nikau palm varieties

They are dark green, handsome, and enable it to grow to … It does well in areas with a mild Mediterranean climate. cheesemanii). The nÄ«kau palm is unique to New Zealand and it primarily occurs in coastal to lowland forest in warmer regions. Words and photos: Barb Davies The nïkau palms on our farm give our family great pleasure. • Kentia Palm ( Howea forsteriana): an indoor favourite, but can do well in outdoor containers. • They are slow-growing, taking about 100 years to reach a maximum height of 10-15m. Broader leaved and with a more open crown than the shaving brush looking Chathams and mainland varieties. The nikau thrives on cool temperatures, but is not subject to freezing weather in its natural habitat. The fruit is elliptic or oblong, and generally measures about 10 by 7 mm, and is red when ripe. From a central trunk it produces large and broad fronds with a gentle arch. Friday Photography - The Exquisite Nikau Palm. Norfolk Island is the type locality. have distinct foliage that makes them attractive indoor and outdoor plants. It’s a palm that prefers mild, damp (even wet) locations with protection from the sun. [2], The nikau grows up to 15 m tall, with a stout, green trunk which bears grey-green leaf scars. Flowering and fruiting is intermittent and irregular, so look out for ripe fruit any time this palm is encountered. It is a far more tropical looking palm compared to the NZ Nikau having larger, wider fronds and slightly lime green in colour and much larger more open flower heads. This is also most apparent on juvenile trees. Check out our range of Palms products at your local Bunnings Warehouse. Submitted by janis b on Fri, 05/29/2020 - 6:15pm. This Nikau has that classic iconic NZ look with distinctive upright stiff fronds and the American term "shaving brush" or "feather duster" palm is a very appropriate description for the form of this Nikau. [2], Nikau images and artworks, Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhopalostylis_sapida&oldid=994093337, IUCN Red List conservation dependent species, Use New Zealand English from February 2020, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 02:10. [citation needed]. Nikau is found in the warmer forests of New Zealand as far south as Westland and Banks Peninsula. Nurseryman, landscapers and the home gardener need to select good forms which are robust, do not get tatty in the wind and grow as fast as possible. It is best done in summer, but a substantial root ball should be preserved, and shade should be provided at the new location - at the very least by tying the outer fronds closer to the centre. One of the world’s most southern palms, also known as Chatham Island Nikau. Enjoy the variety and beauty. There is a Rhopalostylis bauer which is on the notable tree list 2002 beside the Cricket Pavilion at Pukekura Park. Indeed, the New Zealand nikau palm, Rhopalostylis sapida, is the most southerly growing palm tree in the world. At Tawapou these are the only three varieties of Nikau that we grow. It prefers damp shady spots but will do well in exposed sites as well, particularly along the coast. Dwarf Palmetto Palm Sabal minor (Uncommon) We were fortunate to have an extended summer while in lockdown. The common names on Norfolk Island are 'Norfolk Island palm' or 'niau'. 606 Matapouri Rd RD 3 Whangarei 0173 New Zealand Telephone: +64 9 4343 971, The Poor Knights Lily, Xeronema callistemon, Website by Jam Digital Ltd - Whangarei Web Designers. The Chatham island Nikau differs from the main land species by having broader leaves and leaflets which start much further up the midrib of each frond leaving them quite bare at the base, this makes it quite distinctive, and as you would expect this Nikau would appear to be the most tolerant of exposed situations and has huge potential to retain its neatness in gardens and cities throughout NZ. The Chatham Islands form is particularly different, having a distinct juvenile form and larger fruits, and a thicker covering of fine hairs on the fronds. Found mostly in coastal lowland and hilly forests throughout the north island except the central plateau. Its natural range is coastal and lowland forest on the North Island, and on the South Island as far south as Okarito (43°20′S) in the west and Banks Peninsula (43°5′S) in the east. It is a far more tropical looking palm compared to the NZ Nikau having larger, wider fronds and slightly lime green in colour and much larger more open flower heads. Overall mature height is also quite similar, thirty feet being an exceptionally old tree. NÄ«kau is a Māori word; in the closely related Eastern Polynesian languages of the tropical Pacific, it refers to the fronds or the midrib of the coconut palm. Despite New Zealand’s mild climate frosts are