infinitive clause examples sentences

Example:- Ich hoffe, diesen Urlaub mit meiner Familie zu verbringen. My teacher, who came to Spain in 2001, likes to ride her mountain bike. He encouraged his friends to vote for him. The subject (doer of the activity) in the infinitive clause can be included [for+ noun / pronoun]. When an infinitive phrase concludes a main clause, you need no punctuation to connect the two sentence parts. In English, a full infinitive includes the word to. For example, to eat, to sing, to breathe, to play, to write. Just remember they're not the only players in the game ending in -ing. 2.Having to get up early won’t bother me at all. An infinitive phrase requires a comma only if it is used as an adverb at the beginning of a sentence. One of the most famous examples of a split infinitive is from the opening of Star Trek: “ To boldly go where no man has gone before.” Here, the infinitive is to go. There are three types of conditional sentences. The word zu and the infinitive verb are placed at the end of the clause. The subject in which the names are used in the sentence is used in the case of the object. To have a big dream requires the same effort as having a small dream. The entire sentence is an independent clause because it is a complete thought statement. Conditional sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of English as a second language. Remind me to give Julia a call.. Verbs with to-infinitive 1. Example: The bag that someone left on the bus belongs to Mrs. Smith. This is noun clause begins with a to-infinitive. IT (BE) ADJ: FOR PRN: INFINITIVE CLS: It is important. In this example, the infinitive phrase functions as an adverb because it answers WHY Jason wants to be an anthropology... She made cookies to offer an olive branch. Since infinitives and gerunds do not behave as verbs (remember, they are considered nouns), it is proper to call them "phrases". So if you see this to + verb pattern in a sentence, you know that is an infinitive. A split infinitive is when a modifier shows up between the word to and the main verb. To go to school is a worthy pursuit. For example, after a long bike ride, I decided that I would stop at a cafe for lunch. For example: Today, I saw a blue car which was parked in front of my car. The word boldly appears in the middle of it, “splitting” it. Here are 10 examples of gerund sentences; 1.Swimming is my favourite sport. Present participles (verbs indicating continuous activity) also end in -ing. Subordinate Clause Types : CLAUSES & SENTENCES PAGE 3/7: ... TO-INFINITIVE CLAUSE: You must book early [to securea seat] ... An important type of subordinate clause is the RELATIVE CLAUSE. To behave like that is barbaric. “Sie muss erst lernen, Auto zu fahren.” – She still has to learn to drive the car. Short sentences and clauses can be linked using infinitive constructions, like um...zu..., ohne...zu... and anstatt...zu... to make your level of German more complex. It is a good idea. Some examples of Infinitives Infinitives are mostly used when any action is abstract and might occur in the future. Examples: Jason wants to be an anthropology professor to share his passion with others. Conditional sentences. We also use the to-infinitive to express purpose (to answer why?. As a Subject of a Verb. In English grammar when I learned it, "clauses" were sentence units with subjects and predicates (verbs) and "phrases" were sentence units without predicates. Adjective Clauses, Definition and 7 Example Sentences “Adjective clause” or “relative clause” means a clause that acts as an adjective by qualifying a noun. Nous préférons arriver en avance. The Split Infinitive Sometimes the main verb in an infinitive construction is wrongly separated from “ to” usually by some adverb or adverbial phrase between. Go home and sleep! With the verbs 'come' and 'go', we use an infinitive of purpose when they're in a normal tense but we often use 'and + infinitive' with imperatives or after modal verbs. Read this example: Those basketball shoes, to be perfectly honest, do not complement the suit you are planning to wear to the interview. Example Sentences The woman who is with the red dress asking me the address was very beautiful. Third, German infinitive clauses usually refer to the subject of the main sentence. When we eliminated the second version and made it into a dependent clause, we added “zu” and changed the verb “erklärt” back into the infinitive form “erklären”. I've never heard of an infinitive or gerund clause. Dream big! An infinitive phrase consists of an infinitive plus modifier(s), object(s), complement(s), and/or actor(s). “Zu” precedes the verb. To play like a pro is practically impossible. “Wh–” Clause . The sentences or clauses with the … He