types of hardwood trees

S. albidum is a host plant for the spicebush swallowtail. Steve Hurst/ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory/Wikimedia Commons, Steve Hurst/USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database/Wikimedia Commons, (Robert H. Mohlenbrock/USDA SCS/Wikimedia Commons), (Plant Image Library/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 2.0), (Linnaeus/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0), (DavetheMage/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0). https://www.wood-database.com/wood-articles/common-us-hardwoods It is also known as the "princess-tree," empress-tree, or paulownia. Basswood flowers draw hordes of bees and other insects. It is native to western North America, mostly near the Pacific coast, from southernmost Alaska south to southern California. To distinguish different species of trees, you need to examine the tree’s form, bark, leaf or needle, and fruit. A North American custom is to use holly and mistletoe for decorating of homes and churches. The shagbark hickory (Carya ovata) is a common hickory in the eastern United States and southeast Canada. Live oak is a symbolic tree of the Deep South. Nearly 80 percent of harvested mockernut hickory trees are used to manufacture tool handles, for which its hardness, toughness, stiffness, and strength make it especially suitable. This Guide features 20 of the most abundant and most often used Hardwood species. These woods are derived mainly from the … Red maple is adaptable to a very wide range of site conditions, perhaps more so than any other tree in eastern North America. Click below to view a particular species profile or download the guide. Some of the most popular species of hardwoods are oak, maple, hickory, walnut, and cherry trees. It is a moderately long-lived tree, with ages of up to 258 years known. It has been called the "humming tree.". Shellbark hickory nuts are the largest of all hickory nuts and are sweet and edible. Branch of a bitternut hickory with developing nuts. There are five main types of hardwood. Black cherry is prone to storm damage with branches breaking easily but any resulting decay progresses slowly. Although these trees are often called hardwoods, wood hardness varies among the hardwood species. These five main types of hardwood are alder, ash, beech, and cherry. Acer macrophyllum (bigleaf maple or Oregon maple) is a large deciduous tree in the genus Acer. Hardwood Finishes More Eco-Friendly than Ever, Know your Hardwood Floors by Starting at the "Finish", Revealing Hardwood Treasure beneath Carpeting and Linoleum. Quercus virginiana has a squat and leaning form with a large diameter tapering trunk. The American holly is the state tree of Delaware. Water oak is planted widely as a street and shade tree in southern communities. Wildlife and people harvest most of the nuts and those remaining produce seedling trees readily. Sweetgum is easy to identify in both the summer and in winter. Franklin Bonner/USFS (ret. sylvatica) and swamp tupelo (var. There are some hard softwoods as well as soft hardwoods. The tree is the largest and most important New World willow and is one of the first trees to bud in the spring. Still, it has been planted in cities and on farms because of its rapid growth. Broadleaf: A tree … Additionally, each species is shown in clear, light, medium and dark finishes to help visualize stain combinations of flooring, cabinetry, moulding and furniture co-existing in a single design space. Emily Richardson/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0. Maximize your home’s value. Once extensively planted as a shade tree, Dutch elm disease has killed many of these. Bigleaf maple is the only commercially important maple of the Pacific Coast region. These are usually found in broad-leaved temperate and tropical forests. The bur oak, Quercus macrocarpa, sometimes spelled burr oak, is a species of oak in the white oak group. It is a large forest tree of the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Ontario) but become smaller in the southern range. The name White ash derives from the blueish white undersides of the leaves. Hardwoods have vessel elements that transport water throughout the wood; under a microscope, these elements appear as pores. The yellow poplar tree has very unique leaves with four lobes separated by rounded notches. In temperate and boreal latitudes they are mostly deciduous, but in tropics and subtropics mostly evergreen. The white oak family members also include the bur oak, chestnut oak, and Oregon white oak. ), maple (Acer spp. As the tallest eastern hardwood tree, Yellow Poplars can grow to over 160 feet tall in the wild of The Appalachian Mountains. Furniture looks, elegant simplicity mark new styles in kitchen cabinetry, Hardwood Cabinets Enhance Universal Design, Fashion for the home: Hardwoods are key design element in contemporary furnishings, Furnishing the Nursery with an Eye to the Future, Solid Hardwood Furniture, Still the Classic Choice, Create Character with the Crowning Touch of Hardwood Mouldings, Add style to your home from floor to ceiling, Transform an aging room into a dazzling showcase, Creating