campus violence research

Free Essay on Campus Violence. Flannery, Daniel J., and Kathleen Quinn-Leering. On average, women are only represented 20% of the time in stories and news related to incidents occurred on campus and are often blamed for being victimized in rape stories (Sparkman 2017). Campus interpersonal violence - defined as sexual assault, sexual harassment, intimate partner violence, and stalking - is a social problem that has received widespread attention due to its high prevalence and devastating consequences, especially for students facing multiple forms of … “Defining Campus Violence: A Phenomenological Analysis of Community Stakeholder Perspectives.” Journal of College Student Development, vol. 24, No. GRANTS TO REDUCE VIOLENT CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN ON CAMPUS PROGRAM In the past few decades, many local and state agencies across the country have developed programs … The process starts with a problem analysis designed to identify particular areas of concern in each campus community and to set priorities for prevention. Find more violence related essays and term papers here. Overview 1. 35, pp. It concludes that understanding peer sexual violence and applying that understanding to less common forms of campus violence may help us to prevent and understand what the proper responses should be to both forms of violence. After all, students have the right to be informed about the safety and conditions of the campus. Edmonton, AB - Today, the Council of Alberta University Students (CAUS) released an in-depth research paper exploring campus sexual violence at Alberta’s post-secondary institutions, the first of its kind in Alberta to be written by student leaders that is research-intensive and focuses on recommendations for the Government of Alberta’s consideration. College Campus Violence: Origins, Impacts, and Responses Paul E. Pezza13 and Ann Bellotti2 The typical college campus community is potentially hazardous to the health and, well-being of its members. With the joint efforts of local police and university faculty and administrators on teaching self-defense techniques and educating students of dangerous situations, it is more likely for this method to sustain and have a definite effect on the prevention of campus violence. A cheerleader getting a threatening letter . New approaches: … combination with research, demonstrate the essential role of collaboration among all service providers in the prevention of violent incidents on college campuses. Associated Press Television News . This page was processed by aws-apollo1 in. Posted: 18 Aug 2009 In this South Asian sub-continent, in … The project’s research is built on “radical listening,” said Wagman, and the belief that students are the best solvers of the campus sexual violence issue. Accessed 27 March 2017, Second Source Pairing for UNIT II Project, UNIT III Research Paper on Campus Violence, https://www.wsj.com/articles/reports-of-sexual-assault-rising-sharply-on-college-campuses-1462375421, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10668920050179835. The recent documentary Sex for Grades highlights how insidious these violations are and their costs for victims attending Nigerian and Ghanaian universities. Journal of College and University Law, Vol. The report cites several major factors underlying campus violence, including the use of alcohol, racial and ethnic tensions, and a “sports culture” that “can promote competition, aggression, and male privilege.” Going forward, the report suggests several recommendations that colleges should consider to stem the level of campus violence. It is even more severe in the case of media coverage. Due to the advancement of technologies, such as the introduction of CCTVs, or surveillance cameras, many campus securities have been amended and upgrade to ensure higher levels of security, in hopes to speed up the crime investigation process, increase the arrest rate, and prevent future crimes from happening (Fisher and Sloan 16-20). Cyberstalking can be as dangerous as physical stalking and can affect the victims similarly, leading to mental distress and increased levels of anxiety (Flannery and Quinn-Leering 839-855). The purpose of this ACHA White Paper is to confront this serious college health issue through analyzing campus violence patterns, types of violence, methodological problems with collecting campus crime data, underlying issues related to campus violence, and promising practices to prevent and address campus violence. Obviously, the loss of control due to substance maltreatment, including intoxicant, frequently consequences in violent effusions. Korn, Melissa. Knowing self-defense can help victims delay the happenings of the crimes while buying them more time to contact the police, which will increase the chance of safely walking away from the crimes. It was first theorized that universities have a liability to ensure the safety of their students under the idea of “loco parentis,” in which universities are given the freedom to create and enforce any rules or regulations upon student conducts (Fisher and Sloan 33-35). AZ Writing | Sample Essays, Example Research Papers and Tips . Accessed 22 March 2017. “By not including all students living off-campus in their crime reports,” university is only portraying “a small portion of the crimes in an area where a large percentage of students live” (Mohammad and Faulk), which makes it difficult to track and model accurate crime patterns and behaviors. The stakeholders have the rights to be informed and told the truth and the right to not be injured. By the end of the massacre, he had killed 32 students whereby 28 of them were shot on the head. Over the years, campus violence has experienced substantial change and is defined by various implications, in terms of legal, social, and security context. “Violence on College Campuses: Understanding its Impact on Student Well-Being.” Community College Journal of Research and Practice, vol. Sexual violence on university campuses has not received the same policy and scholarly attention as other public and private spaces where gender-based violence occurs. The government enforces the Clery Act and Title IX upon universities in hope to control and reduce the amount of violence committed on campus and raise legal awareness. The consistent and increasing rates of campus violence remained a major concern for many. University students are entitled to the right to equal protection and the right to not be injured. 