conclusion of act 4 scene 1 merchant of venice

. Structured Questions from Act 4 Scene 1 of the Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare. 1 Educator answer. He wants it only because of “a lodged hate and a certain loathing” for Antonio. Portia sees that the case was very much in favour of Shylock and thus she asks him to have mercy. Portia then asks for Antonio’s gloves and Bassanio’s wedding ring. Antonio is brought before the Duke and the magnificoes of Venice to stand trial for failing to pay off his obligation to Shylock. When Shylock says, “the pound of flesh … is dearly: bought, is mine, and I will have it,” he is not speaking of “rights” anymore; he is demanding his enemy’s blood. The ring was given to him by Portia and Bassanio had promised that he would never part with it. Shylock’s last appearance before us, in total defeat, can, in some cases, depending on the actor, win back some of the sympathy lost earlier in this scene. As Bassanio prepares to pay him, Portia stops Bassanio. Portia then asks for a surgeon lest Antonio bleed to death. The duke declares that he is waiting for a certain “Bellario, a learned doctor,” to arrive from Padua before he makes a final decision concerning this case. Year Published: 1597 Language: English Country of Origin: England Source: Shakespeare, W. (1597).The Merchant of Venice.New York: Sully and Kleinteich. SCENE 1. Summary Act 4 Scene 1. Merchant of Venice Act 4, Scene 1 Modern English Translation Meaning Annotations – ICSE Class 10 & 9 English. Shakespeare\'s original The Merchant of Venice text is extremely long, so we\'ve split the text into one Scene per page. Shylock realizes that he has been foiled. Portia pretends indignation: She wants “nothing else” but the ring; “methinks I have a mind to it.” She tells Bassanio that he is only “liberal in offers.” He is, in effect, asking her to beg for the ring — an insult. He offers six thousand ducats, but Shylock refuses. Since this is the central scene of the play and since it turns on our interpretation of Shylock, it follows that the way we see Shylock here determines the way we see the whole play. He cannot be denied as it will be against the law and it should be followed. Antonio thinks that his end has come and he takes Bassanio’s hand to bid him goodbye. Shylock and Antonio appear before the Duke of Venice. The doctor is ill, but he has sent in his place “a young doctor of Rome,” named Balthasar, whose wisdom in the law belies his youth. The Duke pardons him to make him see the difference in their thinking of his. Salerio announces that a messenger has come. Shakespeare is manipulating, with genius, the sympathy of the audience. Portia asks if he could be given money. He says that it was bad luck that Antonio fell into the clutches of such an enemy who doesn’t even have an ounce of mercy. All of this is necessary for the total effect of the play; this is why Shakespeare wisely makes Portia delay final pronouncements and then ingeniously begin to reveal new interpretations of absolute justice. In each case, his answers are themselves unanswerable; he “stands upon the law”; the law is a creation of those who are now asking him to break it. Portia pronounces that Venetian law is indeed binding, and whenever decrees are established, alterations set a precedent and “many an error” has been the result. Here, the whole answer is being described point wise so that all the students can remember easily. Antonio tells Bassanio that he is wasting his time. This study note summarises the events of Act 4 and Act 5 of the Merchant of Venice. Gratiano gets agitated and hurls many insults at him but Shylock is still unmoved. Following the duke’s merciful example, Antonio says that he will take only half of Shylock’s goods which are due to him (Shylock can have the other half) in trust in order to give them to Lorenzo (Shylock’s son-in-law) upon Shylock’s death, on two conditions: first, Shylock must become a Christian, and second, he must deed everything to Jessica and Lorenzo. He says that it was bad luck that Antonio fell into the clutches of such an enemy who doesn’t even have an ounce of mercy. Moreover, he is asking what is lawfully his and the Duke must award him accordingly. Share. This page contains the original text of Act 4, Scene 1 of The Merchant of Venice. Shylock cries that his life should be taken instead. He answers that hp agreed to the bond. Portia is mentioned in the earlier scene, but this is her first appearance. The Merchant of Venice: Act 4, Scene 1 Shylock spends the first half of act 4, scene 1 insisting on obtaining that pound of flesh promised him in the contract. The Merchant of Venice Act 4 Scene 1 Summary Workbook Answers The Merchant of Venice Act 4 Scene 1 Summary. In Shakespeare’s romantic comedies, the protagonists live happily ever after, and more often than not, the play ends with the tolling of wedding bells, with more than one couple getting married to create a joyful atmosphere. Shylock is an arresting presence and although Antonio may be the character for whom the novel is named, it is Shylock who has come to dominate our focus. Portia announces that in that case the must be allowed to take a pound of flesh off Antonio’s chest as the terms of the bond claimed. Moreover, now Shylock’s life was at the mercy of the Duke. This matter is too weighty for one man to render a single opinion on; therefore, Shylock’s demand for judgment will have to wait, and he will have to cease his demand — or else the duke “may dismiss this court.”, Bassanio meanwhile tries to cheer up Antonio, vowing that he himself shall give Shylock his own life in place of Antonio’s “ere [Antonio] shalt loose for me one drop of blood.” Antonio, however, is without hope. He “crave[s] the law” and “the penalty and forfeit of [his] bond.” He does not care that Bassanio has offered him “thrice the sum” of the bond or even “ten times o’er”; Shylock demands the penalty. Preview. . At the court of law in Venice, the Duke, Antonio, Bassanio, Salerio, Graziano, and various notable personages are gathered for Antonio's trial. Antonio’s seemingly last speech at line 263 has a dignified nobility; he declares once more his love for Bassanio; he asks him neither to grieve nor repent. The Editor. I crave the law.”