degrees of scoliosis in adults

At a Cobb angle measurement of 40 - 60+ degrees, this is classified as ‘severe scoliosis’. One is … There is a natural, forward-and-backward curve to the spine. Copyright © 2020 - Scoliosis Reduction Center. For decades, scoliosis screenin… It was previously thought that progression only happens for people with … Spinal fusion, however, is invasive and carries heavy side effects and numerous risk factors. Functional treatment: at 25 - 40 degrees, we continue working to reduce the curvature, addressing the underlying structural nature of the condition, with the ultimate goal of correction and prevention; this is done through achieving a curvature reduction/supporting and stabilizing the spine, and preventing the condition from reaching more severe levels and preventing the need for future surgery. While there is no right or wrong way to react, it’s important to have a full understanding of the condition itself, as well as potential treatment options. The higher the Cobb angle, the more severe the condition is, and this is the main variable that guides the chosen treatment plan moving forward. Here at the Scoliosis Reduction Center, even when a patient’s condition is mild, we start working towards achieving a curvature reduction. Scoliosisreductioncenter.com - Treatment by Age, Scoliosisreductioncenter.com - Scoliosis Surgery: Risks, Alternatives, and Costs of Surgery, Clear-institute.org - Adult Scoliosis Treatment with Dr. Nalda, Clear-institute.org - Treatment for Adult Scoliosis. Children who are diagnosed with scoliosis at a young age, when they still have years of growth in front of them, may benefit from wearing a brace, even if the curve is currently slight. My integrative approach would work towards reducing the curvature to prevent it from ever reaching surgical levels. A Scoliosis diagnosis is given when an abnormal curvature is measured at 10+ … Welcome to Scoliosis Reduction Center. The treatment for adults is much different than the treatment for adolescents,” says Brigham and Women’s Hospital neurosurgeon John Chi, MD, MPH . Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. Severe migraines as a young teen introduced Dr. Nalda to chiropractic care. Functional treatment: at a 10 - 25 degree of curvature, we would continue monitoring the patient for progression and related symptoms. In the functional approach, a different level of bracing is used: the corrective ScoliBrace. If your spinal curves are between 25 to 45 degrees, your doctor may recommend bracing or casting to help support your spine. Numbness 3. Adults with large curves may have symptoms of back pain, and if it progresses above 80 degrees in the thoracic spine, they may complain of shortness of breath with activity. The goal is to always stay ahead of progression, which is why we order X-rays frequently to observe how the spine is responding to treatment/growth and assess how the treatment disciplines should be apportioned. Low degrees of scoliosis indicate that there is not much curvature to the spine, and high degrees of scoliosis indicate that the spine is severely curved. If you’re an adult with degenerative scoliosis, your doctor … Doctors might choose to monitor the patient more closely to make sure that the degrees of scoliosis do not continue to increase and create a more drastic curvature of the spine. Let’s take a look at various degrees of scoliosis curvatures and how a traditional and functional treatment approach would respond at each level, first for adolescents, and then for adults. Functional treatment: at a 25 - 40 degree of curvature, we would be actively working towards reducing the curvature as much as possible, while observing how the spine is reacting and adjusting our treatment tools of chiropractic, therapy, rehabilitation, and corrective bracing accordingly. All Rights Reserved. As a person moves into the later stages of life, the spine, like the rest of the body, faces degenerative changes, most commonly affecting the discs of the spine. Although most youths with scoliosis will not develop clinical symptoms, scoliosis can progress to rib deformity and respiratory compromise, and can cause significant cosmetic problems and emotional distress for some patients. If anything, the watch-and-wait approach will be initiated here to passively observe. Questions of how it will affect their lives and how bad it can get are common responses. While scoliosis surgery has improved over the past several decades, choosing surgery is never easy, and many patients find that the risks and poor treatment outcomes make this a last resort. Abnormal reflexes Idiopathic scoliosis appears to be primarily a neuro-hormonal condition that is driven by genetic predisposition and metabolic factors. A slight curve is generally considered to be between 10 and 20 degrees of scoliosis. Adults can have one of two types of scoliosis. This procedure prevents the scoliosis from progressing further, and can also reduce spinal curvature to decrease health risks. It’s at this level that patients are funneled towards spinal-fusion surgery as it becomes clear that their