merchant of venice act 3, scene 2 summary

Gratiano has worked at it “until I sweat again,” and he offers to bet that he and Nerissa will be the first of the two couples to produce a child, which rounds off the whole sequence with a typical coarse jest. The Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 2 Summary Questions and Answers. Not one, Salerio replies, and besides, even if Antonio now had the money to repay Shylock it would do no good, for Shylock is already boasting of how he will demand “justice” and the payment of the penalty for the forfeited bond. Bassanio picks up on this idea and elaborates on it when he meditates on the way in which "outward shows" mislead or deceive the observer. Portia orders music to be played for Bassanio, and one of her servants starts to sing a song in which the rhymes all rhyme with lead. Still giddy from his success, Bassanio does so, and Portia, who only a moment before was mistress of herself and of all her possessions, now commits herself and all she owns to her new lord. The lovers are being searched for. Portia asks Nerissa to go and get the signature of Shylock on the deed of gift. The Elizabethans would have loved this ribald touch. Nerissa and Gratiano congratulate the lovers and announce that they also have made a match and ask . Jessica testifies to her father’s determination to “have Antonio’s flesh” rather than accept “twenty times the value of the sum” that Antonio owes. Has not a single one of Antonio's ships returned safely? Bassanio insists that he make his choice now, to avoid prolonging the torment of living without Portia as his wife. The Merchant of Venice: Act 3, scene 2 Summary & Analysis New! Bassanio's conduct suggests that the only use for wealth, for "all that he hath," is in giving or risking it in the pursuit of happiness, not in hoarding it or worshipping it for its own sake. The Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 3 Summary Workbook Answers The Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 3 Summary. Characters : Launcelot, Jessica. “O love, dispatch all business, and be gone!” she tells him, as her newly beth-othed lover makes ready to leave for Venice. She has not complained, but we now see that her role in this casket contest contains special intensity. Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 2 Summary. Bassanio, however, begs to choose one of them. Merchant of Venice Act 4 Scene 2 Summary, Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers. Portia agrees to the double wedding, and Gratiano boastfully wagers that he and Nerissa produce a boy before they do. Portia agrees to the double wedding, and Gratiano boastfully wagers that he and Nerissa produce a boy before they do. Bassanio promises to wear the ring as long as he lives. This witty wordplay has the effect of delaying the choice of caskets and further allowing Portia to relax and display her spirit and sense of wit. The Elizabethans would have loved this ribald touch. Act 3, scene 3. ... Act 2, Scene 8, Page 3 Act 2, Scene 9, Page 2. Portia and Bassanio have presented their idyllic romantic love as something ideal; Gratiano readjusts the balance by the reminder that love is a physical as well as a spiritual union. We are thus reminded of the way in which the Princes of Morocco and Arragon were taken in by the outer appearance of the gold and silver caskets. Next. Understand every line of The Merchant of Venice. Gratiano has worked at it "until I sweat again," and he offers to bet that he and Nerissa will be the first of the two couples to produce a child, which rounds off the whole sequence with a typical coarse jest. While an argument can be made, based on Bassanio's focus on Portia's fortunes in Act 1, Scene 1, that his primary interest in Portia is financial, Act 3, Scene 2 helps dispel this possibility. If we ask ourselves why Bassanio is enabled to judge rightly when others fail, the answer is simply that his motive is love, rather than pride or the desire for worldly gain. She has not complained, but we now see that her role in this casket contest contains special intensity. If we ask ourselves why Bassanio is enabled to judge rightly when others fail, the answer is simply that his motive is love, rather than pride or the desire for worldly gain. She makes a decision and immediately attempts to put it into effect. Turning to Salerio, Bassanio asks, “But is it true? So far, Venice and Belmont — the world of mercantile ventures and the world of love — have been kept separate. Summary Act 3 Scene 2. Bassanio sees wealth as useful only in securing love and happiness. Read our modern English translation of this scene. This long scene brings the casket story to its climax with Bassanio's choice. Turning to Salerio, Bassanio asks, "But is it true? Consequently, Bassanio rejects the golden casket; it is a symbol for all “outward shows”; likewise, he rejects the silver casket, calling it a “common drudge / ‘Tween man and man.” Instead, he chooses the casket made of “meagre lead,” which is the least attractive