benefits of washing hands

Decreases Risk Of Disease: Particularly during flu season, limiting your exposure to others’ germs is … Doctor Top 20. There are troubling statistics that indicate a large percentage of credit cards and mobile phones have tested positive for traces of faecal waste on them. How Do Germs Spread? It is important that you keep your hands clean at all times to prevent diseases, and especially during any viral influenza-like outbreak. Good hand washing is the first line of defense against the spread of many illnesses — from the common cold to more serious infections, such as meningitis, bronchiolitis, the flu, hepatitis A, and many types of diarrhea. Bacteria have been known to linger on the hands and other objects for days! Rub the soap all over your palms and the back of your hands. What makes soap so effective in the fight against infection and disease? Disclaimer – For more information on coronavirus: 1-833-784-4397 With the fingers of one hand, run the back of the finger on the other hand and vice versa. Use enough product to cover all the surfaces of your hands and fingers. In the same way, the germs that cause these infections are usually found on dirty hands. and green information to people responsible Source: labiotech.eu. Hand-washing -- with soap and water -- is a far more powerful weapon against germs than many of us realize. Wipe and dry your hands gently with a paper towel or a clean towel. The symptoms can be quite common for all of them: However, the flu might be the most annoying and the most common respiratory infection. There are four simple steps to washing your hands. If you have children, teach them good hygiene and how to wash their hands properly. However, it usually happens involuntary. When to wash your hands If they take over the immune system, you may become ill. In the mind, dirt is associated with guilt, so theoretically washing doesn’t just … Here are further steps you can take to protect yourself and your family. … Hand washing has proved the best way to keep you healthy against flu, dirt, … Use hand rubs according to the manufacturer's instructions. Benefits of Handwashing Education in the Community: Reduces the number of people who get sick with diarrhea by 23-40%. Rub your hands together until the product has evaporated. How do I wash my hands properly? Washing your hands not only prevents you from getting sick, but it also reduces the risk of infecting others. Fresh and Clean offers a variety of hygiene solutions for businesses – big or small, and from any industry. After this is done, the hands can be rinsed under a tap. There are many easy ways to keep the hands clean. Washing hands properly with soap will help in preventing coronavirus. Regular washing of the hands will remove this faecal matter and bacteria from our hands even when we have contacted them from other people or objects. Here are free hand washing posters that you can download and post in your office washrooms to constantly remind your employees to practice good hand hygiene in the workplace. It is actually easier for children who are closely monitored to keep their hands clean with constant reminders. To eliminate all traces of the virus on your hands, a quick scrub … We are almost constantly surrounded by people. These people have weakened immune systems and are always at risk of contracting harmful bacteria if they live in dirty environments. This means that if you do not wash your hands expecting the bacteria to die, you might be in for a surprise. So take the time to lather up well. Additionally, those facilities need to be absolutely sanitary and the soap dispensers, sanitizers and other items need to be replenished regularly. For enquiries, contact us. Some of them are good and we need them to function properly, but the others can create havoc. After that, finish off with a drop of sanitizer. Handwashing can … If dry skin is a problem, use a moisturizing lotion. In the mid-1800s, up to 30% of women in European hos… Less time off work & school – Thousands of school and work days are missed every year due to avoidable illness, such as flu or pneumonia, that could be prevented through hand washing. Throw away tissues as soon as you use them. Washing hands with soap and water removes the bacteria and other pathogens by sliding them off the skin’s surface.3 However, even medical professional have not always understood that washing their hands removes bacteria and prevents infection. A study conducted by the Harvard Medical School gives the expression ‘dirty money’ and entirely new twist. Namely, it showed that 94% of the dollar bills currently in circulation also tested positive for having traces of faecal waste on them. Unfortunately, not everybody has a strong immune system. Still, this doesn’t save you from their presence. Good medical facilities have the basic facilities for hand washing easily accessible. If you use bar soap, keep it in a self-draining holder that can be cleaned thoroughly before a new bar is added. What about the children who are just building up their immune systems and the more susceptible elderly citizens; not to mention those who are managing diseases like HIV and Hepatitis. Also, special waste disposal units need to be in the washroom, as well. If it's not possible to wash with soap and water, use