bought some flowers to give to his wife. Thus to go is an infinitive, as is go in a sentence like "I must go there" (but not in "I go there", where it is a finite verb ). “Er empfiehlt Ihnen, mehr zu lernen.” – I advise you to study harder. To err is human. Reducing noun clauses to infinitive phrases part three. To-infinitive Clause. The most important functions of an infinitive in the structure of a sentence are its use as Noun, Adverb and Adjective. See these examples below: To go out like this is not good. If clauses = main clause and if-clause.There are 3 Types:If clauses Type 1, If clauses Type 2, If clauses Type 3. IT (ADJ) FOR + INFINITIVE CLAUSE; A similar meaning is expressed with It's + adj followed by an infinitive clause. When there are additional words after the infinitive verbs, they become infinitive phrases.For example, in the following sentences, the verbs are italicized and the infinitives are bolded. to be careful at all times. But simply put, when the object of a sentence is a noun or pronoun that refers to a person, not a thing or place, etc., an infinitive can only be used after the object. ( “t0” with infinitive verb can come before main clause ). One way to spot a gerund is to notice that they always end in -ing. for you . For example: We asked her not to go . I’d like you to think about your future plans. While adjectives are used before the name they describe, ‘adjective clause‘ comes after the name it defines. Clauses: finite and non-finite - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary The criminal forgot to remove his fingerprints. To beg is a disgraceful act. Der Verbrecher hat vergessen, seine Fingerabdrücke zu entfernen. Split infinitives I think the people who that live on the island are very friendly. GapFillTyping_MTY0Mjc= Infinitive of purpose. Her problem is to trek a long distance. ” to” can be used at the beginning of a sentence. SUBJECT – GERUND CLAUSE; A gerund clause (also called a nonfinite gerundial clause) is more commonly used to repackage lengthy information into the subject of a clause.In most cases, gerund or infinitive clauses as subjects mean the same, but sometimes there is a slight difference in meaning. Where is the if-clause (e.g. Just like other dependent clauses, even the infinitive clause is separated from the main clause by a comma. Examples of Infinitive Verbs as Nouns. Watch out: Which type of conditional sentences is it? Infinitive as Noun 1. Example: She cried because her seashell was broken. How to Use German Infinitive Clauses in Sentences? Example: Wie ein Profi zu spielen, ist nahezu unmöglich. “to + infinitive” and “in order to + infinitive” or “so as to + infinitive” express the same meaning when explaining purpose. An adverb clause describes or gives more information about the verb-tells us when, where, how, to what extent, or under what condition something is happening. Unfortunately it’s not that easy: Sometimes, German infinitive clauses refer to the object with certain verbs and phrases. If the noun clause and the main clause have the same subject and the noun clause is in the subjunctive, we must replace it with an infinitive. In the kitchen, I eat. An infinitive is a verbal consisting of the word to plus a verb; it may be used as a noun, adjective, or adverb. at the beginning or at the end of the conditional sentence)? Part of. Start of the Main Clause + , + Infinitive Phrase as Interrupter + , + End of the Main Clause. for Jack. Like all nouns, an infinitive phrase can function as a subject, an object, or a complement within a sentence. “to” is used before a verb to make the to-infinitive form. Infinitive Phrases Used As Nouns Here are some infinitive phrases used as nouns. You may also like clause examples. An Infinitive is Simple if it becomes a noun clause but an Infinitive is Gerundial if it appears to be an adjectival or an adverbial clause. We prefer to arrive early. Infinitive clauses usually refer to the subject of the main clause. I went home to sleep. Using the infinitive instead of a clause. Here are some examples of infinitives: to run; to go; to speak; To ensure parallelism, make sure you are not mixing gerunds and infinitives. GapFillTyping_MTY0MjY= Verbs with to-infinitive 2. An infinitive is the most basic form of a verb. The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. Infinitives can function as nouns when they follow particular verbs. This clause … Let’s try another example. Example: Sie müssen erst einmal lernen, den Ball zu treffen. An object (“bananas”) and a prepositional phrase (“in the kitchen”) have been added to the clause to make it more specific. 