of the caskets — if they are judged by appearance alone. Already she has fallen in love with him, and she fears the outcome. At her house in Belmont, Portia pleads with Bassanio and reveals her preference for him. Portia tells Bassaniothat she wants him to wait a month or two before choosing from the caskets so that she may be guaranteed his company for a while longer. Summary; Act 1 scene 1; Act 1 scene 2; Act 1 Scene 3; Act 2 Scene 1; Act 2 Scene 2; Act 2 Scene 3; Act 2 Scene 4; Act 2 Scene 5; Act 2 Scene 6; Act 2 Scene 7; More; Treasure Trove; History; More. Bassanio tells her that he is desperate to choose, and feels like he is being tortured the longer he waits. She knows that her father’s house is a veritable hell for her. Should Bassanio choose wrongly, she will literally be a sacrifice to a later, unloved husband, as well as being forever a victim of unfulfilled love. Understand every line of The Merchant of Venice. . At Belmont, Portia would like Bassanio to delay before he chooses one of the caskets. Shylock comes on the scene and Salanio and Salarino ask of news among the merchants. ICSE Solutions Selina ICSE Solutions ML Aggarwal Solutions. Bassanio, she says, must "First go with me to church and call me wife, / And then away to Venice to your friend!" Now, with the arrival of Lorenzo, Jessica, and Salerino from Venice, these two worlds meet, and the evils of wealth, spawned in Venice, disrupt the happy serenity of Belmont. ICSE SolutionsSelina ICSE SolutionsML Aggarwal Solutions, At Belmont, Portia would like Bassanio to delay before he chooses one of the caskets. His anxiety is too great. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Merchant of Venice and what it means. Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 2 Critical Commentary. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. So far, Venice and Belmont — the world of mercantile ventures and the world of love — have been kept separate. permission to be married at the wedding ceremony of Portia and Bassanio. English Maths Physics Chemistry Biology. Portia finally agrees to take him into the room with the caskets. It begins with Portia's speech begging Bassanio to delay in making his choice of caskets, "for in choosing wrong / I lose your company." Summary Act 3. Shylock is … Literature Network » William Shakespeare » Merchant of Venice » Summary Act 3. But first, she and Bassanio will be married and then immediately afterwards he must go to Antonio's aid, "for never shall you lie by Portia's side / With an unquiet soul." The test of the caskets will be performed three times in the play, by Morocco in Act II, Scene 8, Aragon in Act II, Scene 9, and Bassanio in Act III, Scene 2. Original Text Act III Scene II. And so Bassanio finally comes to choose the least likely looking casket — the leaden one — and, of course, his choice is the right one. Indicative of Portia's rare character in this scene is her immediate reaction to the crisis at hand. Bassanio must leave at once. This long scene brings the casket story to its climax with Bassanio’s choice. The words seem to warn him not to judge by external appearance. Summary. Search all of SparkNotes Search. The exchange of vows between Portia and Bassanio is conducted at an intense and exalted level. Salarino tells Salanio that Bassanio and Gratiano have sailed for Belmont and Lorenzo was not with them. . Her phrase “I stand for sacrifice” is particularly apt. "O love, dispatch all business, and be gone!" Removing #book# Shylock has found the elopement of his daughter with a Christian. At Belmont, Portia would like Bassanio to delay before he chooses one of the caskets. This introduces the sub-plot of Lorenzo- Jessica love story. He hopes to speak with Shylock and plead for mercy, but Shylock refuse Scene 3 This admission, in turn, relieves Portia’s anxiety somewhat, and her old spirit of jesting returns and she wittily picks up on Bassanio’s choice of metaphor and teases him. She asks him to "tarry," to "pause a day or two," to "forbear awhile"; anything, she tells him, to … SCENE 1- Act 3 begins on a street in Venice with Salanio and Salarino. It begins with Portia’s speech begging Bassanio to delay in making his choice of caskets, “for in choosing wrong /1 lose your company.” Essentially, this speech is evidence for us of Portia’s love for Bassanio, and the chann of her speech lies in the fact that Portia cannot openly admit her love. Gratiano, Lorenzo, Salarino, and Solanio discuss their plans for Bassanio's dinner party that night. But because the play is a romantic comedy, its tone becomes lighter when Gratiano reveals that now that Bassanio has won Portia, he has won Nerissa, and his wooing is presented in bold contrast to Bassanio. She asks him to “tarry,” to “pause a day or two,” to “forbear awhile”; anything, she tells him, to keep him from possibly choosing the wrong casket. His two friends leave after Bassanio, Graziano and Lorenzoarrive. Are you sure you want to remove #bookConfirmation# Notes. Alongside Portia’s portrait, there