood; and studies on other forest products. Wood Information. Yakal wood … Considerable areas of virgin forests were also destroyed in the course of military operations. And, though its price runs about twice that of cypress or cedar, with proper treatment, outdoor projects made from ipe will long outlive these less-durable woods and may very well outlive you. The wood is too soft for satisfactory turning. Wood Species in the Philippines - Mahogany, Acacia and Ash . Of this amount, 348,800,000 board feet were of sawn lumber, the balance of 592,800,000 board feet in logs. Yakal is the name given to various Hopea and Shorea species from the Philippines, including Shorea astylosa. The yellow variety is more common and more readily obtainable than the red. Yakal is used for high-grade construction, bridges and wharves, mine timber, and other installations requiring high strength and durability. Reconstitution of this collection will take time, expense, and effort. Illegal clearings to alleviate the food shortage destroyed valuable forests. ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES: Windbreaks and good for soil erosion control. One or more renewals of a license may be granted, provided the combined number of years covered by the original license and its subsequent renewals shall not exceed 50 years. Prominent American foresters like Gifford Pinchot and Henry S. Graves, who visited the Islands, recommended the establishment of a school of forestry to train men for the forest service. 2.5 cm and 4 cm thick Bangkirai boards are kiln dried from 50% to 15% in respectively 6 and 9 days in a drying temperature of 43 degrees Centigrade to 71 degrees Centigrade and a relative humidity of 84% to 38%. Individuals may also be granted timber for their personal use. The red lauans include tangile, tiaong, Shorea teysmanniana, and true red lauan, which constitute the dark-red Philippine mahogany. In fact, furniture made with rattan can last much longer than furniture made from wood or contemporary pieces covered in leather or fabric. If molave and ipil are not available , yakal is used as posts. Rehabilitation of the lumber industry. All export lumber or timber must pass government inspection, using the Philippine grading rules or the National Hardwood Lumber Association grading rules of the United States. Of the classified land, 9,957,000 hectares are alienable and disposable lands certified to the Director of Lands as not needed for forest purposes for disposition under the Public Land Law; while 1,788,000 hectares is timberland under the protective and administrative jurisdiction of the Bureau of Forestry; 17,870,000 hectares, or 61 percent of the land area, remains to be classified. Available locally, redwood may be one of your best bets for a reasonably priced option easily available here. Before 1941, more than 23 tons of cinchona bark had been harvested and given to the Philippine Bureau of Science for the manufacture of totaquina. 17455.837 (g) % SHRINK. There is no need for chemicals to ensure that durability. As a result of the basic information gathered, operators with more capital were attracted to the industry. The number of forest stations in each district ranges from 1 to 12, depending on the extent of forest activities in the province. With additional mills under construction and the improvement in logging and sawmilling operations now in progress, output is expected to exceed a thousand million board feet next year. Its wood is known for its high level of strength and is used for constructing houses, bridges, and other structures requiring durable lumber. Filipino graduates of the Forest School have been employed in Borneo and requests for their services have been received from neighboring countries. Under a royal order of the Spanish administration in that year, constructive legislation and regulations were introduced, and investigations were begun, laying the foundation for forestry work in this country. The Division of Forest Investigation is in charge of the research work of the bureau, including the administration of experimental forest nurseries and plantations, plant introduction, and publication of the Philippine Journal of Forestry. Forest Products3. While the number of these sawmills exceeds that existing before the war, they are smaller mills. MDL is widely used in the cabinet industry and is durable, water-resistant and low maintenance. The imports consisted mainly of lumber and timber for special purposes. Under sustained-yield management, the forest could stand indefinitely a yearly cut of 32 million m3 ® (7,000 million bd. We supply a number of durable wood choices suitable for exterior usage. It planes to a smooth finish and polishes well. ... Yakal-yamban Shorea falciferoides ssp. TEAK – YAKAL – IPIL are all durable wood species for exterior applications, and we offer a number of other choices which … On 5 June 1948 the export quota was increased from 20 to 50 percent of production. Formerly, pasture lands on alienable and disposable areas were leased from the Bureau of Lands, and those in forest areas from the Bureau of Forestry. For the fiscal year 1947-1948, the total lumber output was 788 000 m3 (s) (334 million bd. Fisheries are handled by the newly created Bureau of Fisheries. From the lumberman's point of view, stands ranging from 100 to 200 m3 per hectare are sufficiently heavy to warrant the use of mechanical means of extraction. What Wood Will Termites Not Eat? The Dutch East Indies, China, Siam, India, and other countries have sent foresters to observe it in operation. About 40 liters of seed was flown from this plantation to America via Australia to start the American cinchona plantation in Costa Rica, which was well launched by the end of the war. The corresponding botanical specimens, however, were destroyed. ft.) of lumber, or a total of 446,000 m3 (s) (189,000,000 bd. High-Grade lumber, yakal can endure severe hot and cold weather conditions. This wood is resistant to decay, which makes it particularly suitable for structures exposed to the weather. Is yakal wood durable? At the outbreak of hostilities in the Pacific in December 1941, there were 163 sawmills with a combined daily capacity of 3,996 m3 (s) (1,693,000 bd. Long before this the Government had realized that forestation would solve the problem of wastelands. Before a forest is declared open for application, the area is first inspected by a forest officer, who reports to the Director of Forestry on such points as the following: The extent of forest area; the existing quantity of particular forest products; the maximum allowable quantity to be cut every year; and the method of development or exploitation feasible. The Spanish laws embraced far-reaching provisions in conservation and protection against human destruction and unwise utilization. ... Yakal-yamban Shorea falciferoides ssp. ; tindalo, Pahudia rhomboidea; ipil, Intsia bijuga; akle, Albizzia acle; and banuyo, Wallaceodendron celebicum. 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