10, 2010, pp. Cantalupo, Nancy Chi, Campus Violence: Understanding the Extraordinary Through the Ordinary (August 18, 2009). Recent mass shootings on college campuses have focused many on the responsibilities of colleges and universities to prevent and respond to such violence. Efforts put toward educating faculty, staffs, administrators, and students about campus violence and prevention, and raising awareness of the concurrent issue, have also been exerted and come in the form of existing courses in universities, including the fields of “sociology, psychology, criminology, and women’s studies” (Roark 369). They set up remedial programs and supportive services that target post-trauma counseling, protection, medical care, etc., to help relieve the consequences and effects those violent events have on the students (Roark 369). 613-690, 2009, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. Numerous research studies have also indicated that sexual assaults and other forms of violence against women on campus are gravely underreported, suggesting that the problem is far more pervasive than statistics reveal.8. In a survey by Towson State ’ s Campus Violence Prevention Center, it was found that the maltreatment of intoxicant was heavier among victims and culprits of campus force than the remainder of the campus population. 65, no. 334-38. CAMPUS VIOLENCE RESEARCH PAPER 3 students and injured two while on the other room, he killed five and wounded six. Community College Journal of Research and Practice: Vol. Mayhew, Matthew J., Rebecca J. Caldwell, and Emily G. Goldman. There is considerable evidence that students’ exposure to violence is associated with both antisocial behavior and psychological trauma, such as depression, anxiety, anger, post-traumatic stress, and can lead to violent behavior (Flannery and Quinn-Leering 839-855). It's Time to Ask Uncomfortable Questions About HBCU Campus Violence HBCUs are vulnerable to crime just as any other neighborhood, college campus, office building, or public space. Most research regarding campus violence in schools has centered on prevalence and prediction of violence. Among all violent crime against college students from 1995 through 2002, 93 percent of incidents took place off campus. The amygdala within the brain react violently when a trauma occurs and recollections are etched deeply in the mind of individuals forever (Flannery and Quinn-Leering 839-855). The West Virginia Community Quality of Life Survey (WVCQL) was launched during the summer of 2016. Following many lawsuits filed by students and parents, the courts ruled that universities have a duty to protect students from “foreseeable” criminal activity and that there exist a “contract” between the universities and their students (Fisher and Sloan 33-35). Students should be educated on the recognition and signs of red flags that can lead to dangerous unwanted situations. If campus administrators made crime maps publicly available, students, especially incoming freshmen and transfer students new to the area, would be better equipped to find housing in safer locations and prepared for when visiting local crime hot spots. “Community and Campus Crime: A Geospatial Examination of the Clery Act.” Crime & Delinquency, vol. What can help . Traditional society is defined as patriarchal, where men are placed on top of the social ladder while women remain at the bottom (Sparkman 2017). Many crime mapping programs and studies have already been authorized and adopted by state and local government and so, only an extension of that effort is needed in the direction college campus violence for the program to be even more successful. More than 25 students were left injured (Almond, 2008). Any infringements will result in legal consequences, such as heavy fines and monetary restrictions, in terms of federal and state funding. 1457343, 79 Pages This study will address previous research, but will also investigate the history of campus violence in universities in the United States and its evolution along with an investigation into the impact of juvenile delinquency on campus violence. Since March, about four women were charged for the murder of other female students. Two key areas here have involved social science efforts to accurately estimate the extent and nature of the sexual victimization of college women and to identify and examine the role students’ lifestyles play in contributing to campus victimization. School Violence Research Topics List School Violence Cases. Not only that, campus crimes associated with college and university students were neither reported to authorities nor were they disclosed to outsiders by institutions (Mohammad and Faulk). The decrease campus violence will likely result in a decrease of local crimes and the tendency to commit crimes and thus, improves the well-being of society as a whole. Cybercrime is not only easier to commit due to the instant access to social media, but also harder to evade and control, comparing to other forms of crimes. After accomplishing the mission, he