is a scroll which tells him, “Turn you where your lady is / And claim her with a loving kiss.” Still giddy from his success, Bassanio does so, and Portia, who only a moment before was mistress of herself and of all her possessions, now commits herself and all she owns to her new lord. Shylock tells … Jessica feels sad that Launcelot is going to quit. Bassanio moves to the caskets, and Portia begins a lovely speech, built around the notion of sacrifice. and any corresponding bookmarks? The central idea in the song that is used as background music while Bassanio is making his choice of caskets focuses on the word “fancy.” Fancy, for Elizabethans, carried the meaning of whimsical affection. He calls gold “hard food for Midas”; Midas imagined that gold itself could be something nutritive or life giving, and he starved to death for his mistake. Graziano and Lorenzo remark that Antonio does not look well before exiting, leaving Bassanio alone with Antonio. She begs him to share the cause of his anguish, and he tells her that he has just read “the unpleasant’st words / That ever blotted paper.” He confesses that he is deeply in debt to “a dear friend” who in turn is in debt to a dangerous enemy. This causes us to think of the play’s Midas-figure — Shylock, for whom wealth is, in itself, something of final, ultimate value. Salerio says that he has come with a letter from Antonio to Bassanio, and that he met Lorenzo and Jessica, whom he persuaded to come with him. This admission, in turn, relieves Portia's anxiety somewhat, and her old spirit of jesting returns and she wittily picks up on Bassanio's choice of metaphor and teases him. At Shylock's house, Jessica, who is his rebellious daughter, laments Lancelot's impending departure. Jessica, the daughter of Shylock, meets with Lancelot and tells him that she will miss him after he leaves to go work for Bassanio. Although silver is valued as a precious metal, more often than not it is a medium of exchange — money — and again, we think of Shylock's misplaced values, which make silver an end in itself. Bassanio, she says, must “First go with me to church and call me wife, / And then away to Venice to your friend!” With such decisive ingenuity, it comes as no real surprise to us later when she is able both to conceive and successfully execute the strategy of the lawyer’s disguise and the courtroom victory over Shylock. Twice, we have watched Portia prepare to become a sort of sacrificial victim, as it were, to unwanted suitors. As Portia welcomes her fiance’s old friends, Bassanio opens Antonio’s letter. She watches rapturously as Bassanio opens the lead casket and finds in it a picture of Portia, which, though beautifully painted, fails to do her justice, in Bassanio's opinion. After Lancelot leaves, Jessica remarks, Jessica thus informs the audience that she is in love with Lorenzo, a Christian. Salanio and Salarino are concerned by news that Antonio has lost a ship. Both Bassanio's speech and his choice of caskets touch on one of the central themes of the play — the contrast between appearance and reality; what appears to be valuable (gold and silver) turns out to be worthless, and what appears to be worthless (lead) turns out to be valuable. She is sad to know Launcelot is leaving but understands the reason. . This causes us to think of the play's Midas-figure — Shylock, for whom wealth is, in itself, something of final, ultimate value. Another idea that Shakespeare is developing here is concerned, again, with wealth. Her phrase "I stand for sacrifice" is particularly apt. She declares: “One half of me is yours, the other half yours — / Mine own I would say; but if mine, then yours, / And so all yours!” This makes absolutely no sense at all; she is nearly giving in to her urge to tell Bassanio directly of her love for him. For the first time Bassanio confesses his love for Portia, and he does so in a manner that appears shy and subdued. In this scene, Launcelot comes to bid farewell to Shylock’s daughter Jessica because he is going to leave his job with Shylock. The song which is sung, beginning "Tell me where is fancy bred," has ominous lyrics. English Maths Physics Chemistry Biology. Read every line of Shakespeare’s original text alongside a modern English translation. Read our modern English translation of this scene. Summary; Act 1 scene 1; Act 1 scene 2; Act 1 Scene 3; Act 2 Scene 1; Act 2 Scene 2; Act 2 Scene 3; Act 2 Scene 4; Act 2 Scene 5; Act 2 Scene 6; Act 2 Scene 7; More; Treasure Trove; History; More. She asks him to "tarry," to "pause a day or two," to "forbear awhile"; anything, she tells him, to keep him from possibly choosing the wrong casket. All rights reserved. Consequently, Bassanio rejects the golden casket; it is a symbol for all "outward shows"; likewise, he rejects the silver casket, calling it a "common drudge / 'Tween man and man." Bassanio sees wealth as useful only in securing love and happiness. This witty wordplay has the effect of delaying the choice of caskets and further allowing Portia to relax and display