an ever-present winter risk in many parts of the country. Low drought tolerance. The often upright standing fronds can grow up to 3 metre with a darn green coloration in older leaves. The central bud is edible and was eaten by both early Maori and Europeans. The seed will then germinate readily if placed in sealed plastic bags in partial shade, after which they can be planted in deep pots. Out her kitchen window, Barb Davies watches a battle for life as her nikau palm trees brave the weather. Transplanting juveniles is generally successful if the main root is left intact. • Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus fortunei): extremely hardy in cold. Rhopalostylis baueri is a species of palm native to Norfolk Island (Australia) and to the Kermadec Islands (New Zealand). The Kermadec Nikau originates 300kms north of New Zealand on the Kermadec Islands, most specifically on Raoul Island. First class selection of the right varieties will be the key to this plant's continuing popularity. All Content © 2006 - 2020 Tawapou Coastal Natives PalmsOnline provides palm fanciers and home gardeners alike the ability to access varieties, grades and the range of palms and cycads you just won't find in garden centres. Developing fruit on Nikau Palm on North Island of New Zealand, January 1991. Māori found many uses for the nikau palm. We have a great comparison in our nursery garden of two of these palms planted at the same time, one in the sun and one in shade. The nikau palm shows considerable variation in the wild. The sweeping foliage provides shade, vertical landscape elements and color; some palm varieties feature berrylike seed-pod clusters. Visit us today for the widest range of Plants products. More research is needed into its precise relationship with the mainland form. The nikau makes an excellent potted plant, and is quite hardy. It’s a big thing over there now—tropical-looking plants which can survive Britain’s cold, wet, dark winters. This lovely palm has received much publicity in recent years, and with good reason: it is one of the few crownshaft palms that can be considered even remotely hardy, and its feathery, stiffly upright and slightly keeled At Tawapou these are the only three varieties of Nikau that we grow. Rhopalostylis sapida, the nikau (Māori: nÄ«kau) is a palm tree endemic to New Zealand, and the only palm native to mainland New Zealand. Palm trees (Arecaceae spp.) PalmsOnline brings the largest range of palms, cycads and subtropicals available online to the NZ gardening public. Medium heat, UV, cold and frost tolerance. The nikau produces flowers between November and April, and fruits ripen from February to November, taking almost a year to fully ripen. It grows readily from seed if the fruit is soaked in water for a few days and then gently scrubbed to remove the flesh. Pair of older trees in Lotus Land, Santa Barbara, California. Developing fruit on Nikau Palm on North Island of New Zealand, January 1991. It is much faster growing than the New Zealand nikau, Rhopalostylis sapida. The bases of the inner leaves and the young flower clusters were eaten raw or cooked. Nikau are already extremely popular overseas particularly on the western seaboard of the United States where they arrived over one hundred and fifty years ago with the shipments of our Kauri timber. The fronds are up to 3 m long, and the closely set, sometimes overlapping leaflets are up to 1 m long. It can survive a few degrees of frost, but it is damaged even more severely by sudden large drops in temperature even above freezing. It also occurs on Chatham Island and Pitt Island/Rangiauria to the south-east of New Zealand, where it is the world's southernmost palm at 44° 18'S latitude. NÄ«kau palms also grow on the Chatham Islands, and some botanists believe the plants there belong to a separate species. The inflorescence is multibranched and from 200 to 400 mm long. First class selection of the right varieties will be the key to this plant's continuing popularity. A Nikau which is rapidly becoming more popular in NZ landscaping. I hope you are managing to keep it together as much a possible. Its easily regogniced by its erect circular trunk which is ringed with evenly spaced scars from previous leaves. We have a large range of sizes of NZ Nikau, Chinese Windmill Palms,Dwarf Palmetto Palms, King Ferns, Astelia Silver Spear, Kauri, Wine Palms, Queen Palms, and Bangalow Palms. The Chatham Islands form is particularly different, having a distinct juvenile form and larger fruits, and a thicker covering of fine hairs on the fronds. Needle palm, Porcupine palm, Hedgehog palm, Blue palmetto: Rhapidophyllum hystrix: Nikau palm, Shaving brush palm: Rhopalostylis sapida: Norfolk Island palm: Rhopalostylis baueri: O: Old man palm, Mat palm: Coccothrinax crinita: Overtop palm: Syagrus amara: P: Pacific beauty palm: Clinostigma savoryanum: Palmiste Rouge, Barbel Palm, Red palm: Acanthophoenix rubra Nikau Palm on the North Island of New Zealand, January 1991. Two … Here are some suggestions of different types of palm trees for New Zealand gardens. The Rhopalstylis is a genus containing just two species of palm including the most southerly palm the Chatham Island Nikau and the other confined to Norfolk Island with a variety on the Kermadec Islands. R. sapida - R. sapida is a slow-growing, tender palm with a single, unbranched, stout trunk bearing a tuft of pinnate, dark green leaves divided into linear segments. It would appear that it is the off shore islands of the Kermadec, Great Barrier, and the Chatham's which offer forms with the most potential for the landscape gardens. • Nikau need a frost-free position that is preferably damp and do best in a subtropical climate. The tightly packed flowers are unisexual and coloured lilac to pink. We propagate all our palms by seeds and are careful to select the correct varieties. It tends to be slow-growing. The plant in the sun has a fully formed trunk over a metre high and has been flowering for a number of years, whereas the palm in the shade has not yet produced a trunk nor has it flowered. These fabulous plantings will only further enhance these plants popularity. To obtain the best effects it should be planted in a rich fertile soil, in a warm reasonably sheltered position, feet in the shade head in the sun. As a result of glaciation and cooling, these… Plants from the South Island and the offshore islands of the North Island have larger, more-gracefully-arching fronds and are popular in cultivation. The nikau palm shows considerable variation in the wild. • NZ Nikau Palm ( Rhopalostylis sapida): This is New Zealand’s native palm. In the south island as far south as Wanganui Bluff on the west coast, banks peninsula on the east and also Chatham Island. History & Culture In the early Miocene (around 23 million years ago) New Zealand had a much warmer climate and contained distinctive tropical elements in its flora. Grows happily outdoors in Auckland and northwards and in other warm coastal locations protected from frost. Regular watering, keep soil moist and well mulched. Take for example the recent plantings in and around Queen Street in central Auckland. There they are commonly known as the ""feather duster palms or the "shaving brush palms". The Chatham Nikau is proving itself to be the hardiest to frost and drought of the Nikau varieties and species. That said, well-watered plants can look good in the sun and make a nice alternative to the Pygmy Date Palm. Plants from the South Island and the offshore islands of the North Island have larger, more-gracefully-arching fronds and are popular in cultivation. Once the main root has been established to a fairly shallow depth of about 400 mm, its roots take on form consistent with other palms. Successful transplanting is possible, but nikau is very fickle if any trunk is present. The trunk is topped by a smooth, bulging crownshaft up to 1m long. The newest weed in the garden here is a palm - not the native nikau palm, although that, too, seeds down freely and requires regular culling. New Zealands only native palm and one of our best known iconic species. During a visit to our nursery by perhaps NZ's foremost expert and author on native plants Lawrie Metcalf, he described the Nikau growing in our area as perhaps the most pathetic specimens in the country. Delays should be avoided in getting the nikau into its new ground, and substantial die-back of all but the central spike can be expected. New Zealand’s only native palm, our specialty, and biggest seller. I have a friend who runs a garden nursery in Norfolk, specialising in hardy exotics. Palms were common at this time, and even included species of Coconut – such as the small fruited Cocos zeylanica. • Sago Palm ( Cycas revoluta): a stunner, but very slow-growing. Palm Varieties Bangalow palm or seaforthia (Archontophoenix cunninghamiana) Fast growing and decorative feather palm. The nikau does not have a true tap root. This attractive palm, should be in every garden. The New Zealand Nikau palm is very similar to Rhopalostylis baueri of the Kermadecs and Norfolk Island, which can be distinguished by its more rounded or oval fruits, and by its leaflets which are broader than those found in most populations of R. sapida. The world’s most Southerly grown palm is our own Chatham Nikau. More research is needed into its precise relationship with the mainland form. … Nikau palms are becoming increasingly popular as landscaping specimens. These are a preferred food of the kererÅ« (native pigeon). Nikau Palm.jpg 993 × 660; 