turned the gun to himself and blew his head off. 839-855. Heading off to college is an exciting time for millions of recent high school graduates. Research on gender-based violence against women Work done, work emerging and work needed – a view from my experience Prof. Dr. Carol Hagemann- White Universität Osnabrück, Germany UNESCO, Paris, November 2011 . After the Clery Act comes the passing of Title IX of the Civil Rights Act, an influential federal legislation that encourages colleges to address sexual violence and prohibits sexual harassment on campuses (Fisher and Sloan 41). Violence on campuses increasingly manifest in a larger number of random assaults, group fights, mass shootings, flash-mob crimes, and vicious one-on-one attacks. Thailand's ongoing anti-establishment protests, that have drawn tens of thousands to its streets, are prompting intense debate … Self-defense programs should not also put so much emphasis on protection against strangers, but rather pay attention to the people most likely to assault them, including intimate partners (courtship violence), friends, and acquaintances. Stages of practice and research 1976-2002 2. EBSCOhost, doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.1987.tb00732.x. Accessed 27 March 2017. 613-690, 2009, Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. Colleges and universities, which have traditionally prohibited guns on campus, are relatively safe from gun violence—but campus life is rife with other risk factors that make the presence of guns potentially dangerous. Accessed 16 March 2017. Accordingly, this essay explores the scope and dynamics of both “ordinary” and “extraordinary” campus violence, discusses the law and “best practices” dealing with peer sexual violence victims’ rights and the due process rights of students accused of misconduct, and contrasts the typical disciplinary responses of many schools to both the methods required by the applicable law and those … These stories portray women as vindictive, conniving, and untrustworthy. Last revised: 28 Oct 2015. Although awareness of campus sexual assault is at historic high, institutional responses to incidents of sexual violence remain widely varied and often, dissatisfied and imperfect. The Clery Act continues to be amended through the addition of more detailed crime reports and statistics, and stricter enforcement is levied to universities for their failure to follow and demonstrate correct interpretations of the law (Fisher and Sloan 35-40). Keywords: sexual, assault, harassment, violence, sex discrimination, education, college, university, campus, Suggested Citation: UCLA to Create Campus Violence Research Center Dedicated to Victim The center will study strategies to combat violence on campuses across the country. Besides, neither the research nor the program will cost much with the joint effort of the government, including the local police, and the university students, faculty, and administrators. Accordingly, this essay explores the scope and dynamics of both “ordinary” and “extraordinary” campus violence, discusses the law and “best practices” dealing with peer sexual violence victims’ rights and the due process rights of students accused of misconduct, and contrasts the typical disciplinary responses of many schools to both the methods required by the applicable law and those advocated by the best practices literature. School violence essay topics in form of discussion questions and activity ideas for teachers are included so that students can extend their understanding of school and campus crime and violence beyond what they read in the articles. 15, no. Auvinen, Pekka-Eric; Bath, Michigan, School Bombing 24, no. Accessed 17 April 2017. 4, 2014, pp. Kent State shooting massacre. Universities and practitioners also develop multiple tiers of prevention methods and programs in hope to stop the increasing rate of campus violence. 2016-12-29 08:35 Global Times Editor: Li Yan ECNS App Download. Through an improvement in self-defense program and extensive research in the crime-mapping field, it is anticipated that the prevention of these crimes will increase and the number of future crimes will slowly, but surely be reduced. The sensationalization of sexual violence and the normalization of rape jokes and any act of sexual harassment have decreased the negativity of sex crime and are a factor of the increasing rates of sexual violence on campus. Collaborating on a European level: CAHRV 3. The social implications of campus violence have always been linked towards the conceptions of early forms of sexism and gender stratification and the use of drugs and alcohol on campus. 7, 1987, pp. Campus violence is actually a great quake for Educational sector. The social implications of campus violence have always been linked towards the conceptions of early forms of sexism and gender stratification and the use of drugs and alcohol on campus. Data and statistics on crimes relating to students taken from local police records should be provided to universities; the profiles of the offenders and victims are to be kept anonymous with respect to legal and ethical aspects. (2000). As a continually developing country, technological advancement and the creation of campus police force also influence the characteristic of campus violence, both positively and negatively. Fisher, Bonnie, and John J. Sloan. The majority of the times, universities focus their attention on tertiary prevention methods, which are methods that are put in place to deal with the consequences of the incidents already happened on campus. 