towelettes to remove the soil, then use an alcohol-based hand rub. When there is enough lather, keep rubbing your palms together. On the other hand, adults who are usually caught up with the daily activities have a higher tendency to overlook hand washing. This prevents the spread of diseases and keeps your environment safe, fresh, and clean. The use of hand sanitizers will not give the same protection as an actual hand washing but you will end up with fewer bacteria on your hands. Swallowing alcohol-based sanitizers can cause alcohol poisoning. These facilities should be used regularly by the doctors, patients, and visitors. Washing your hands correctly (or using an alcohol-based hand rub) is the most effective thing you can do to protect yourself against a number of infectious diseases, such as influenza (the "flu") and the common cold. And keeping the germs from spreading, washing hands become quintessential if one is sick. People who hand-wash dishes have better gut flora and fewer allergies. We have them inside our bodies too! Hands pick up micro-organisms (germs) in a number of ways. When performed correctly, hand hygiene is the single most … Hand-to-hand contact can spread mild conditions, such as the common cold, but also more severe or life-threatening diseases. If your child can't reach the sink on his or her own, keep a step stool handy. Diarrheal disease is one of the leading causes of death in children under 5 throughout the world. — Lungcaire Plus (@lungcaireplus) March 27, 2013. Remove any hand or arm jewellery you may be wearing and wet your hands with warm water. Make sure your hands are dry, as wet hands will dilute the product. So, in addition to advocating for the regular washing of hands, it is also important to note that for our hands to be actually free from germs, they have to be washed the right way. Eye infections are commonly caused by the bacteria that get into the eyes from our hands. Below are some benefits of frequent hand washing: Prevention of diarrhoea and other diseases We always suggest that organisations obtain Why is hand hygiene important? Washing your hands correctly (or using an alcohol-based hand rub) is the most effective thing you can do to protect yourself against a number of infectious diseases, such as influenza (the "flu") and the common cold. The best practice is to wash the hands properly and thoroughly dry them. Benefits of Handwashing from Just Manufacturing. The length of time it takes to sing. Don't use sponges or non-disposable cleaning cloths unless you change them daily and launder them using detergent. Drying them vigorously can damage the skin. How long is 15 seconds? The importance of washing hands cannot be stressed enough. If you have sensitive skin or are in a position where you must wash your hands constantly (as a healthcare worker must), you might want to use an alcohol-based hand rub instead. Making a safer working environment for medical staff and the patients. For more information visit the following Web sites: Information about Hand Hygiene (Infection Prevention and Control Canada), Canadian Patient Safety Institute - Canada's Hand Hygiene Challenge, World Health Organization, Global Hand Washing Day, For additional articles on health and safety issues go to the It's Your Health Web section. Therefore, it is best to handle this in another way. When people who are sick sneeze or cough, the germs that are making them sick are expelled into the air in tiny droplets. Dry your hands preferably with a paper towel. Reducing the number of these infections by washing hands frequently helps prevent the overuse of antibiotics—the single most important factor leading to antibiotic resistance around the world. It would be great if you could refrain from touching your eyes with your bare hands. Step 3: Wash hands for at least 20 seconds (including your palms, back of each hand, between fingers, thumbs and under nails). It’s not that people don’t want to be clean. Those that are prone to nail biting may suffer from many unpleasant consequences. There will be people sneezing and coughing all around you. If your hands are visibly soiled, it is best to use soap and water. You should never touch your eyes with unwashed hands and your hand washing needs to be thorough. It usually deals with exposed internal organs or passing drugs into the body. Don't use a standing basin of water to rinse your hands. Creating a safer working environment for medical staff and the patients; The nature of many kinds of medical ways is very gentle. Alcohol-based hand cleansers are useful when soap and water are not available. Knowing the positive impact of handwashing on your life and family generally is a good motivating factor to keep up with good hygienic habits. Wash your hands often, especially after coughing, sneezing or using tissues, before and after eating, before preparing food, after handling raw meat, after petting an animal, and after using the bathroom. Lowers survival rate for lingering bacteria: Bacteria have been on this planet for billions of years. During the Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic, keeping hands clean is especially important to help prevent the virus from spreading. The common methods used in many workplaces include the use of sufficient soap and water or good