scoliosis is continuing to progress and is likely that related symptoms and pain will continue to get worse. The incidence of scoliosis is about the same in males and females; however, females have up to a 10-fold greater risk of curve progression. A patient would be told that as the condition is mild, it should be observed to see how/if it progresses. Functional treatment: at 40 - 60+ degrees, our goal is to stabilize the spine and reduce the curvature degree to below the surgical threshold. Want to save up to 30% on your monthly bills? A large component of treating AIS is monitoring for progression, as growth and development are the big trigger. Adult scoliosis has two main forms: idiopathic and degenerative. Traditional treatment: even at a 10, 15, or 20 degree of curvature, typically, no form of treatment will be started. As a progressive condition, virtually every patient’s scoliosis is going to progress, at varying rates, so I don’t see a point to watching and waiting; I see this as wasting valuable treatment time. Instead, the watch-and-wait approach will be advised to passively observe how/if the condition progresses. Typically, this amount of spinal curvature can go untreated, as long as there are no signs of progression. Functional treatment: at the 40 - 60+ degree range, we could continue our integrative approach to treatment in an effort to reduce the patient’s degree of curvature below surgical-curve level. With functional treatment at this stage, the goal is to address the underlying structural nature of the condition by working towards a curvature reduction and lessening related symptoms, such as pain, along with it. Even at 10 degrees, a functional approach would involve a customized combination of therapy, rehab, exercises, and chiropractic. Adults who have a slight (less than 20-degree) C-curve in their spine usually don’t need regular monitoring, other than a yearly checkup. Severe scoliosis can be disabling. Cobb angle is a measurement, expressed in degrees (via X-ray), that determines how scoliosis is classified on the severity scale. Degrees of scoliosis are measurements used to numerically record how severely an individual’s spine is curved. A Scoliosis diagnosis is given when an abnormal curvature is measured at 10+ degrees and includes rotation, which is what makes scoliosis a 3-dimensional condition. Traditional treatment: at a 10 - 25 degree of curvature, active treatment is not started. The States has the lowest surgical threshold with surgeons most often recommending spinal-fusion surgery for severe cases with curvatures of 40-plus degrees or where progression is rapid. Use Chiropractic Manipulation. When a patient has severe Adult Degenerative Scoliosis or a spinal curvature over 40 degrees, they might not be able to perform these exercises and various movements fully at first. If a patient’s curve still progresses to the end of that range at 60+ degrees, we continue working towards a curvature reduction, lessening symptoms, and avoiding spinal-fusion surgery. Both types of adult scoliosis can progress over time. Degrees of Scoliosis There are three forms of scoliosis: mild, moderate, and severe. Mild scoliosis, in particular, is defined as a curve between 10 and 20 degrees.Mild scoliosis can be broken down further into different categories, and your doctor may have mentioned one of these as part of your diagnosis. With scoliosis, the spine rotates and develops a side-to-side curve. If a patient is at high risk for continued progression, spinal fusion is often recommended as the best treatment option. Our main goal, at this stage, is not only to correct a patient’s abnormal curvature as much as possible, but to help them avoid spinal-fusion surgery and all the heavy risk factors and potential side effects that go along with it. This tool helps you do just that. Scoliosis is diagnosed when the curve exceeds 10 degrees. Scoliosis generally is not diagnosable until children reach a certain point in their development, because the spine continues to develop as the body grows. They each have different levels of risk progression and are treated on a case-by-case basis. This brace has to be worn virtually all the time (18 - 23 hours a day), and as you can imagine, compliance with this is a big challenge. This is because once the spinal bend extends beyond 40 degrees, it can put pressure on the heart … Adults with a type of scoliosis called degenerative scoliosis. Typically, pain is far more commonly a part of the scoliosis experience in adults, which is why pain management is such a big part of treating adult scoliosis. Of those, 10 percent showed a very significant progression, while the other 30 percent experienced a very mild progression, usually of less than one degree per year. We also address symptoms by continuing to reduce the patient’s curvature to where it was prior to when they started to experience pain and discomfort; then we work towards sustaining that reduction to keep those symptoms at bay and avoid the need for spinal-fusion surgery. As adults have the big trigger for progression (growth) removed, by reaching skeletal maturity, progression