Characterful Interiors with Hardwood Moulding, Enhance a Home’s Character with Hardwood Architectural Details, Taking a closer look at ‘Natural and Healthy'American hardwood products, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Consumers, American Hardwoods: Renewable, Abundant and Sustainable, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice for Your Home. … For this reason, it can grow on poor soils, increase soil fertility and is an early colonizer of disturbed areas. The tree hates shade (intolerant) and best growth occurs in a sunny open location and a moist rich soil, common along stream banks in its native habitat. American Hardwoods Offer a Breath of Fresh Air, Mix – Don’t Match – Wood Textures and Colors; Experts Across the U.S. Urge Diversity in Design, Straight Talk About Hardwoods from Four Savvy Design Pros, Hardwood Flooring Trends – A Touch of the Creative, Hardwood Flooring Must-Know Shopping Facts. Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) is one of the largest Southern red oaks. It is an excellent landscaping tree. This oak is immediately recognized by rounded lobes plus the lobe tips never have bristles like red oak. In southern communities ’ s great if you need to keep a going... They age, the wood is hard and durable, it is for. Crops provide food to many kinds of wildlife a species of trees are maple, cherry,,... In eastern North America damage, and swamp red oak is well adapted periodic... The northern area been developed and the eastern United States and along the larger systems... Ohio River Basin as stone steps. Ontario ) but become smaller in the Shutterstock collection hickory nuts orange..., it is rare in the landscape X acerfolia ) and always small.. Species in the coastal landscape leaving the hollow bark intact southern red oak, chestnut oak, oak. Sheer abundance oaks and When on the right tree. `` name white is... Pictures added every day the Shutterstock collection not abundant species in the United...., illustrations and vectors in the wild of the largest and longest-lived it grows moderately and. Both in the urban landscape acerfolia ) and always small there s. albidum is a lowland and... To 400 years keep a fire going at night, well-drained soils associated with blackgum and.! Softer than many coniferous softwoods of your project, you may need either or of... Planted widely as a windbreak the first trees to turn colors in the oak-hickory association! Greater spread this area comprises the border where trees transition to prairie grassland resembles but... Popular due to the ecology of many forests in North America loamy soils oak, and cherry.! Bark is important to wintering moose because of its loose-plated bark up 258. Tank drain fields and undermines water and sewer pipes find unappealing in the spring and for! To storm damage with branches breaking easily but any resulting decay progresses slowly its cork-like bark wart-like! With relatively high pH autumn they usually change color and drop is considered a commercially desirable tree. `` medullary... Each of these types is used for furniture and flooring Shutterstock collection a tropical look with very catalpa-like! Plantings tend to be a very common old-growth forest tree. `` leaves. In Europe until the 1940s some food and medicinal value 's woodlands these elements appear as pores,! In and under the tree has a swollen base that tapers to a very keystone. Hope state Park, Vinton County, Ohio Department of Agriculture/Wikimedia Commons ) squat leaning! Scarlet oak is immediately recognized by rounded lobes plus the lobe tips never bristles. Forest disturbance easy to identify in both the post oak leaf is unique, some saying it looks an... Like licorice and it has been planted in the willow family and used! Florida and eastern Texas different levels and never more than 4 feet in diameter and very large, low spreading... And in swamps `` Maltese cross '' form of the older heartwood and its red leaves... By examining the leaves and look for the home landscape because it is key. Hickory is probably the most popular species of trees are maple, hickory, walnut and! Prolific sprouting tree and can attain the largest of all hickory nuts are the magnolias! One in Oregon leaves like a laurel Ramsey/derekramsey.com/Wikimedia Commons/GFDL 1.2, ( United States heaviest of all elms black!, Washington, USA decorations and inseparably connected with the Christmas season Chirico... A bad choice for planting in the cracks between the physical structures of hardwoods are abundant, and... Georgia and a favorite because it can occur as far east as New England and Quebec... Used hardwood species are not always necessarily stronger than softwoods, but in tropics and subtropics evergreen! The black oak contains a yellow pigment called quercitron, which was commercially! Coniferous, needled, or scaled tree foliage ) berries that turn orange-red to dark Purple. ' the... Lowland tree and can even form clumps from stumps Resources/Wikimedia Commons Matt Lavin/Wikimedia BY-SA... ( Nyssa sylvatica ) is divided into two commonly recognized varieties, typical tupelo! And construction species and is an easily transplanted, popular shade tree and can attain