teaching in refugee camps

Laptops, if any, will have to be shared due to their limited quantity which hinders the ability to teach large classes. Some, like Poch and James, have survived as refugees with no family at all –either lost or killed in the conflict. However, the Ethiopian Government has made a commitment to improve the situation for refugees and give them opportunities to integrate within Ethiopian society, as demonstrated by the government’s nine pledges to support refugees and the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework process in Ethiopia. Education in refugee camps April 12, 2013 4:31 pm ICT has become an essential tool for humanitarian aid work, and its role in both education and healthcare throughout sub-Saharan Africa is indispensable: particularly its use in educating large groups of young refugees, from diverse backgrounds and with varying levels of basic education and literacy. Even if they have the luxury of stable electricity, without the Internet, many struggle to contact their families support or go online to translate information needed to survive in the unknown country they land in. York’s courses will be offered to Dadaab and York students at the same time. School-in-a-box comes in an aluminium case which may rust  and damage quickly. 1) Access to Electricity. Of course, amazing work has been done thus far to counter the problem of Internet access and some camps have managed to successfully get infrastructure up and running. We have also been able to include a portable projector, powered by battery or portable charger as well as speakers to facilitate the dissemination of information in the Raspberry Pi. It is an asset to countering the challenges of bringing education to refugees as the teacher simply needs to connect the Raspberry Pi to a projector and the content can be displayed; no Internet connection needed! Imagine you are in charge of a refugee camp with about 1,000 people. In this article, we will help hash out the challenges and a solution that us here at The Patatas think will work wonders for education, no matter the refugee camp’s condition. A refugee camp is intended as a temporary accommodation for people who have been forced to flee their home because of violence and persecution. The refugee camp population aged 5 to 17, the denominator for the calculation of the enrolment rate, was derived from the 2002 Annual Statistical Reports (ASR). In 2017, it was found that refugees are 50% less likely than people in the developed world to own phones which are new enough to allow for Internet connection. This discrepancy points to how some camps like those reported in Pakistan offer no education while in other camps, like some in Chad, every refugee has access. With no chances to go to college, become professionals, and earn a decent wage, something had to change. Rohingya refugee children leave school after a morning of classes in Shamplapur refugee camp in Cox's Bazaar, Bangladesh, March 26, 2018. Therefore, we suggest using CaseStudy to improve current educational packages sent to refugee camps – no doubt they will prove a useful addition in meeting current limitations in this movement towards using portable classrooms for refugees. This is worrying and results from various challenges. With new skills in teaching methodology, classroom management, and course-specific instruction, their knowledge will be passed on to the children in the camps. Because of his ambition to expand his knowledge, as well as his understanding of the Ethiopian language, Amharic, Poch is the group’s student representative at the college. The UBC-Moi program will start at the camp next summer, with a first cohort of 40 to 80 students. The ESR, launched in 2002, introduced data and indicators for refugee education at the camp level, including enrolment rates, student/teacher ratios, teacher qualifications The materials are also easily set up regardless of location and it is especially helpful as classes can be carried out without Internet connection, electricity or personal digital devices. All five fled the conflict in Sudan and South Sudan. “While a prof is teaching here [in Toronto] it will be online in camp, and then he’ll go to the camp … Refugee camps are practical during emergencies for delivering lifesaving aid, but many refugees displaced are living through protracted situations that require longer term care. As James and Sami explain, “I am proud of this programme. In its simplicity, our innovation will allow refugees to experience the education they deserve using technology, helping them keep up with the times. Obstacles Faced by Refugee Children. By the time educational support was wound down in 1994, over $50 million had been spent by the US and UNICEF. After his father was killed in the conflict in South Sudan, his mother fled to a refugee camp in Ethiopia while he was still in the womb. The opportunity arose because of an ambition to expand knowledge. With incredible determination, he managed to learn Amharic, gain a full primary and secondary education, and become an incentive teacher (in addition to being the best football goal keeper in Sherkole Camp). Education in Za’atari Camp. Teaching and learning in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya. Anur Ismael has been a refugee for 20 years. reaching children in remote areas with life-saving treatment for malnutrition, Laerdal and UNICEF will train 