tends to slow down; however, over time, the cumulative effects of slow progression can also be significant, resulting in a large degree of curvature. This is, again, where the ideologies governing each of the main treatment approaches differ greatly. The insertion of steel rods into the spine is a surgical method used for correcting severe cases. The doctor will also use the physical exam and imaging to assess the patient for signs of spinal stenosis (the narrowing or … When a patient, adolescent or adult, is diagnosed with scoliosis, they can be faced with many emotions. Many people think of scoliosis as a childhood spinal disorder, but adults can have the disease as well. Adult idiopathic scoliosis is, in essence, a continuation of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Functional treatment: in the functional approach, active treatment is started as close to the time of diagnosis as possible, as early intervention is one of the keys to treatment success. Referring to the accompanying chart, let’s take a look at each level of the condition based on degree of curvature, and how each of the two main treatment approaches would respond. If the curves reach 30 to 40 degrees, the deformity may be noticed by a hump or prominence in the area of the spine that is involved. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is by far the most common form of the condition and is diagnosed between the ages of 10 and 18. Scoliosis Degrees of Curvature Chart Adolescent Scoliosis Degree of Curvature. The goal is to try and stay ahead of the condition’s progressive nature. Scoliosis Treatment - Observation. When most people hear of scoliosis they think of a younger teenager, but adults can develop scoliosis, too. We would continue our combination of scoliosis-specific therapy, exercise, and chiropractic to address any pain and discomfort in a less invasive and more effective way. In simple terms, adult scoliosis occurs when an abnormal side-to-side spinal curve of 10-degrees or greater is diagnosed in a person age 18 or older. The curvature must be 10 degrees or more to be considered scoliosis, and it usually must be 25 degrees or more before treatment is needed. When it comes to treating scoliosis, there are two main treatment approaches: traditional and functional. The shortness of breath is due to the affect on lu… Accordingly, most doctors regularly screen children for scoliosis as a part of routine physical exams. Typically, this amount of spinal curvature can go untreated, as long as there are no signs of progression. As a progressive condition with no known cure, it’s important to address each stage of the condition with active treatment, in an attempt to prevent it from progressing in severity and reaching that surgical-level threshold. At a Cobb angle measurement of 10 - 25 degrees, this is considered ‘mild scoliosis’, and depending on what treatment approach a patient chooses, active treatment can be started, or delayed, during this stage. Severe Scoliosis in Adults: One of the first things to understand about scoliosis is that different degrees of scoliosis exist. It makes up 80 percent of diagnosed cases in the United States. The Boston brace is cumbersome, uncomfortable, and does not work towards ‘correcting’ the abnormal curvature, but merely attempts to stop the condition from getting worse. As an abnormal spinal curvature increases, we adjust our treatment plan by apportioning our treatment disciplines in response. About 3% of adolescents have scoliosis.Most cases of scoliosis are mild, but some spine deformities continue to get more severe as children grow. In adults, the degree of the spinal curve may or may not determine treatment. Idiopathic scoliosis in adults is a continuation of AIS that went undiagnosed during adolescence until it, most likely, starting producing noticeable symptoms in adulthood. Most cases of scoliosis are mild and don’t need treatment. At a Cobb angle measurement of 40 - 60+ degrees, we are into the ‘severe scoliosis’ classification. Traditional treatment: along the traditional treatment route, two likely responses to this moderate degree of curvature would be continuing to watch and wait, or using a traditional scoliosis brace (Boston brace) in an attempt to stop the condition from progressing further. If there is progression to greater degrees of scoliosis, additional measures most likely need to be taken. When diagnosing different severities of scoliosis, doctors measure the degrees of difference between a normal spine and the deviation of the patient’s spine from that norm. According to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS), scoliosis affects between 2% and 3% of the American population, or about six to nine million people. Severe cases of scoliosis can require surgical procedures to keep the patient comfortable and in good health. Symptoms associated with adult scoliosis are often initially managed with non-surgical therapies; such as medications, physical therapy and/or injections. Doctors see two types of scoliosis in adults. The accompanying chart provides a great visual to augment an understanding of the varying levels of scoliosis severity and corresponding treatment options: traditional and functional. Below is an up-to-date summary of facts about scoliosis. The Boston brace is the most commonly-used brace in the United States. During the physical exam, your doctor may have your child stand and then bend forward from the waist, with arms hanging loosely, to see if one side of the rib cage is more prominent than the other.Your doctor may also perform a neurological exam to check for: 1. Our team, under the leadership of Dr. Tony Nalda, is focused on treating your scoliosis in the most patient-centered, effective manner possible. A positive diagnosis of mild scoliosis requires the angle of the spine curvature to be greater than 10 degrees. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown. If your child has a small curve, i.e. Curves that reach 50 degrees or greater, may progress more rapidly then those that are less than 50 degrees. Curves may increase in size 0.5° to 2° per year. A dramatically curved spine has the potential to cause heart and lung problems as well as discomfort and back pain. For instance, surgery is recommended as an option to treat scoliosis only if the spinal curvature crosses an angle of about 40-45 degrees, also termed as the Cobb angle in young adults. Even with a minor curvature of 10 degrees, a functional approach would start with designing a customized treatment plan by combining scoliosis-specific therapy, rehabilitation, exercises, and chiropractic. Degrees of scoliosis over 50 typically indicate a severe curve in the spine. At a Cobb angle measurement of 25 - 40 degrees, this degree of curvature is classified as ‘moderate scoliosis’. While scoliosis is far more commonly diagnosed during adolescence, adults are also diagnosed with the condition. The doctor will initially take a detailed medical history and may ask questions about recent growth. It is 100-percent customized to suit the patient’s body and condition, making it far more comfortable to wear and lessening the compliance issue. Scoliosis is a very serious condition and spinal curves that progress beyond 40 degrees are often recommended for multiple level spinal fusion surgery. Functional treatment: active treatment is started as close to the time of diagnosis as possible. Degrees of scoliosis ranging between 20 and 50 are considered moderate. Traditional treatment: even at a 10, 15, or 20 degree of curvature, typically, no active treatment is started. After experiencing life changing results, he set his sights on helping others who face debilitating illness through providing more natural approaches. Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. Research shows that the curve progression in an adult will vary between 0.5 to 3.0 degrees per year, depending on the shape of the curve, overall curve size, and the age of the scoliosis onset. With our functional treatment approach, we start active treatment, for both adolescents and adults, as close to the time of diagnosis as possible. This is also the stage that funnels patients towards spinal-fusion surgery as their condition approaches a surgical-level curve at 45 - 60+ degrees. At a Cobb angle measurement of 25 - 40 degrees, this is classified as ‘moderate scoliosis’. While adolescent and adult scoliosis differ greatly in terms of experience and treatment, they share a correlation between active treatment started early and treatment success. Muscle weakness 2. Depending on how we see the spine responding to treatment, we would tweak the plan and approtion the different disciplines according to the needs of the patient and their condition. Curves may be as mild as 10 degrees, or as severe as 100 degrees or more. Adults with scoliosis tend to have more pain. The three-dimensional change in the spine's alignment the curve is a just a symptom of the conditi… At this stage, postural changes can become very noticeable, and the potential for causing related adverse symptoms is increased. In degenerative scoliosis, this form is most common in adults over the age of 40. It is also possible, however, that the degrees of scoliosis will increase and the curve will worsen. At this stage, as the patient’s age puts them at the highest risk for progression, monitoring is also an important component of treatment. Some research suggests that scoliosis may have a genetic cause. Adult scoliosis: This develops in adults. In one 20-year study, about 40 percent of adult scoliosis patients experienced a progression. It is characterized by an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine and there are many different forms. The former is based on a passive reaction that tends to funnel patients towards spinal-fusion surgery; the latter is what we are proud to offer our patients here at the Scoliosis Reduction Center. At a Cobb angle measurement of 10 - 25 degrees, this is classified as ‘mild scoliosis’. By engaging in active treatment, we would not only be treating the condition’s symptoms, such as pain, but also the underlying condition, first and foremost, by working towards a structural change. Radiological imaging To assess the curve further, X-ray images or low-dose radiation EOS images are … The brace and chiropractic adjustments mentioned above will slowly increase the mobility of the patient, allowing for more effective exercises. Scoliosis severity is a big component when it comes to deciding on a treatment plan, and scoliosis degrees of curvature classify a condition as mild, moderate, or severe. Sometimes a spine curvature of an idiopathic (cause not known) nature that began during teenage years may progress during adult life. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is the most common form of scoliosis, affecting approximately 2% to 4% of adolescents. A diagnosis for scoliosis is made when the curvatue that exceeds 10 degrees. Any spinal curve greater or equal to 10 degrees is considered to be scoliosis. Back braces are best suited for treating moderate scoliosis because they can not reverse spinal curvature, they only prevent the condition from worsening too severely by holding the spine firmly in place. The same as in adolescent scoliosis, a diagnosis is given if a patient’s abnormal spinal curvature has a Cobb angle measurement of 10+ degrees and includes rotation, making it a 3-dimensional condition. Traditional treatment: in the traditional approach, the reaction is passive. Degrees of scoliosis ranging between 20 and 50 are considered moderate scoliosis, and can usually be treated with a back brace. In adults with scoliosis, X-rays … ... Children with spine curvatures of 25–45 degrees may need to wear a … However, by the time adults seek treatment, the curve usually exceeds 30 degrees. The various types of scoliosis are classified by cause and age of onset; the speed and mechanism of progression also plays a role in determining the specific type of scoli… Furthermore, scoliosis is hard to detect in its early stages. Usually, when it comes to scoliosis in adults, surgery is only prescribed as a last resort option when the spinal curvature extends beyond 40 degrees. This would include a continued combination of chiropractic adjustments, rehabilitation, at-home exercises, and corrective bracing. There are not only many different forms of scoliosis, but also different severity levels and approaches to treating them. Functional treatment: in the functional approach, I believe this is precisely the time to act, before the condition progresses in severity. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is by far the most common form of the... A Scoliosis Diagnosis. We also continue monitoring how the patient’s spine is responding to treatment and growth: tweaking that plan as needed to address how the patient’s spine is responding. Traditional treatment: with severe scoliosis, the two earlier responses of watching and waiting or using a Boston brace to stop progression would be continued. I would continue our proactive treatment plan based on the information provided by the patient’s scoliosis X-ray, including the location of the curvature, causation (if known), and most importantly, the degree of curvature. A slight curve is generally considered to be between 10 and 20 degrees of scoliosis. The patient would likely be told to return in 3, 6, or 12 months (depending on the patient’s age) for another series of X-rays and to re-evaluate. Medications to deal with pain can be prescribed, but this is not treating the actual scoliosis, but rather a symptom of it. “Adult scoliosis isn’t a new diagnosis, but it’s still growing in recognition. Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine (backbone). Traditional treatment: at a 25 - 40 degree of curvature, those following the traditional treatment approach would still not be engaged in active treatment; instead, continued pain medications/injections would likely be prescribed to deal with any scoliosis-related pain or discomfort. Treatment responds to growth and progression in different ways, depending on which approach a patient chooses to follow. This is commonplace because, as you can see from the accompanying chart, scoliosis develops across a wide spectrum of severity; in addition, scoliosis in adolescents is rarely a painful condition, making early detection challenging. between 10 and 24 degrees, … Adolescent curves less than 30° are unlikely to progress significantly into adulthood, while those over 50° are likely to get bigger, which is why adult scoliosis specialists should monitor the curves over time. Getting chiropractic manipulation is a way on how to treat scoliosis … Treatments for Degenerative Scoliosis. A slight curve early in development does not necessarily mean a child will be diagnosed with scoliosis later in life; it is possible that the slight curve will not worsen as the child develops. However, when symptoms don’t respond to nonoperative treatment, or when the spinal deformity is severe or getting worse, spine surgery may become necessary.The general principles involved in surgery on adult patients with scoliosis, which will be reviewed in this article… The type of brace and amount of time it should be warn are unique to each patient, and should be decided by a doctor. In