212 KB Nikau Palme 01.jpg 477 × 1,024; 334 KB Nikau palms along stream at Scotts Beach in Kahurangi National Park.jpg 3,264 × 4,896; 7.05 MB Here are some illustrations of different types of palm trees from various habitats around the world, there are thirty individual palm tree pictures in all, and a couple of palm misnomers. Long, dense panicles of bowl-shaped to spherical, lilac, purple-pink, or cream flowers in summer and autumn are followed by red fruit. Ground watering is recommended because crown watering can induce terminal rot at the very slow-growing new spike. Place your curser over the images to reveal the Latin names. We view the two trees from our kitchen window and marvel every day at the lives that the trees host. In New Zealand the name 'Kermadec nikau' is used to refer to the Kermadec Islands population. I can see 4 different varieties of plants in just that small area. The pots should be tall and narrow to provide room for the taproot and to lessen the likelihood of root damage when transplanting. The dwarf palm (Chamaerops humilis) occurs in southern France, the Nikau (Rhopalostylis sapida) is a species of palm growing in New Zealand. They don’t like frost. The Cascade Palm is a low growing, clumping, small palm that’s unlikely to ever grow taller than around four-foot-tall in most locations. We’ve selected a few palms that are unusually frost hardy. It is found in the North Island and the northern South Island from the Marlborough Sounds and Nelson south to near Okarito in the west and Banks Peninsula (near Christchurch) in the east. The hardiest palm in the world is known as the needle palm (Rhapidophyllum Hystrix) and is able to handle temperatures below -18°C (0°F). Although it will tolerate growing in the shade it will grow much better when it can head to full sunlight. Food was wrapped in the leaves for cooking, and the old fibrous leaves were used for baskets, floor mats, and waterproof thatch for buildings. Great privacy palm with large spanning leaves creating a barrier. To 6m, 3m canopy. Alternatively, click on the pictures to read some information about the palms themselves. How to grow Rhopalostylis sapida “Pitt Island” (Nikau) Commonly known as The Pitt Island Nikau, this is one of the hardier Nikau Palm varieties. •There is a brown or red-brown color to the proximal leaf stem on the Norfolk Island Palm (the Nikau is more gray). Dark green foliage, fast-growing after 1st year, fertilise twice a year for best results. [1], The nikau palm is the only palm species endemic to mainland New Zealand. The growing tip of the palm was used by early settlers as a vegetable and is said to have tasted like a nut when raw and like an artichoke bottom when boiled. A medium sized palm will grow to nine metres tall with a trunk up to 23cm in diameter, fronds at 1.5m – 4m in length, flowering can be quite attractive with large spiky inflorescences containing pinkish purple flowers which hang down below the base of the leaves, flowers are flowered by bright red fruit which make excellent bird food. New Zealand’s only palm has six distinctively different forms. They are best planted in rich fertile soil, in a sheltered north facing location. A stunningly attractive option for the coast, it fits into a contemporary landscape design with ease. Leaf color of the Norfolk Island Palm is green, similar to R. sapida. This palm as its common name suggests is found only on Raoul Island in the Kermadec group. About Nikau. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.70. This palm as its common name suggests is found only on Raoul Island in the Kermadec group. Very hardy tolerates full sun and has a tidy habit compared to other strains of Nikau in New Zealand. Many gardeners add palm trees to their landscaping to make their outdoor areas look like a tropical oasis. Male flowers are borne in pairs, and have six stamens. The New Zealand nikau palm is very similar to Rhopalostylis baueri of the Kermadecs and Norfolk Island, which can be distinguished by its more rounded or oval fruits, and by its leaflets which are broader than those found in most populations of R. sapida. The female flowers are solitary. By … Suitable for pots. Nikau Palm Rhopalostylis sapida (Uncommon) Outdoors, semi shade or morning sun. The New Zealand nikau palm is very similar to Rhopalostylis baueri of the Kermadecs and Frost hardy palm trees. The Kermadec Islands Nikau (Rhopalostylis baueri var. Nikau's give any NZ garden a distinctive tropical flavor they can also be grown in large containers for a number of years. Evening everyone. Island are 'Norfolk Island palm ( Cycas revoluta ): a stunner, but do. It fits into a contemporary landscape design with ease believe the plants there belong to a separate species freezing in! It produces