10, 000 health workers to support mothers and newborns in Africa. When he was in Grade 2, a conflict broke out in the camp and he was separated from his mother, never to see her again. While UNDP - United Nations Development Programme Updated: 2020-12-14T07:23:32Z. These refugee student-teachers are part of a new movement of change for the refugee communities. Develop a 'life in a day of a refugee child' timeline with descriptions or drawings.. In a refugee camp in Kurdistan, people are preparing to return to their home city of Mosul. HU, University of Applied Sciences Utrecht, train teachers in teacherskills, teaching design and how to use a learning platform. While humanitarian organisations have worked to use diesel generators to provide electricity, this solution is too expensive and pollutes the camp environment further. Heather Ridge, an agriculture and science teacher at Boulder Universal school in Boulder, Colorado, recently spent 5 weeks volunteering in a refugee camp in … Other subjects taught are math, science, art, music, and special workshops. With this status they cannot legally work in Ethiopia and have had limited opportunities for college or university to enhance their skills and become professionals… Until now. The first obstacle is very simple to … Therefore, there is demand for a more efficient education solution which does not leave any child out of a quality, modern, technology-run education system because of the accessibility of suitable digital devices. Abdalaziz Ramada, Sami Balla, and James Jawalla have been refugees for 7 years. Enrolment in primary schools is 61-63% and that of secondary schools is 23-24% within camps. The opportunities that exist for teachers along the Thai-Burma border are not well-known or much-advertised. In essence, it is a durable, waterproof, shockproof briefcase packed with ready-packed audio-visual materials required for teaching. With new skills in teaching methodology, classroom management, and course-specific instruction, their knowledge will be passed on to the children in the camps. Veteran Sudanese educator launches his own learning centre to give young refugees lessons in English – and peace – at Ethiopian camp. Forced to flee their homes to seek safety, away from war and oppression, 37,000 people are displaced daily. RECRUIT: Standardize and harmonize teacher recruitment and management policies. We are excited to expand our projects to see what changes CaseStudy can bring as well as to continue innovating and using new technologies to help the world’s underrepresented communities. 5. But just being a ‘volunteer teacher’ with no relevant qualifications was not enough. Under The Patatas’ own Project Digi-Eskwela, we came up with CaseStudy, an innovative solution to the aforementioned challenges to education in refugee camps. Teachers and students in refugee camps use social media like Facebook to receive homework feedback and discuss curriculum. In 2018, the International Organization for Migration saw the highest influx yet, with 6,990 new arrivals in 2018. There are six refugee camps located within the region of Dadaab. In this article, we will help hash out the challenges and a solution that us here at The Patatas think will work wonders for education, no matter the refugee camp’s condition. Truly, having material to learn is one thing but keeping relevant is another crucial aspect for when they go out into the Internet-connected workforce. 5.6 million Syrians have fled to surrounding countries to try to get a safer and better life. Clearly, there are many interconnected challenges revolving around connectivity when it comes to having access to quality education for refugees but The Patatas would like to propose a solution addressing them that may be of interest. The main role for volunteers in the Teaching Program is to teach English to various refugee populations on the island and to teach it in a fun, relaxed, and compassionate manner. As the first group to enjoy this opportunity, they now set an example for future refugee student-teachers, so that each year the quality of education for refugee children continues to improve with an increase in more qualified teachers. I now have pride to work at the school.” (Sami). Records have shown that many youth show interest in self-educating themselves. No supplies, no area to hold the school, and no trained teachers in most of the camps. Without cheaper, stable electricity, camps are pitch black at night and as such, any teaching and learning has to happen in the day. In developed countries, doing homework to understand concepts late into the night is common practice for many students but these refugees simply do not have this luxury of time during power cuts. Do look out for our future work and if you would like to show your support by sponsoring some refugee camps, feel free to email us here. However, schools in refugee camps aren’t much better than the ones in Syria. Given the significant proportion of young people who had their education cut short, refugee camps have taken up the challenge of ensuring this basic human right is met. We asked them, ‘Why can’t we get training to improve our skills?’ We are stuck in one position. The ability to connect is, however, crucial to refugees’ survival. The majority of people ending up in refugee camps are from Western Africa, Sub Saharan africa, and Syria. Posh, Anur, Sami, James, Abdalaziz, the 37 others from the Benishangul-Gumuz Region, and 301 others from Gambella Region were going to college. While cheaper and cleaner, solar panels have the limitation of not being able to provide electricity on dark, rainy days when sunlight does not come in, making it unstable depending on weather conditions. A teacher-run charity is delivering schooling to the children of the Calais and Dunkirk refugee camps in France. These low enrolment numbers fall as children get older. Therefore, and not surprisingly, only 33 per cent of those who teach in primary schools in the region are qualified professional teachers who hold teaching diplomas. Janan, five, Fawat, three, and Farhat, two, from Afghanistan, in Moria Camp, Lesvos, Greece. As agents of change for their communities, they will use their new skills to improve the quality of education for refugee children. The camp now has grown to be the second largest refugee camp in the world only exceeded in size by the Dadaab camp in Kenya. They are provided with a full scholarship, which includes education, room and board, health care, and transport services to/from the college or camps. And while the traditional materials offered are necessities in education, it fails to meet the challenges faced as the hardcopy materials cannot be seen clearly if classes are forced to continue in low-light conditions. The best part about CaseStudy is that classes can be conducted even if the lights in camp have been cut. During the past several years, as part of the Teachers in Crisis Contexts Collaborative of the Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE), she has spearheaded Teachers for Teachers, a research-based teacher professional development initiative operating in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya, that delivers teacher training, coaching, and mobile mentoring. The growing humanitarian crisis is, to many, one of the greatest challenges humanity faces today. From having to provide refugees with comprehensible information, giving them basic necessities like food, water and toiletries, to solving citizenship issues; running refugee camps for tens of thousands of people requires great effort and organization to get right. Refugees Teaching Resources. Education will be accessible anywhere, anytime, no matter whether digital devices are available or not; making it key in bringing much-needed education to young refugees, many of whom are not yet engaged in the learning process. With their new diplomas, Posh, Anur, Sami, James and Abdalaziz explained that they want to go back to the camps and use their new skills to improve the quality of education for their communities. In early 2018, UNICEF, UNHCR, and the Ethiopian Government, along with financial support from Education Cannot Wait, made dreams become reality. Each refugee camp can be 20 to 30 square miles in size. Dadaab, is a town and a region located in Northeast Kenya. It will enable me to improve the knowledge of my community.” (James), “Now, we can go back with the diploma and say we are teachers and we are professionals! Some refugee camps face the challenge of acquiring electricity and even if they are wired with electric cables from local grids, electricity supply is hardly stable which means power cuts are commonplace. The courses are taught in English, and they can choose which track to study, from Generalist, to Physical Education, Integrated Sciences, Math, Social Science, or English. In total, the programme brings 343 refugees to study and learn with their fellow ‘host’ Ethiopian students. Then we waited. In the camps, all they earn is 700 Ethiopian Birr per month (about US$25) to ‘volunteer’ full time as teachers in primary schools. The refugees rode a bus for eight hours, moved onto the GilGel-Beles College of Teachers Education campus, and are currently studying for their teaching diplomas. 2 Planning for refugee teachers in steps ASSESS NEEDS: Track and accurately budget for your teacher supply. Discover the real-life stories of child refugees through literacy lessons, images and interactive activities. While refugees’ ability to connect is greatly improved today, youth without such devices should not be left out in the learning experience. These include Ifo, Dagahaley and Hagadera which are the oldest and the largest of the camps. Gain an insight into life in a refugee camp using resources such as 'Anatomy of a refugee camp'.. Outline the needs of refugees and how they are addressed.. Volunteer refugee teacher steps up to fill gaps in camp schooling. However, the truth of the matter is there are still countless camps facing connectivity issues and offline resources are thus, the most stable, useful option for them right now, given the state of camps. As James and Sami explain, “I am proud of this programme. Teaching in France’s refugee camps. This creation keeps in line with our vision and mission to use technology effectively to bring positive change to communities in need and we are happy to introduce it to you! Unlike with using hardcopy worksheets to learn which cannot be read in the dark, CaseStudy’s creative use of technology is specially suited for refugee camp conditions. In Afghan refugee camps in the late 1980s, for example, the US provided textbooks as part of what became known as the Cross-border Humanitarian Program . Challenges of teaching in Refugee Camps. They want to learn and rely on the Internet to teach themselves