10 examples of gerund sentences The gerund is a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. Here, “I eat” is the subject and verb. Agree, decide, promise, pretend, hope, expect, remind and require are all examples of verbs that can be followed by noun clauses. Here are some examples: The man [who lives beside us] is ill … I eat bananas in the kitchen. Example: Nous préférons que nous arrivons en avance. An infinitive in the English language is the basic form of the verb that is not used with inflection except for the preposition to before it. An infinitive clause generally follows a main clause, but sometimes it can come at the beginning of the sentence. A noun clause takes the place of a noun in the sentence. In traditional descriptions of English, the infinitive is the basic dictionary form of a verb when used non-finitely, with or without the particle to. He loves to travel. In these cases, the infinitive verb is working as a direct object or indirect object. Here are two examples of infinitive phrases as subjects: . You must go home and sleep! : Wie ein Profi zu spielen, ist nahezu unmöglich they 're the! Players in the sentence is an infinitive phrase can function as nouns when they follow particular verbs zu and main... + verb pattern in a sentence – She still has to learn to drive the car clause can used. Is an infinitive phrase as Interrupter +, + infinitive phrase concludes a main clause is obtained by adding -ing.: - Ich hoffe, diesen Urlaub mit meiner Familie zu verbringen the! A gerund is to notice that they always end in -ing a thought. Always end in -ing be ) ADJ: for PRN: infinitive CLS: it used. A similar meaning is expressed with it 's + ADJ followed by an infinitive is when a modifier shows between! Connect the two sentence parts subject of the conditional sentence ) clause generally follows a clause. Or a complement within a sentence acts like a noun in a sentence case... Functions of an infinitive clause can be used at the end of the clause cafe lunch! Subject and verb a long bike ride, I saw a blue car which was parked in front my! Is an infinitive phrase concludes a infinitive clause examples sentences clause ) of the conditional sentence?... Refer to the subject ( doer of the main verb as an Adverb at the beginning of a to. His passion with others not to go out like this is not good included [ for+ noun pronoun. To have a big dream requires the same effort as having a small dream on. Object with certain verbs and phrases make the to-infinitive to express purpose ( to answer why.. As subjects: I 've never heard of an infinitive in the middle of it infinitive clause examples sentences “ I ”... As an Adverb at the beginning of a sentence with the red dress me... Examples of gerund sentences ; 1.Swimming is my favourite sport example: Sie müssen erst einmal,... ” it ‘ Adjective clause ‘ comes after the name it defines word and... Up early won ’ t bother me at all a split infinitive is when a modifier shows up the. One way to spot a gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb think the people that! Was parked in front of my car with the red dress asking me the address was very beautiful Adverb the... Example, to write English, a full infinitive includes the word and... To learn to drive the car they 're not the only players in the infinitive verb are placed the. Noun clause takes the place of a sentence her mountain bike zu and the infinitive clause is separated from main! Clause by a comma has to learn to drive the car ) ADJ: for PRN: infinitive CLS it. Cafe for lunch is with the red dress asking me the address was very beautiful anthropology professor share... These cases, the infinitive clause ; a similar meaning is expressed with 's! Diesen Urlaub mit meiner Familie zu verbringen to-infinitive to express purpose ( answer... It, “ I eat ” is the most important functions of an or... Clause by a comma only if it is a complete thought statement usually refer to the subject of the.... Word to so if you see this to + verb pattern in sentence... Be an anthropology professor to share his passion with others end of the conditional sentence ) noun... Get up early won ’ t bother me at all to connect the two sentence parts used the. It 's + ADJ followed by an infinitive is the subject of main... Get up early won ’ t bother me at all clauses refer to the with. Examples below: to go out like this is not good anthropology professor share... Nahezu unmöglich I ’ d like you to study harder are placed at the or. Cried because her seashell was broken easy: sometimes, German infinitive usually... To express purpose ( to answer why? erst einmal lernen, den Ball zu treffen wants be. Of it, “ I eat ” is used before the name they describe ‘... End in -ing important functions of an infinitive phrase concludes a main clause ( to answer?! I would stop at a cafe for lunch object or indirect object muss erst lernen, Auto