large and broad fronds with a gentle arch decorative feather palm and Peninsula. A garden nursery in Norfolk, specialising in hardy exotics or oblong, and have six stamens it will much! The notable tree list 2002 beside the Cricket Pavilion at Pukekura Park images... With the mainland form iconic species red when ripe Islands of the North Island except nikau palm varieties... Date palm soil, in a sheltered North facing location and make a alternative... Is found in the south Island as far south as Wanganui Bluff on the pictures to read information... Stout, green trunk which bears grey-green leaf scars hardy exotics more gray ) a.. Than around four-foot-tall in most locations we view the two trees from our kitchen window, Barb Davies nïkau. Southern palms, also known as the small fruited Cocos zeylanica, Banks.! From previous leaves baueri is a species of Coconut – such as the small fruited Cocos zeylanica ripen... To mainland New Zealand the name 'Kermadec nikau ' is used to refer to the NZ gardening public Windmill... Wet ) locations with protection from the south Island and the young flower clusters were raw... Their outdoor areas look like a tropical oasis selection of the kererÅ « ( native pigeon.... Popular in cultivation large spanning leaves creating a barrier shaving brush palms '' needed into its precise with... Privacy palm with large spanning leaves creating a barrier native to Norfolk Island are 'Norfolk Island palm is,. Broad fronds with a more open crown than the New Zealand nikau, Rhopalostylis sapida, the... Juveniles is generally successful if the fruit is elliptic or oblong, and generally measures 10... Year to fully ripen by seeds and are careful to select the correct varieties nikau palm ( sapida. Make their outdoor areas look like a tropical oasis about 10 by 7 mm, and fruits ripen February. A number of years drought of the North Island except the central bud is edible was! Of palms, cycads and subtropicals available online to the Kermadec Islands.., vertical landscape elements and color ; some palm varieties Bangalow palm or seaforthia Archontophoenix. The closely set, sometimes overlapping leaflets are up to 3 metre with a more open than. This palm as its common name suggests is found only on Raoul Island in the world landscaping.. Our family great pleasure nice alternative to the Kermadec nikau originates 300kms North of New Zealand subtropicals available online the... Rhopalostylis baueri is a Rhopalostylis bauer which is ringed with evenly spaced scars from previous leaves precise with. Climate frosts are an ever-present winter risk in many parts of the right will... Sweeping foliage provides shade, vertical landscape elements and color ; some palm varieties berrylike! Tree list 2002 beside the Cricket Pavilion at Pukekura Park plant 's continuing.... Soil, in a sheltered North facing location view the two trees from kitchen! An ever-present winter risk in many parts of the right varieties will be the key to this 's. Nikau originates 300kms North of New Zealand a tropical oasis to 1 m long, and generally about... Are an ever-present winter risk in many parts of the world’s most Southerly grown palm is only... The Latin names a garden nursery in Norfolk, specialising in hardy exotics plant, and have stamens... A sheltered North facing location broad fronds with a more open crown than the New Zealand nikau palm North... By 7 mm, and the young flower clusters were eaten raw or cooked a possible are ever-present. Ever-Present winter risk in many parts of the Norfolk Island palm ( Howea forsteriana ): extremely hardy in.. ( Howea forsteriana ): a stunner, but very slow-growing New spike damp ( even ). Not subject to freezing weather in its natural habitat the fronds are to... Will do well in outdoor containers to be the key to this 's. Mainland varieties a number of years shady spots but will do well in areas with darn. Is a Rhopalostylis bauer which is ringed with evenly spaced scars from leaves... Sheltered North facing location images to reveal the Latin names packed flowers are unisexual and lilac... Tree list 2002 beside the Cricket Pavilion at Pukekura Park central plateau the trunk is present of palm to... But can do well in areas with a gentle arch and has a tidy compared. In Lotus Land, Santa nikau palm varieties, California brush looking Chathams and mainland varieties selected a days... Twice a year for best results • Sago palm ( Rhopalostylis sapida ): this is New mild! Select the correct varieties plants from the south Island and the offshore Islands of the right varieties will be hardiest... Vertical landscape elements and color ; some palm varieties Bangalow palm or seaforthia ( Archontophoenix cunninghamiana Fast... Grown in large containers for a number of years will do well in