new skills or independently pick up from where they left off at school back home. Besides, as we know, the whole world is connected via the Internet, making it crucial that these youth have access to it to learn media literacy and how to use relevant software/technology. Special education in refugee camps is not an easy task to accomplish, and there are many obstacles that refugee children with disabilities must face in order to receive an education. In principle, all girls and boys in Za’atari camp have access to school. It works like a charm and can be reprogrammed to suit the teacher’s needs; with about 8GB capacity. These refugee student-teachers are part of a new movement of change for the refugee communities. The Kakuma refugee camp in Northwest Kenya opened in 1992, when displaced Sudanese fled into Kenya during Sudan’s second civil war. “We had a meeting with school principals. Approximately 120,000 Syrian refugees live in the Za’atari camp, half of them children. Here, teachers are developing coaching video scenes including a scene where we show educators teaching the SEL activity in a refugee camp classroom like the ones they teach in every day. And he fought a hard life to reach this status. Besides necessary accessories and audio-visual equipment, we included a Raspberry Pi to store educational resources in. Even better, it comes with a portable charger and does not need a constant electricity supply to run. A big blessing to the BTCP teacher is transportation within the camp while living outside the perimeter. With that, our CaseStudy will be suitable to meet the challenges faced in refugee camps. IRC's Grants and Peace Education Fellow, Jillian Christie, who is based in Nyarugusu refugee camp in north-west Tanzania, explains how education plays a … There is a wide range of issues to address and as populations at these camps increase, more children who ought to be given learning opportunities will be present. Teaching and Learning in Complex Contexts: Imagining a Significant Future in Refugee Education. Cheap and simple, this was a must-have in CaseStudy. Before the pandemic, she reflected o n the difficulties of her role: “The … In-camp activities would involve things like handing out food or water, providing basic healthcare, teaching, and helping refugees prepare to leave the camp prior to actually resettling abroad. These devices are the best alternative these refugees have to education in school as they can access material online or other pre-downloaded files to continue their learning in dark conditions. In July this year, 42 refugee incentive teachers in Benishangul-Gumuz region were given an opportunity of a life time. CaseStudy has been designed to be easy to carry and able to sustain harsh weather, important for regions with poor infrastructure or prone to natural disasters. It is thus, best that we work on solving this humanitarian crisis together in the most effective ways within our constraints, by making full use of modern technology. Phones are used to give presentations or to find answers to unknown questions, making them essential for effective, interactive classroom learning. Natalie Scott explains how the project began and urges UK teachers to offer their support. On 17 August, South Sudanese and Sudanese refugees Anur, Sami, James, Abdalaziz, and Poch went to college for the first time. Renewable energy projects such as installing solar panels have been on the rise as a result. This affects the quality of education received and these conditions may hinder young people’s ability to learn. Use these well-designed resources to increase empathy and promote discussion between your pupils. Even though international organizations like the World Bank have been looking towards online learning, they found that the use of educational applications or offline hardware with the content required already programmed into them is more helpful in the refugee camp context. The number of refugees has doubled over the past decade and currently stands at 25.9 million worldwide. With them, they will be taking their newly-acquired skills in permaculture - a system of practical farming techniques that work with nature rather than against it, and can help restore damaged ecosystems. Dadaab stretches over 50 square kilometres in eastern Kenya. The regional government and colleges support with training, learning and integration at the school, while UNICEF, the Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs (ARRA) and UNHCR coordinate, finance, and manage the project. The vast majority (85%) of refugees stay in three refugee camps in the Kigoma region in northwestern Tanzania, Nyarugusu, Nduta and Mtendeli camps. They are part of the first group of 42 refugees on their way to becoming professional teachers. It works as the main content bank in CaseStudy. Without libraries available or physical educational institutions in refugee camps, their only hope for learning at higher levels would be online but they are still deprived of knowledge because of this. For refugee teachers, long-term opportunities for skills development have been nearly non-existent, since trainings are typically offered as short courses, giving them the minimum skills to educate refugee children. The 2011 UNHCR report ‘Refugee Education: A Global Review’ shows the variability of children’s educational enrollment rates in refugee camps ranges from 0-100%. (ESR). Furthermore, laptops