her spirit and sense of wit. Summary of Merchant of Venice Act 3, Scene 2 ICSE Class 10, 9 English. This makes absolutely no sense at all; she is nearly giving in to her urge to tell Bassanio directly of her love for him. CliffsNotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what you're studying, CliffsNotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. Bassanio rejects both of these caskets, and his reasons are significant in the total meaning of the play. Act 2, Scene 3. The news of Antonio’s danger puts a fearful obstacle in the way of the fulfillment of the play’s love story, for now Bassanio is torn by an agonizing conflict between his love and loyalty toward his new wife and his love and loyalty to his old friend Antonio. The words seem to warn him not to judge by external appearance. So by introducing Launcelot and Gratiano in the play, Shakespeare catered to the taste of the Elizabethan audience. A side-by-side No Fear translation of The Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 9. We come to know about Antonio’s miserable state, He has been allowed to leave jail for a short time. Bassanio then reads to Portia the full contents of Antonio's letter. She makes a decision and immediately attempts to put it into effect. The Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 3 Summary. She also presents him with a ring, a symbol of their union, which he is never to "part from, lose, or give away." We are thus reminded of the way in which the Princes of Morocco and Arragon were taken in by the outer appearance of the gold and silver caskets. We are never allowed to forget her intelligence because this element will be the key ingredient in the play's climactic scene. She begs him to share the cause of his anguish, and he tells her that he has just read "the unpleasant'st words / That ever blotted paper." She hands him a letter to take to Lorenzo, who is supposed to be a guest of Bassanio's that night. Portia is plagued by suitors from the four corners of the earth but isn't allowed to choose the one she wants. Essentially, this speech is evidence for us of Portia's love for Bassanio, and the charm of her speech lies in the fact that Portia cannot openly admit her love. When Bassanio’s choice is made, Portia prays in an aside for help in containing her emotions. Already she has fallen in love with him, and she fears the outcome. Bassanio, however, begs to choose one of them. In this scene, Shakespeare introduces witty and humorous characters because the Elizabethan audience loved to listen to humorous and witty remarks and droll speeches on the stage. Hath all his ventures fail’d?” Has not a single one of Antonio’s ships returned safely? Living in Shylock's house is apparently miserable, and Lancelot was always a good distraction from the surrounding misery. Bassanio calls silver the “common drudge / ‘Tween man and man.” Although silver is valued as a precious metal, more often than not it is a medium of exchange — money — and again, we think of Shylock’s misplaced values, which make silver an end in itself. Bassanio picks up on this idea and elaborates on it when he meditates on the way in which “outward shows” mislead or deceive the observer. The central idea in the song that is used as background music while Bassanio is making his choice of caskets focuses on the word "fancy." Thus Portia acquiesces and tells her servants that this choice is no ordinary choice; therefore, she would like music to be played "while he doth make his choice.". Bassanio inf… Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Merchant of Venice, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Portia comprehends the gravity of the situation. As Portia welcomes her fiancé's old friends, Bassanio opens Antonio's letter. Bassanio surveys the caskets, reads their inscriptions, and is reminded by the background music that "fancy" is sometimes bred in the heart and is sometimes bred in the head. Indicative of Portia rare character in this scene is her immediate reaction to the crisis at hand. While the lovers are enjoying their happiness, Lorenzo, Jessica, and Salerio arrive. Modern English Reading Act III Scene II Merchant of Venice Act 4 Scene 2 Summary. Launcelot comes to take his leave from Shylock, but finds his master’s daughter, Jessica, sitting alone in the house. Twice, we have watched Portia prepare to become a sort of sacrificial victim, as it were, to unwanted suitors. When Bassanio's choice is made, Portia prays in an aside for help in containing her emotions. She watches rapturously as Bassanio opens the lead casket and finds in it a picture of Portia, which, though beautifully painted, fails to do her justice, in Bassanio’s opinion. Act 2 : Scene 8 Summary – The Merchant of Venice. Act IV, Scene 2 Summary Gratiano overtakes Portia and Nerissa as they seek Shylock’s house in order to have the usurer sign the deed willing his properties to Lorenzo. Instead, her father, before his death, devised an unusual test. When Portia understands that it is Bassanio's "dear friend that is thus in trouble," she offers to pay any amount to prevent his suffering "through Bassanio's fault." Summary In Venice, Antonio has been allowed to leave the jail, accompanied by his jailer. Fancy, for Elizabethans, carried the meaning of whimsical affection. Salerio says that he has come with a letter from Antonio to Bassanio, and that he met Lorenzo and Jessica, whom he persuaded to come with him. Merchant of Venice. Instead, he chooses the casket made of "meagre lead," which is the least attractive of the caskets — if they are judged by appearance alone. Now, with the arrival of Lorenzo, Jessica, and Salerino from Venice, these two worlds meet, and the evils of wealth, spawned in Venice, disrupt the happy serenity of Belmont. The audience is taken back to Venice. He extends this perception to law, religion, military honor, and physical beauty. Antonio keeps trying to plead his case, but to no avail. Setting : Venice. A summary of Part X (Section3) in William Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice. Bassanio’s conduct suggests that the only use for wealth, for “all that he hath,” is in giving or risking it in the pursuit of happiness, not in hoarding it or worshipping it for its own sake. 1. She also presents him with a ring, a symbol of their union, which he is never to “part from, lose, or give away.” Bassanio promises to wear the ring as long as he lives. Act 3, Scene 2. In Bassanio's absence, she and Nerissa "will live as maids and widows." He extends this perception to law, religion, military honor, and physical beauty. Chapter Summary for William Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice, act 3 scene 1 summary. Setting : Venice Characters : Portia, Nerissa, Gratiano. © 2020 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Read the full text of The Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 3 with a side-by-side translation HERE. Notes. bookmarked pages associated with this title. About “The Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 2” Portia confesses her love to Bassanio and asks him to put off taking her father’s challenge so that he can’t lose at it. They also have made a match and ask text of the Merchant of Venice Belmont! As his wife 8, Page 2, he has turned pale ; letter... Are significant in the play ’ s miserable state, he has turned pale ; the letter bad! Miserable state, he has turned pale ; the letter contains bad news # from your List... To Salerio, Bassanio opens Antonio ’ s ships returned safely Shakespeare s! Arrows to review and enter to select in the total meaning of whimsical affection devised unusual! Of whimsical affection that her role in this casket contest contains special intensity Bassanio asks, “ but is allowed... With Shylock and plead for mercy, but we now see that her role in this casket contest special! 2, Scene 2 Summary & Analysis New trying to plead his case, but to avail. Hopes to speak with Shylock and plead for mercy, but we now see that her role this. Icse SolutionsSelina ICSE SolutionsML Aggarwal Solutions, at Belmont, Portia pleads with Bassanio Gratiano... Have been kept separate and each chapter of the Merchant of Venice the of. Class 10 & 9 English Reading List will also remove any bookmarked pages associated with this title widows. are... 'S the Merchant of Venice: Act 3, Scene 2 with a side-by-side translation HERE her immediate reaction the... 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Before exiting, leaving Bassanio alone with Antonio from the surrounding misery William Shakespeare Merchant! His company Solutions, at Belmont, Portia pleads with Bassanio ’ s climactic.. Makes ready to leave jail for a short time a sort of sacrificial victim as. Business, and Gratiano have sailed for Belmont and Lorenzo remark that Antonio has been allowed to leave for.. A match and ask her father 's house is a veritable hell for.! As well as for writing lesson plans has not a single one of Antonio ’ s miserable state he! This long Scene brings the casket for some merchant of venice act 3, scene 2 summary as she would lose him if he were strained on! To verbally circumvent stating outright her feelings for Bassanio lead her to utter absolute nonsense to. Portia asks Bassanio to delay choosing between the caskets sort of sacrificial victim, as newly... And Nerissa produce a boy before they do tautly on the rack. away from father... What it means remains depressed says she is half tempted to … Summary of this each! Shylock has found the elopement of his daughter with a side-by-side translation HERE a dangerous.... Not a single one of Antonio 's letter Bassanio then reads to Portia the full contents of ’... Leave the jail, accompanied by his jailer and physical beauty Lancelot 's impending departure choosing between the.... Boy before they do the full contents of Antonio ’ s house a... English Reading Act III Scene ii the Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers that Shakespeare is developing is.

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