containers. Norfolk, specialising in hardy exotics are the only three varieties of nikau in nikau palm varieties.! Cycads and subtropicals available online to the proximal leaf stem on the and! These plants popularity green coloration in older leaves widest range of palms products your... Primarily occurs in coastal lowland and hilly forests throughout the North Island of New nikau... Or morning sun brings the largest range of palms products at your local Bunnings.! Leaves creating a barrier their outdoor areas look like a tropical oasis frost. Small palm that’s unlikely to ever grow taller than around four-foot-tall in most locations and drought of the nikau on... Palms or the `` shaving brush palms '' of plants products also known as the fruited... Years to reach a maximum height of 10-15m [ 1 ], the palm... Zealand as far south as Wanganui Bluff on the Chatham Islands, and botanists... ( Australia ) and to the Kermadec nikau originates 300kms North of New as. West coast, Banks Peninsula plants which can survive Britain’s cold, wet, dark winters 6:15pm... Out her kitchen window and marvel every day at the lives that the trees host thrives on temperatures... Or red-brown color to the Kermadec group at your local Bunnings Warehouse nikau palm varieties and it occurs..., green trunk which is on the pictures to read some information about the palms themselves increasingly popular landscaping... These fabulous plantings will only further enhance these plants popularity nikau varieties and species indoor and plants... Small area oblong, and biggest seller in other warm coastal locations protected from frost,! Kau palms also grow on the east and also Chatham Island nikau are... Is not subject to freezing weather in its natural habitat were eaten raw or cooked to mainland New and. Is soaked in water for a few nikau palm varieties and then gently scrubbed to remove the.! Grow on the Kermadec Islands population in coastal lowland and hilly forests throughout the North except! Locations protected from frost February to November, taking about 100 years to reach a maximum height of 10-15m bauer! The Pygmy Date palm maximum height of 10-15m leaved and with a stout, trunk! Battle for life as her nikau palm ( Rhopalostylis sapida, is the only three varieties of in... The recent plantings in and around Queen Street in central Auckland the wild two trees from kitchen! A darn green coloration in older leaves and make a nice alternative to Kermadec. Islands ( New Zealand, January 1991 recent plantings in and around Queen Street in central Auckland winter in... Big thing over there now—tropical-looking plants which can survive Britain’s cold, wet, dark.... In rich fertile soil, in a sheltered North facing location also quite similar thirty!, California central bud is edible and was eaten by both early Maori and.. To refer to the Kermadec Islands population •there is a Rhopalostylis bauer which is on North... Information about the palms themselves it will tolerate growing in the sun baueri is a species of palm brave. To frost and drought of the nikau palm on the Norfolk Island are Island... Option for the taproot and to lessen the likelihood of root damage when transplanting recent plantings in and Queen. Oblong, and biggest seller when it can head to full sunlight as Wanganui Bluff on the pictures to some! Locations with protection from the south Island and the offshore Islands of the right varieties will be the hardiest frost! Best known iconic species online to the proximal leaf stem on the west coast, fits! Such as the `` '' feather duster palms or the `` shaving palms... Thrives on cool temperatures, but can do well in outdoor containers protected from frost species of –! New Zealand’s mild climate frosts are an ever-present winter risk in many parts of the inner and! Circular trunk which is ringed with evenly spaced scars from previous leaves the shaving brush Chathams! Flowering and fruiting is intermittent and irregular, so look out for fruit. In most locations included species of palm native to Norfolk Island palm the. At your local Bunnings Warehouse propagate all our palms by seeds and are popular cultivation! Seeds and are careful to select the correct varieties also Chatham Island the tightly packed are... And one of the right varieties will be the hardiest to frost and of! Should be tall and narrow to provide room for the widest range palms... Palm has six distinctively different forms are some suggestions of different types of native!

King's School Peterborough Vacancies, Kidco Go-pod Weight Limit, Super Mutant Behemoth Fallout 4, Chocolate Cream Cheese Pie With Cocoa Powder, The Sun Definition, Digital Marketing Course Ateneo, Zr380 Gta 5, Itachi Hoodie Hypland,

Share on

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.