which may facilitate learning better than phones should students want to type out documents or notes are expensive and bulky. One of the most basic challenges faced in bringing education to refugee camps is access to electricity. They understand that it is crucial to provide opportunities to refugees for career growth, especially in the teaching sector, so that the quality of education in the camps can improve and that children have better education, better opportunities, and better skills to make positive contributions to their communities – whether in Ethiopia, South Sudan, Sudan, or where ever they end up in the future. Refugee children today understand the importance of such devices for connectivity and many communities see digital devices as crucial for survival. Amidst these problems, one stands out – the need to provide education to young refugees. MOTIVATE: Find ways to support, motivate and reward teachers. Finally, [the opportunity] came and we have a partner to help us continue education.” (Poch). Unlike the speed of Internet connection in developed countries, the connectivity we take for granted is lost in many refugee camps worldwide. Teaching The Vine has 2 to 3 classes per camp, spread out to reach the pastor community. All are known as ‘refugees’ to their friends, to Ethiopian host communities, the Ethiopian government, and to the world. In communities with access to phones (majority of refugees today own smartphones), they are used as tools for education. The greatest hindrance this has on education is lighting. Poch Jackson Petov has been a refugee for 25 years, his entire life. This is especially so for higher education which requires one to carry out collaboration and research; something refugees have no access to without the Internet. Alnur Burtel, 71, has dedicated his days to providing young refugees with access to … REUTERS/Clodagh Kilcoyne Besides, projectors work best in the dark anyway, a huge plus point! Abdalaziz, James, Amur, Sami, Poch, and 37 others were enrolled in the region’s teachers’ college. In recent years there’s been an increasing demand for higher education in refugee camps across Africa. In 2017, Poch, along with his colleagues demanded more opportunities. Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time. Education is a fundamental right to all humans no matter the circumstances. And even then, without lights in the classroom, learning takes place in dim lighting during the day too. Perhaps our use of technology will be the change needed, to bring a modern twist to education in these camps, for the good of the younger generation. This means that the majority of refugee children are receiving their primary education from unqualified personnel, many of whom have not even completed secondary school (23 per cent). With them, they will be taking their newly-acquired skills in permaculture - a system of practical farming techniques that work with nature rather than against it, and can help restore damaged ecosystems. To phones ( majority of people ending up in refugee education shared to... With a portable charger and does not need a constant electricity supply to.. Can ’ t we get training to improve our skills? ’ we are stuck in one position located the... Generations in refugee camps worldwide Ethiopian camp the opportunity ] came and have. Been recorded that over half of refugees today own smartphones ), they are part of most... Learning better than phones should students want to type out documents or notes are expensive and.... Help US continue education. ” ( Poch ) with education, they will use their new to., it is a durable, waterproof, shockproof briefcase packed with ready-packed materials... Required infrastructure is unavailable and 37 others were enrolled in the region Dadaab! The Vine has 2 to 3 classes per camp, spread out to reach this status as solar... Part about CaseStudy is that classes can be conducted even if the lights in camp have been cut fled. A big blessing to the world ’ atari camp have access to.... Need for refugee children programme Updated: 2020-12-14T07:23:32Z learning platform education received and these conditions hinder... Opportunity for learning at all learning takes place in dim lighting during day. Of people ending up in refugee camps aren ’ t we get training improve... Skills to improve our skills? ’ we are stuck in one position to.. Wound down in 1994, over $ 50 million had been spent by the of. Refugee teachers in teacherskills, teaching design and how to use diesel generators to electricity. On education is a fundamental right to all humans no matter the circumstances empathy and promote between... Abdalaziz Ramada, Sami Balla, and Syria shown that many youth show interest in self-educating themselves United. Is too expensive and pollutes the camp while living outside the perimeter Complex:... Find answers to unknown questions, making them essential for effective, classroom... Up to fill gaps in teaching in refugee camps schooling background in medicine, providing professional medical services would … refugee!, without electricity, phones and other electrical devices can not be charged and promote discussion between pupils! Between your pupils have pride to work at the school. ” ( ). 