. Read Act 4, Scene 1 of Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice, side-by-side with a translation into Modern English. Shylock is legally entitled to take a pound of Antonio’s flesh — but no more. Merchant of Venice: Novel Summary: Act 4 Scene 1 This is the scene where Shylock is to take his forfeiture from Antonio. Also, he wants Shylock to become a Christian and sign a deed with the condition that upon his death all his property would go to his daughter and son-in-law. Shylock thinks that Portia was on his side and when Portia asked for the bond, he readily produced it. Next. Merchant of Venice- Act 1 Scene 2 This scene comes after Antonio and his friends have been introduced. Click to copy Summary. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. However, Shylock still wanted to carry out the terms of the bond. . He further asks the court to give the judgement. “Say,” says Shylock, “it is my humor.” In other words, Shylock wants the pound of flesh for no rational reason. He therefore demands an immediate judgment confirming this right. Thus, she’commands him to “beg mercy of the Duke.” At this point, the duke speaks and pardons Shylock, sparing his life and adding that the penalty of the state’s taking half of Shylock’s goods will be reduced if Shylock evidences some “humbleness.” Shylock is adamant at such a proposal: “Nay, take my life and all,” he declares. • As Shylock is about to start cutting again, Portia says that the bond does not give him permission to shed Antonio's blood. The Duke tells Shylock to have some mercy, otherwise it would be Antonio’s last hour. A judgment is a judgment, and nothing in Antonio’s bond mentioned Shylock’s hiring a physician. . Bassanio then tries to reason with Shylock’— but without success. Bassanio asks him whether men kill all the things that they don’t love. After Shylock’s exit, the play, which has, at times, come near to tragedy, and which has had, because of Shylock, an element of pathos, reverts completely to the tone of a romantic comedy. Understand every line of The Merchant of Venice. The Duke informs the court that Bellario is not able to come and has instead sent another colleague, Balthasar. He has been defeated — he, a Jew — in a Venetian, Christian court of law, and as part of his punishment, he has had to agree to become a Christian. He curses Shylock and hopes that he lives to get old enough to see poverty. Both Bassanio and Gratiano assure Antonio that they would sacrifice everything they have — even their wives — to save him. He was absolutely certain that his trust in the law was inviolate. He, an alien Jew, in a Christian community that has spurned him, has triumphed over prejudice and has won in a Venetian court because of the binding integrity of Venetian law. She asks if thrice the money would suffice but Shylock says that he had taken an oath and would not break it. In the introductory speeches by the duke and Antonio, we are reminded of the antithetical positions of the two adversaries. However Act 4 scene 1 does make it hard to label the Merchant of Venice a comedy because something like this almost seems out of place in a comedy. Portia decides otherwise. The Duke tries to warn him that how would he hope for mercy when he is showing none. But he is given little to say in comment upon the judgment passed upon him. Her question “Do you confess the bond?” emphasizes once more that no avenue of escape is possible for Antonio. A summary of Part X (Section9) in William Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice. Portia’s voice, still calm, cuts through the silence. He is almost struck dumb; “Is that the law?” is all he can ask. The Merchant of Venice Act 1 scene 1 clearly explain the readers about the consequences like: 1- Antonio is a rich merchant whose ships are voyaging across the oceans. English Maths Physics Chemistry Biology. . He then turns to Antonio and tells him that early the next morning they will “fly toward Belmont.”. Send the deed after me, / And I will sign it.” This is a masterstroke of simple, understated pathos. Although he professes to stand on the letter of the law, Shylock reveals quite clearly that his real motive has nothing to do with right or wrong, justice or injustice, but with his desire to destroy another human being — a Christian who has publicly scorned and spit upon him. Portia then says that nothing could be done as laws must be followed. uncapable of pity … [and] void … of mercy.” Antonio declares that he is ready to suffer quietly. Venice. . The Merchant of Venice Act 4 (Scene 1) Plot Summary with Word Meanings The trial scene of The Merchant of Venice' is the most famous and powerful scene of the play in the whole of English dramas. Portia replies that his wife would not be happy to hear of such an offer. … I cannot find it; ’tis not in the bond.” Clearly, Portia is leading Shylock slowly into a trap which he has prepared for himself with his reply to her plea for mercy, “My deeds upon my head! Modern English Reading Act IV Scene I. DUKE : What, is Antonio here? Sympathy surrounds Antonio, but dramatic sympathy is also structured around the solitary figure of Shylock. 5 3 customer reviews. The scene is of a court in Venice. Thus, she confirms the “decree established,” and this gives her yet one moment more to think of some new strategy. Begin, but at his own peril is played as a clerk gives a letter to Duke. Further asks the court that Bellario is not able to come and he can carry the. 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