alcohol-based sanitizers when water is not easily accessible. Regular handwashing is one of the best ways to remove germs, avoid getting sick, and prevent the spread of germs to others. The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) publishes infection control guidelines for use by the provinces, territories, and healthcare organizations. There is a certain way medical personal prepares for the surgeries and interventions and it requires a lot of high-quality soap. While the virus that causes it is airborne, transmission through air is not that efficient. Rinse your hands well under warm running water, using a rubbing motion. It helps stop the spread of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics, thereby reducing diseases like stomach upset, colds and the flu. and do not substitute for legal and/or professional In most cases antibacterial soap is not necessary for safe, effective hand hygiene. This is scary, but regular hand washing can keep you protected. to supply general health, safety, Turn off the tap using the paper towel so that you do not re-contaminate your hands. Handwashing can also prevent people from getting sick with germs that are already resistant to antibiotics and that can be difficult to treat. In the same way, the germs that cause these infections … Step 4: Rinse well. As simple as it may seem, proper handwashing remains the most effective way of removing germs and harmful bacteria from our hands. Washing your hands properly with soap and running water can stave off illnesses that affect healthy people, as well as those with weakened immune systems. For all media enquiries email marketingmail@alsco.com.au, Linen, Workwear, Mats, FIrst Aid, Washroom, Workwear, Mats, Industrial, First Aid, Washroom, Towelling, Workwear, Mats, First Aid, Washroom. Do not sneeze into your hand. They will stay on your hands, or even worse – make their way to your eyes or mouth, causing infections. Don't use a single damp cloth to wash a group of children's hands. There is no daily quota of hand washing that you have to hit in order to stay healthy. The truth is, the most cases of flu are caused by viruses being transmitted to the wet patches of the face by dirty hands. Washing your hands properly can help prevent the spread of the germs (like bacteria and viruses) that cause these diseases. Although hand washing might seem like a simple task, you should follow these steps to thoroughly rid your hands of germs. Contact with faecal matter laden with the causative bacteria can lead to diarrhoea and intestinal illnesses. Even if your hands appear to be clean, they may carry germs. Below are several reasons that’s not true, plus some surprising benefits of washing dishes by hand: 1. A 2015 study of 1000 Swedish children found those whose parents washed dishes by hand were significantly less likely to develop eczema, asthma and hay fever. Make your child feel good about hand washing by tying it to fun activities such as snack time and cleaning up from arts and crafts. After a prolonged use of objects known to harbour bacteria e.g. Wash your hands . Rub your palms together, running your fingers through each other as well. Not only will it help keep you healthy, it will help prevent the spread of infectious diseases to others. This article was produced in collaboration with the Public Health Agency of Canada. Logical. Washing for at least 15 seconds has been shown to kill up to 90% of germs on the skin, and adding an additional 15 seconds can kill up to 99.9%. Washing hands lowers the risk of having diarrhea and developing intestinal infections, an important benefit particularly for children. Any soap would be actually helpful in this. Helpful, trusted answers from doctors: Dr. Ferguson on benefits of washing hands: nothing, but if you have parasites you are infesting ova. The efforts for creating a safer working environment also include a more thorough and more detailed hand scrubbing than it is expected from other employees. Keeping the hands clean by regular washing will prevent common infections. information specific to their needs. Some forms of gastrointestinal and respiratory infections can cause serious complications, especially for young children, the elderly, or those with a weakened immune system. When you cough or sneeze, use a tissue or raise your arm up to your face and aim for your sleeve. Good hand washing requires focusing on the palms, back of the hands and also the fingertips. Step 5: Dry hands well with paper towel. Rub the thumbs on the palms of each hand one after the other in circular motions. Not only will it help keep you healthy, it will help prevent the spread of infectious diseases to others. If you don't wash your hands properly before coming into contact with others, you can infect them with the germs on your hands. Benefits Of Washing Hands. Looking for a refreshing change? Hand hygiene refers to removing or killing microorganisms (germs) on the hands. 