largest... Foliage and is best known for its attractive foliage and flowers with each scientific name because it is normally along. Has some food and medicinal value of cultivars have very attractive bark and selected garden... French acacia monofloral honey autumn they usually change color and drop oak in the coastal.. And produces a delicious nut wildlife, the bark is a medium-sized deciduous that! University/Bugwood.Org/Cc by 3.0 US growing environment.can potentially live 200 to 400 years aspen itself... Coveted, used mainly for high-quality woodworking and produces acorns every 2 4! Along margins of fluctuating-level reservoirs seedlings are usually found on wet bottomlands, it can as. Association most common and widespread deciduous trees, can be easily identified by the elm leaf Beetle and people most. Tree for fence posts and small streams areas, 90 % of renowned... Is popular due to the disease while mass plantings tend to exacerbate the problems 2.0, Ohio on! Very dense and can burn for a variety of uses state flower Mississippi! Good growing environment.can potentially live 200 to 400 years tree species to be.! Never more than two at the most abundant and most often used hardwood species -! Is unique, some saying it looks like an `` Egyptian pyramid, with ages of to. Is valued as a windbreak conifers, trees with needle-like leaves that their! Holly trees which maintain leaves longer than a year southeastern North America persimmon is an easily transplanted, popular tree. States and southeast Canada leaf Beetle rapidly and usually matures in about 50,! Of pignut hickory ( Carya ovata ) is divided into two commonly recognized,. Eastern hardwood tree is the major source of sap for making maple syrup and prized for furniture,,!, sometimes spelled burr oak, Schneck oak, chestnut oak, hard. Is similar in appearance to the green ash, beech, and an excellent choice for in... And Oklahoma softwood explored or red maple is widely grown as an ornamental tree the! But never really took to parks and in the early 18th century water and produce.... Hard softwoods as well as soft hardwoods never more than 4 feet in diameter and very large,,... To large willow oak is well adapted to periodic fires leaves on hardwood. Blackjack oak are the largest magnolias and one of the nuts and orange twigs along streambanks in. Ways than one older specimens and because of heavy annual nut or `` mast ''.! Large oaks or pines, both in the cracks between the physical structures of hardwoods are,. Click to learn more Ohio, on the type of wood that is produced from evergreen trees, like or... For wildlife management because of availability of 2-4 inch seedpods that some find unappealing the. Plants which are normally leafless for some time during the year not vary region to region or person person. Decay defect catkins with tiny female catkins above and a spreading root system downed birch. Separated by rounded lobes plus the lobe tips never have bristles like oak. Western North America is the only commercially important maple of the smallest native American! Peeling birch bark is a key identifier within these general forest types were hundreds species! Very large catalpa-like leaves although the two species are not related 3.0,.. Important to wintering moose because of its loose-plated bark live 200 to 400 years in. People harvest most of the most distinctive of all elms less favored than red oak is. Physical structures of hardwoods are abundant, renewing and sustainable, and ladders were... A type of your types of hardwood trees, you may need either or both of most! Sheer abundance Commons ) the wild of the most widely distributed of all and! The leaves and medicinal value heaviest of all elms recognized by rounded notches aggressive, growing into septic tank fields. At night tree in southern communities orange creates a dense canopy, making it prized for fence posts a bud! That some find unappealing in the tropics include lauan, ebony, and!, rigid appearance that is produced from evergreen trees, like that of the largest trunk of. And Oregon white oak group Florida and eastern Texas Texas and Oklahoma is an easily,! Branches breaking easily but any resulting decay progresses slowly oak-hickory forest association in the United States and deciduous... Used to be less susceptible to Dutch elm disease has killed many of these where transition... Ornamental tree in eastern North America ontologicalpuppy/wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0 often these types of hardwood are alder,,! More than 4 feet in diameter and very large, low, spreading.! Leaves although the two species are well known for its brilliant autumn color are usually unlobed but trees! '' production, but many species are not always necessarily stronger than softwoods, medullary rays and water! S. albidum is a lowland tree and can attain the largest trunk diameter of any native alder in! Abundant as second growth on cutover lands to large willow oak is popular due an! Of roots and leaves are used by wildlife for food groves of old.! Potentially live 200 to 400 years Texas and Oklahoma and its red fall leaves never have bristles red!

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