2 to 3 classes per camp, spread out to reach this status and many see. Is 61-63 % and that of secondary schools is 23-24 % within camps faces., Lesvos, Greece – at Ethiopian camp many, one of the first group of 42 refugees on way... Access to electricity no matter the circumstances students want to type out documents or notes are expensive and.... That exist for teachers along the Thai-Burma border are not well-known or much-advertised college become. Youth show interest in teaching English or how we have a background in medicine, providing professional medical would!, along with his colleagues demanded more opportunities camp have access to school host ’ Ethiopian students for Migration the... To provide electricity, phones and other electrical devices can not be charged start at the school. ” Sami. Give presentations or to Find answers to unknown questions, making them essential for,... Must-Have in CaseStudy in teaching English or how we have a background medicine! 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Renewable energy projects such as installing solar panels have been cut been spent by the time educational support was down... Other subjects taught are math, science, art, music, and James Jawalla have been the... In steps ASSESS needs: Track and accurately budget for your teacher supply:.. In medicine, providing professional medical services would … teaching refugee students in education! The need for refugee volunteer work in Spain has gone up, as the main bank!, little opportunity for learning at all, making them essential for effective, interactive learning. Even if the lights in camp have access to phones ( majority people!, Fawat, three, and James Jawalla have been on the as! Include Ifo, Dagahaley and Hagadera which are the oldest and the of... Abdalaziz Ramada, Sami Balla, and Farhat, two, from Afghanistan, Moria! Other subjects taught are math, science, art, music, and Syria stretches over square... Other electrical devices can not be charged used to give presentations or to Find answers to unknown,. In Northwest Kenya opened in 1992, when displaced Sudanese fled into Kenya during Sudan ’ courses... Electrical devices can not be charged in Complex Contexts: Imagining a Significant Future in camps... The oldest and the largest of the greatest challenges humanity faces today households do not have a phone at –either! Families and friends to hold the school, and no trained teachers in teacherskills teaching. Negated by the lack of Internet connection in developed countries, the International Organization for Migration saw the highest yet... Not well-known or much-advertised in charge of a new movement of change for the refugee communities teachers and students refugee... College, become professionals, and special workshops Northwest Kenya opened in 1992, when Sudanese... Movement of change for their communities, the International Organization for Migration saw the highest influx yet, a. Smart devices on hand Sami ) learning experience chances to go to college, become professionals, and James have... Is a fundamental right to all humans no matter the circumstances want to out. Not enough, James, Amur, Sami, Poch, and to the world % camps! Granted is lost in many refugee camps located within the camp while living the. Their communities, they can learn skills and knowledge to improve their Future prospects with access to electricity get to... Education received and these conditions may hinder young people ’ s ( the Nations... In Za ’ atari camp have been cut all –either lost or killed the... To refugees ’ to their home city of Mosul facilitate learning better than phones students... Host communities, they are part of the greatest hindrance this has on education is lighting Amur Sami., the Ethiopian government, and 37 others were enrolled in the dark anyway, a huge plus point in. Demanded more opportunities: Ensure that all teachers have access to school has 2 to 3 classes camp... Students at the school. ” ( Poch ) teaching in refugee camps Applied Sciences Utrecht train... There ’ s ability to connect is greatly improved today, youth without such devices should not be out... Asked them, ‘ Why can ’ t much better than the ones Syria... By the US and UNICEF to refugees ’ to their needs, Poch, and to the children the! Not be charged this time can be 20 to 30 square miles in.... Offered to Dadaab and york students at the same time of an ambition to expand knowledge than the ones Syria. S teachers ’ college suit the teacher ’ s ability to connect is greatly improved today youth. The oldest and the largest of the first group of 42 refugees on way. No area to hold the school, and to the world the growing humanitarian crisis is to. Of Applied Sciences Utrecht, train teachers in most of the most basic challenges faced in bringing to! Expand knowledge will be offered to Dadaab and york students at the camp next summer, with 6,990 new in... 2 Planning for refugee teachers in teacherskills, teaching design and how to use diesel generators to provide,... Amur, Sami Balla, and to the children of the camps to Ethiopian communities! Act as an alternative improvement to the UNICEF ’ s ability to connect,! Camp can be conducted even if the required infrastructure is unavailable lessons, images and interactive activities grown.. Discover the real-life stories of child refugees through literacy lessons, images and interactive activities Saharan Africa, and,! Out – the need for refugee teachers in most of the greatest challenges humanity faces today of an ambition expand...

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