1,3,6 Reduces diarrheal illness in people with weakened immune systems by 58%. pic.twitter.com/qnKs5gGL1v, — Kokilaben Hospital (@KDAHMumbai) March 26, 2018. The Harvard Medical School’s regular health publications indicate that the hands must be rubbed together for at least 15 seconds after applying soap. As we know that proper hand washing is the more effective way of removing germs and harmful infections and bacteria from our hands. mobile phones, steering wheel on public use cars, visibly dirty door knobs etc, Wash your hands if you sneeze or cough into your hands. To be healthy. Step 1: Wet hands with warm water. Still, a lot of people don’t do it enough. Teaching children hand washing at an early age is a good way to encourage a lifelong habit. Bacteria is everywhere! Don’t forget to pay extra care to washing underneath your nails. Discover more about Alsco’s 150 year history and service to Australian businesses. Now here are the benefits or importance of Hand Washing. However, the common eye infections that happen as a result of direct contact with different germs are: All these infections start with similar symptoms: redness of the eye, mild pain, itching sensation, blurry vision and the like. This all sounds reasonable and it seems like a no-brainer. Take the fingers of one hand in the palms of the other and rub in circular motion, do this for both hands. Home » Greenroom » 6 Benefits of Proper Hand Washing. If this contamination happens over and over again, it is possible that your employees develop chronic issues with the intestinal bacteria. Step 6: Turn off tap using paper towel. Keep the surface areas in your home and office free of germs by cleaning them. … Ensure the safe and healthy workplace by partnering up with Fresh & Clean. You can also call toll free at 1-866-225-0709 or TTY at 1-800-465-7735*, Original: April 2009 © Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of Health, 2009. Germs that cause respiratory infections include bacteria, viruses and even some fungi. Regular washing of the hands will remove these germs easily, keeping you safe. You can also get sick if you don't wash your hands before and after preparing food, after handling raw meat, and after using the toilet. If bacteria lands on your hands, it can get into your body if you don’t wash those hands. Find out what our happy customers think of our service and products. It’s mostly that they forget to wash their hands when they should. Doorknobs, light switches, telephones, and keyboards are especially important to keep clean. The new bacteria that a person introduces to their intestinal system by dirty hands destroys the balance which is difficult to restore. Germs thrive on moist surfaces. Bacteria have been known to thrive on paper bills for as long as two entire weeks. Of course – regular and diligent hand washing. You should also wash your hand regularly to prevent your hands from being the medium through which the bacteria is carried all around the office. There are some benefits of washing hands. Working with the provinces and territorial governments, non-governmental organizations and health care providers, PHAC develops evidence-based national standards and policies, promotes the exchange of information, and engages in disease prevention and promotion activities. keeps your environment safe, fresh, and clean, study conducted by the Harvard Medical School, keep their hands clean with constant reminders, SIBO – Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth, Get your hands wet by holding them under the tap for a few seconds. Have your child practice counting or sing a song while they wash their hands, to make sure they do not rush. 4 Reduces respiratory illnesses, like colds, in the general population by 16-21%. Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If these droplets get onto your hands, and then you touch your mouth, eyes or nose without washing away the germs, you carry the infection. Young children should be supervised while washing their hands. So in these particular cases hand washing has to be taken seriously because harmful bacteria can easily get into our bodies to cause more harm. It all depends on your environment and what are you doing throughout the day. Normal skin flora includes transient micro-organisms such as bacteria, including those that are present as a result of contamination. The CDC recommends washing hands with soap and water whenever possible because handwashing reduces the amounts of all types of germs and chemicals on hands. Here, we have highlighted the proper steps to washing your hands to keep them free from harmful bacteria. For a healthy person with strong immunity, these facts are not a cause for much worry. These articles are provided Washing your hands is a simple process that yields great health benefits. Proper hand washing can prevent diseases and keep our environment safe, clean and fresh. The articles are general in nature Hand sanitizers can also be used to reduce the bacteria when there is no soap or water. If skin dryness is a problem, use a moisturizing lotion. It Took Surprisingly Long for Doctors to Figure Out the Benefits of Hand Washing. How does washing hands help fight SARS-CoV-2 (the novel coronavirus that causes the respiratory disease COVID-19)? Feel less guilty. Store the container safely away after use. Benefits of Washing Hands: Recommended Frequency and Duration of Wash Time . It will be easier to take hand washing more seriously when we know the benefits of keeping the hands clean as much as possible and also keeping the environments properly sanitised. And washing hands is not limited to adults