52, no.3, 2011, pp. “Sex and Gender.” Sociology Lecture, 13 March 2017. During the past 15 years, four national-level surveys have gathere… 59, no. Posted on March 28, 2015 by azseo. Each and every academic year begins with … The first legislation, requiring postsecondary institutions to report crimes to campus police and other authorities annually, was the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security, in 1998, which is later known as the Clery Act (Fisher and Sloan 33). “Most programs for and responses to campus-based sexual assault and dating violence have been designed and are led by university and senior administrators,” said Wagman. 839-55. However, crime mapping studies are greatly disrupted by the insufficient and inaccurate data on available campus crimes, provided by the universities. Fox, David N. Khey, and Alan J. Lizotte. It hampers the natural flow of education and students suffer a lot from this sadistic types of activity.The causes of campus violence are vary from country to country. To learn more, visit our Cookies page. The Rights Approach puts an emphasis on the solution that best respects the rights of all the stakeholders represented by this issue. 10, pp. About 97,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 report experiencing alcohol-related sexual assault or date rape (Fisher and Sloan 186-214). A decrease in campus violence will affect the campus population positively in numerous ways. However, the advancement of technology also introduces high-tech crime, or cybercrime, to the campuses. “Reports of Sexual Assault Rising Sharply on College Campuses.” The Wall Street Journal, 4 May 2016, https://www.wsj.com/articles/reports-of-sexual-assault-rising-sharply-on-college-campuses-1462375421. 1. The targeting of a university laboratory because it uses animals in research with professors receiving death threats. A better enforcement of the Clery Act is needed and universities must be required to disclose and report any crimes involving their students, whether they happen on campus or off-campus. Most sexual assaults involved persons who knew each other. 8, 2010, pp. Calls from a parent who saw a reference to a bombing on a campus with the person posting the reference saying it was a joke. This collection offers fresh insights on the ways we can move forward to end campus sexual assault. Les violences sexuelles sur les campus universitaires n’ont pas fait l’objet du même niveau d’attention, dans le domaine des politiques et de la réflexion, que ce qui est le cas dans les autres domaines, publics et privés, où s’exercent les violences sexistes. It will also allow students and faculty to focus more on academics and education. Written By. Campus violence rises in China. Encouraging the Prevention of Campus Violence. Self-defense training allows students and faculties to learn self-defense techniques and protect themselves against physical, emotional, and psychological assaults (Dekeseredy 335). This report has four major sections. Although the arrest of the offenders and post-trauma counseling offer support and justice to the victim, but they do not erase the scars and traumas gained from the violence. Campus sexual assault is a complex phenomenon to tackle from a public health perspective. Over the course of the years, colleges and universities and the government attempted to fix the problem of campus violence by proposing different methods and solutions to the problem. Campus crimes occur on both on and off campus and yet, “crimes involving students off campus or in off-campus student housing are [often] not included” and reported to the “federally mandated campus safety reports,” despite the passing of the Clery Act (Mohammad and Faulk). According to studies reviewed in the ACHA Campus Violence White Paper, approximately 15-20% of female college students report being the victim of forced intercourse (rape) and approximately 5-15% of college men admit forcing intercourse on a partner (Carr, 2005). However, in statistical terms, this type of campus violence can thankfully be considered relatively extraordinary. 367-71. As discussed, campus violence has a long history and are defined by multiple contexts. Campus Crime: Legal, Social, and Policy Perspectives. “Technicalities and under-reporting obscure BYU campus crime reporting.” The Daily Universe, 08 Mar. Roark, Mary L. “Preventing Violence on College Campuses.” Journal of Counseling & Development, vol. Also, the increase of drug and alcohol usage also correlates to the increase in offenses. The purpose of crime mapping studies is to help researchers, officers, and universities to have a better understanding of the crimes themselves, the patterns they follow, and the location of crime “hot spots,” and better identify individuals that are more likely to commit an offense or to be at risk of victimization (Nobles, Fox, Khey, and Lizotte 1152). 2016, http://universe.byu.edu/2016/03/08/technicalities-and-under-reporting-obscure-byu-campus-crime-reporting1/. 1131-156. Thailand Students Research On Forgotten Campus Violence Thailand's ongoing anti-establishment protests, that have drawn tens of thousands to its streets, are prompting intense debate about the country's future. It is shown in many studies that college students, especially those that live in “wet” communities, filled with bars, liquor stores, and other alcohol outlets, have greater use of alcohol and other drugs than other youths in society (Fisher and Sloan 185-86). This page was processed by aws-apollo1 in 0.191 seconds, Using the URL or DOI link below will ensure access to this page indefinitely. Though numerous measures have been undertaken to prevent and decrease the rate of modern campus crimes, such efforts failed to recognize the importance of crime-mapping research and self-defense program; the implementation of these programs should be advocated for to inform and protect college students. However, in statistical terms, this type of campus violence can thankfully be considered relatively extraordinary. Accessed 17 April 2017. Campuses are Relatively Safe . It requires multisector and multidisciplinary work—from research, policy, and intervention. Accessed 16 March 2017, Mohammad, Alex, and Stacie Faulk. This will not only inform the students and administrators of this knowledge, but also allow police officers and universities’ administrators to be more alert and formulate better methods for campus crime prevention, increasing the likeliness of prevention while decreasing the rates of offenses. Programs that include researchers to analyze crime patterns and behaviors should be established and run by a governmental agency at the local level. Dekeseredy, Walter S. “Thinking Critically About Campus-Based Self-Defense Programs.” Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, vol. Experts call for law on bullying to help protect juveniles. The most common, cyberstalking involves the “active use of the web and other internet communication portals, such as Facebook, Myspace, Twitter, and online dating sites,” (Dekeseredy 335). Taylor & Francis Online, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10668920050179835. For this issue, the most applicable ethical approach is the Rights Approach. Sage Journals, doi: 10.1177/1524838014521024. When violence occurs on predominantly white campuses, it's typically covered in the vein of "one crazy person going berserk and shooting up as many people as possible." 253-69. Primary prevention methods, including skill-building workshops, such as self-esteem building, values development, sexual decision making, anger and stress management, conflict and loss resolution, self-defense training, etc., and programs that encourage individuals to explore their attitudes about the factors that lead to violence, have great potential in educating the students and preventing any sorts of campus violence from happening in the first place (Roark 370). 3rd ed., Charles C. Thomas, 2013. Besides an improvement in crime mapping studies, an updated self-defense program is also needed. Besides, neither the research nor the program will cost much (economically) with the joint effort of the government, including the local police, and the university students, faculty, and administrators. 1457343, Available at SSRN: If you need immediate assistance, call 877-SSRNHelp (877 777 6435) in the United States, or +1 212 448 2500 outside of the United States, 8:30AM to 6:00PM U.S. Eastern, Monday - Friday. Research on policy after 2005: CoE monitoring 4. VIOLENCE ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES: UNDERSTANDING ITS IMPACT ON STUDENT WELL-BEING. For this reason, it is reasonable that further research in crime mapping studies and self-defense programs is necessary for the prevention of those crimes. Suggested Citation, 225 Cedar StreetSan Diego, CA 92101United States, Subscribe to this fee journal for more curated articles on this topic, We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content.By continuing, you agree to the use of cookies. Recent mass shootings on college campuses have focused many on the responsibilities of colleges and universities to prevent and respond to such violence. The social context of campus crime includes research efforts in such areas as developing better measures of its extent and nature, identifying its major correlates, and exploring its spatial distribution. Sparkman, Rachel. In contrast, the only type of campus violence that is unfortunately common enough to be characterized as “ordinary” is peer sexual assault and similar forms of campus gender-based violence. Free sample research essay on campus violence self-defense Programs. ” Trauma, violence, &,... ” Sociology Lecture, 13 March 2017, Mohammad, Alex, Alan! And told the truth and the right to be informed and told truth. Campus Community and campus crime reporting. ” the Daily Universe, 08 Mar other. Research and Practice, vol run by a governmental agency at the local.!, we define the nature and scope of campus violence: Understanding IMPACT... Is actually a great quake for Educational sector of Community Stakeholder Perspectives. ” Journal of research and Practice:.! To legal consequences an important step in the Life of many individuals approach is grounded strategic... End of the Clery Act. ” crime & Delinquency, vol established and run by a agency... The country Rights to be informed and told the truth and the right to be and... In crime mapping studies are greatly disrupted by the end of the campus population positively in numerous ways end. Both nationally and in Massachusetts in violent effusions by the insufficient and inaccurate data on available campus,! 2002, 93 percent of incidents took place off campus the campus:. To this page was processed by aws-apollo1 in 0.191 seconds, Using URL. Shot on the responsibilities of colleges and universities for many and Practice: vol across the country to himself blew! The Act was passed primarily in response to the right to not be injured: Li Yan ECNS App...., about four women were charged for the murder of other female students are entitled to the increase of and... Since March, about four women were charged for the murder campus violence research other female students characterizes the campus. 186-214 ) of recent high school graduates of technology also introduces high-tech crime, or cybercrime to! Federal and state funding requires multisector and multidisciplinary work—from research, policy, and Perspectives... Be injured under-reporting obscure BYU campus crime reporting. ” the Daily Universe, Mar! Most research regarding campus violence can thankfully be considered relatively extraordinary revised campus violence research 28 2015! 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