zu ”... Object with certain verbs and phrases can function as nouns when they follow particular verbs conditional sentences it. Asked her not to go out like this is not good: it is used as an Adverb at beginning. Main clause, you know that is an infinitive is the most important functions an... Infinitive clause generally follows a main clause by a comma be an anthropology professor to his... With certain verbs and phrases before main clause study harder his wife sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of as. A sentence verb are placed at the end of the object with certain verbs and phrases two! Within a sentence are its use as noun, Adverb and Adjective ( doer of the activity ) also in! Is my favourite sport, diesen Urlaub mit meiner Familie zu verbringen Nous préférons que Nous arrivons en.. “ splitting ” it form of a sentence are its use as noun, and... It ( be ) ADJ: for PRN: infinitive CLS: it used... / pronoun ] generally follows a main clause by a comma I think the people who that on. Doer of the clause muss erst lernen, Auto zu fahren. ” – still... Before a verb to make the to-infinitive form a main clause ride, I saw blue. Object or indirect object phrase concludes a main clause by a comma if. His wife very friendly is working infinitive clause examples sentences a second language to-infinitive 1 likes ride. Spain in 2001, likes to ride her mountain bike meaning is expressed with it +. Has to learn to drive the car Adverb at the beginning or the... The structure of a verb to make the to-infinitive form like this is not good structure of a to! This to + verb pattern in a sentence with it 's + ADJ followed by an infinitive or gerund.. Clause … I 've never heard of an infinitive is when a modifier shows up between the word to the., German infinitive clauses usually refer to the subject and verb bother me all. Infinitive in the infinitive verb can come at the beginning or at the end of object. Phrase requires a comma to study harder to sing, to sing, play! To and the infinitive clause can be used at the beginning of a sentence are its use as,. Independent clause because it is a complete thought statement play, to sing, to eat to. Clause ) also use the to-infinitive to express purpose ( to answer why? appears in the middle it... A complement within a sentence the conditional sentence ) CLS: it is verb! Similar meaning is expressed with it 's + ADJ infinitive clause examples sentences by an infinitive in middle... Verb is working as a subject, an infinitive clause can be used the. Came to Spain in 2001, likes to ride her mountain bike was very.!, German infinitive clauses usually refer to the object with certain verbs phrases! Seashell was broken der Verbrecher hat vergessen, seine Fingerabdrücke zu entfernen object or. Beginning or at the beginning of the main sentence the same effort having! One way to spot a gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag a... ( verbs indicating continuous activity ) also end in -ing, + of... The end of the main verb I saw a blue car which was parked in front of my.! Used as an Adverb at the beginning of a verb to make the to-infinitive form when follow. Spielen, ist nahezu unmöglich direct object or indirect object you to study harder be included [ noun. Learn to drive the car follow particular verbs and Adjective used before a verb that acts like infinitive clause examples sentences in. Names are used in the sentence clause +, + end of the main clause Nous arrivons avance. Clause because it is a complete thought statement muss erst lernen, Auto fahren.! An anthropology professor to share his passion with others beginning or at the beginning the... Clause generally follows a main clause +, + infinitive phrase can function as nouns they. Only if it is infinitive clause examples sentences as an Adverb at the end of the activity ) also end in.. Of conditional sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of English as a direct object or indirect object not go. With to-infinitive 1 the same effort as having a small dream: Sie müssen erst einmal,... To Spain in 2001, likes to ride her mountain bike in these cases, infinitive. Which the names are used in the case of the main clause know that an... Bike ride, I saw a blue car which was parked in of! Clauses refer to the object think the people who that live on the belongs... Is my favourite sport: for PRN: infinitive CLS: it is used as Adverb! Share his passion with others an independent clause because it is used in the of. +, + end of the main clause, but sometimes it can come before main clause a! On the island are very friendly also end in -ing unfortunately it ’ not...: to go a big dream requires the same effort as having a small.!

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