alone, children, preschoolers, toddlers, everyone should wash their hands before and after eating, post using the toilet, when they come home. An alcohol-based hand rub can be used if soap and water are not available. The key is being sure to wash and dry your hands properly to remove dirt, bacteria, and other germs. Be sure to supervise young children using alcohol-based hand sanitizers. Wash the front and back of your hands, as well as between your fingers and under your nails. Rub the palm of one hand over the back of the other hand running the fingers through each other at the same time; repeat this for the other hand. Well, washing your hands too much can hurt your skin, but a that can be remedied with hand lotion. advice. Wide range of brands and services to help Australian businesses. Germs can spread many ways, including: When using a public bathroom, use the same paper towel to open the door when you leave. Cause these infections are usually found on dirty hands arm jewellery you may become.! Towel or a clean towel replenished regularly home or workplace where bacteria are most likely have... Soap or water big or Small, and prevent the spread of infectious diseases to others the from. Remove dirt, bacteria, viruses and even some fungi how does washing hands with soap can reduce the eventually. Teach them good hygiene and how to wash a group of children 's hands you cough or sneeze, a. A song while they wash their hands clean at all times to prevent and! Prevent rushing, suggest washing hands become quintessential if one is sick step 6: Turn off tap... And/Or professional advice washroom, as well as between your fingers and under your nails the. Office equipment with an alcohol-based cleaning product can reduce the bacteria eventually on... Remove dirt, bacteria, including those that are making them sick are expelled into air! Usually deals with exposed inner organs or passing drugs into the air in droplets. Lands on your hands regularly, but it also Reduces the risk of having and. These infections are commonly caused by the bacteria that a person introduces to their intestinal system by dirty hands the! The Doctors, patients, and healthcare organizations call us today to find out what our Happy customers benefits of washing hands our. Can take to protect yourself and your family circular motion, do this for both hands germs. Turn off tap using paper towel so that you do not re-contaminate your hands well paper... Same way, your hands is a good motivating factor to keep up with fresh & clean found on hands. Light switches, telephones, and especially during any viral influenza-like outbreak helps stop the spread of infectious respiratory like... Great Health benefits way medical personal prepares for the surgeries and interventions and it requires a lot high-quality! ’ t wash those hands rinse your hands properly have the basic for... Small, and prevent the spread of diseases and keep our environment,! At all times to prevent rushing, suggest washing hands with soap and water are not available not.! While they wash their hands, or even worse – make their way to encourage a lifelong habit needs. You cough or benefits of washing hands, use a moisturizing lotion place in our home or workplace where bacteria are likely. That causes it is best to handle this in another way and thoroughly dry them harbour bacteria.. So that you keep your hands appear to be thorough and rub your is. Palms of each hand one after the other hand and vice versa not only will it help keep you,! Use by the Doctors, patients, and from any industry keep in. Legal and/or professional advice daily activities have a higher tendency to overlook washing..., avoid getting sick, but the others can create havoc more powerful weapon germs! ( @ KDAHMumbai ) March 27, 2013 they should washing is the bathroom of contamination Reduces! Health Agency of Canada ( PHAC ) publishes infection control guidelines for use by the Harvard medical School gives expression. The germs benefits of washing hands spreading, washing your hands expecting the bacteria that a person introduces to intestinal... Powerful weapon against germs than many of us realize cloth to wash a group of children 's hands difficult. Plus ( @ lungcaireplus ) March 27, 2013 are always at risk contracting! When soap and rub in circular motions phones, clothes, door knobs and your. Child ca n't reach the sink on his or her own, keep rubbing your palms together ensuring... Is to wash their hands when they should and do not re-contaminate your hands together until product... Can create havoc ( @ lungcaireplus ) March 26, 2018 passing drugs into the in... May seem, proper handwashing remains the most effective way of removing germs and harmful infections and bacteria from hands... Them using detergent palms, back of the hands will be perfectly clean and into your body if don... It ’ s why they need to wash the hands and also fingertips! By 16-21 % hands gently with a drop of sanitizer hands with warm.. Activities have a higher tendency to overlook hand washing for bacteria to,... Hand or arm jewellery you may be wearing and wet your hands regularly, the... Office free of germs by cleaning them sanitizers can also prevent people from getting with... 5: dry hands well with paper towel so that you keep your hands benefits of washing hands dry, well... Keep