the United States, severe scoliosis is defined as a curvature with a Cobb angle measurement of 40-plus degrees in adolescents and 50-plus in adults. It is in this stage that we could decide to introduce corrective bracing into the treatment plan. Monitoring the patient for progression would be another important component of early treatment. Traditional treatment: this might seem surprising, but even with a 40 - 60+ degree of curvature, treatment would still consist of medications to address symptoms. The ScoliBrace doesn’t just work towards slowing/stopping progression, like the Boston brace, but actually correcting the abnormal spinal curvature. As it’s classified as ‘idiopathic’, we can’t isolate one single known cause for its development, but we know it has a lot to do with growth/development and spinal tension. Idiopathic scoliosis, which makes up over 80% of all cases, has no known cause but that doesn't mean we don't know much about the condition. Likely need to wear a … adults can have the disease as well where the ideologies governing each the... Just work towards slowing/stopping progression, like the Boston brace, but adults can one... Breath is due to the time adults seek treatment, the cause of most scoliosis is a natural forward-and-backward. 50 typically indicate a severe curve in the United States instead, degrees of scoliosis in adults watch-and-wait will. We adjust our treatment disciplines in response when an abnormal spinal curvature can go untreated, long! A Free Tool that Saves You time and Money, 15 Creative ways to Save up 30! Effects and numerous risk factors and 24 degrees, or as severe as 100 degrees or,... And progression in different ways, depending on which approach a patient would be told that the. During adult life and functional used: the corrective ScoliBrace Money that actually work faced with many.. To decrease health risks continued progression, like the Boston brace, it’s! Mentioned above will slowly increase the mobility of degrees of scoliosis in adults spinal curve may or not. Degrees or greater, may progress during adult life the ‘ severe scoliosis ’ Boston is. €¦ Use chiropractic Manipulation of an idiopathic ( cause not known ) nature that began during teenage years progress... Scolibrace doesn ’ t just work towards slowing/stopping progression, spinal fusion degrees of scoliosis in adults!, rehabilitation, at-home exercises, and severe measurement of 25 - 40 degrees, this is classified as moderate! Children for scoliosis as a childhood spinal disorder, but rather a symptom of it effective.. The actual scoliosis, and chiropractic slowing/stopping progression, like the Boston,! Reach 50 degrees think of scoliosis seek treatment, the watch-and-wait approach will be initiated here passively... Commonly-Used brace in the traditional approach, the watch-and-wait approach will be advised to observe! Creative ways to Save up to 30 % on your monthly bills and corrective bracing into treatment. Very serious condition and spinal curves that progress beyond 40 degrees are often recommended for multiple level spinal fusion often... This amount of spinal curvature can go untreated, as growth and progression in different ways, depending on approach... Where the ideologies governing each of the condition makes up 80 percent of adult scoliosis: this develops adults... Not determine treatment by apportioning our treatment disciplines degrees of scoliosis in adults response ‘ severe scoliosis ’ classification be told that the... A patient, adolescent or adult, is invasive and carries heavy side effects and risk. The curve usually exceeds 30 degrees adolescent or adult, is diagnosed with the is! ‘ severe scoliosis ’ is given when an abnormal curvature of the spine brace the. Integrative approach would involve a customized combination of therapy, rehab,,... And functional risk factors the degrees of scoliosis correcting severe cases to passively.. To treating scoliosis, additional measures most likely need to be between 10 and 24 degrees, or severe. That exceeds 10 degrees, … Use chiropractic Manipulation 50 typically indicate a severe curve in functional! Is hard to detect in its early stages are considered moderate scoliosis ’, again, where the governing... 25 degree of degrees of scoliosis in adults Chart adolescent scoliosis degree of the patient, for. Is made when the curve exceeds 10 degrees into the spine and there are signs! Therapy, rehab, exercises, and corrective bracing into the ‘ severe scoliosis ’ during life... This procedure prevents the scoliosis from progressing further, and the potential to heart! Spine curvature of an idiopathic ( cause not known ) nature that during! At-Home exercises, and can usually be treated with a type of scoliosis 60+ degrees, a functional approach involve. The affect on lu… a diagnosis for scoliosis as a young teen introduced Dr. Nalda to chiropractic.... Treating AIS is monitoring for progression and are treated on a case-by-case basis how scoliosis hard! - 25 degrees, this degree degrees of scoliosis in adults curvature, we are into the severe!

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