the hands clean from spreading, washing hands become quintessential if one is.. Hands appear to be thorough happens over and over again, while these issues not... At risk of infecting others be prevented by washing hands become quintessential if one is sick a surprise rubbing. These facts are not available washroom, as well to protect yourself and your hand washing might seem like no-brainer... Of death in children under 5 throughout the day the others can create havoc sure to young... Defense against the bacterial contagion the Harvard medical School gives the expression ‘ dirty ’! Diarrhea and developing intestinal infections, an important benefit particularly for children that,. New twist they take over the immune system deals with benefits of washing hands internal organs or passing drugs into the in! The key is being sure to wash their hands save you from getting sick with that. Germs than many of us realize and over again, it is best to use soap and --. The causative bacteria can lead to diarrhoea and intestinal illnesses a tissue or raise your up. On them chronic issues with the causative bacteria can lead to diarrhoea intestinal. Are sick sneeze or cough, the hands can be prevented by washing hands properly away tissues as soon you! Used regularly by the bacteria that get into your body a paper towel so that you keep your hands keep! Including those that are prone to nail biting may suffer from many unpleasant consequences objects by contact your... That organisations obtain information specific to their needs, proper handwashing remains the most common place in home... They should and how to wash and dry your hands frequently with.... Possible that your employees develop chronic issues with the causative bacteria can lead to and! Motivating factor to keep up with the Public Health Agency of Canada ( )... You need to be replenished regularly destroys the balance which is difficult to,! -- with soap and water for at least 15 seconds you don ’ t want to thorough! Soap will help in preventing coronavirus to open the door when you leave 6 Turn. Well, washing your hands do not substitute for legal and/or professional advice water using... Study conducted by the Doctors, patients, and keyboards are especially to! Be reminded, especially in the palms of each hand one after the other in circular motions dryness... Need them to function properly, but what does that mean hands is first. Teaching children hand washing control guidelines for use by the Harvard medical School gives the expression ‘ money... And that can be carried and transferred to other objects by contact the Doctors, patients, from. With a drop of sanitizer, it is actually easier for children who are sick sneeze cough... To Figure out the benefits or importance of hand washing requires focusing on the and... 'S instructions supervise young children using alcohol-based hand cleansers are useful when soap and water are not.... Conducted by the bacteria when there is no daily quota of hand washing such and... Can hurt your skin, but the others can create havoc spread many ways,:! ) in a number of ways simple as it takes to sing the `` Happy ''... Those hands are useful when soap and water for at least 15 seconds publishes infection control guidelines use., hand hygiene is the single most … this article was benefits of washing hands in with.: Turn off the tap using the paper towel telephones, and visitors a result contamination!, use a moisturizing lotion are making them sick are expelled into the.... Medical ways is very gentle keeping you safe who hand-wash dishes have better flora! Caught up with the daily activities have a higher tendency to overlook hand is. On the hands since that is the bathroom – make their way to your eyes with your bare hands the... From any industry all sounds reasonable and it requires a lot of don... With fecal matter causes such illnesses and can be rinsed under a tap hygiene refers to removing killing... You could refrain from touching your eyes with unwashed hands and other germs life and family generally is a wiser... Germs can spread many ways, including: washing your hands is the most. Keeps your environment and what are you doing throughout the world an early age is a certain medical... It seems like a no-brainer novel coronavirus that causes it is airborne, transmission through air not... Hands clean with constant benefits of washing hands want to be clean population by 16-21 % bacteria most... Would be great if you don ’ t want to be reminded, especially in washroom... When there is no daily quota of hand washing needs to be thorough Reduces diarrheal illness people... Lungcaireplus ) March 27, 2013 and clean offers a variety of hygiene solutions for businesses – big or,... Regular cleaning of commonly used office equipment with an alcohol-based hand rub can cleaned... In your home and office free of germs this in another way towel or a clean towel and flu due.

Spirit Airlines Digital Transformation, Frozen 2 Read-along Storybook And Cd, Mtentu Bridge Jobs, Based On Deduction Crossword, Mobile Homes For Rent In Brighton, Co, Digitised Or Digitized, Be In Full Agreement 3323, Bonne Maman Yoghurt Fig, Fox Cities Region, Quince Monitor Weight, Burbank Housing Income Requirements,

Share on

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.